Who gives to the writer the right to represent the interests? Now considerable prevalence the occupations connected with literary activity resulted
in a large-scale variety of psychological types of creators and primenitel of the art word. Household and art representatives of various sectors of society, obladetel and carriers of the most different professions and specialties began to be engaged in the writing. Reasons of occupations by literary work set and one of the main, in our opinion, desire, and often and need for self-expression.
It is thought that all mankind turned literature into the representative body, having delegated its carriers the right to represent the interests, needs and requirements, and often both expectations, and hope, and aspiration. And only as a result of literary work, having passed a hearth of a literary workshop, all this silent and passionate finds flesh and blood, begins to breathe and live, becomes an example to imitation or, on the contrary, causes an obvious protest and rejection.
The writer can extremely seldom be determined by any one trait of character because by means of ability to get and change he creates and forms in itself several various identity, and sometimes only planning separate contours of some beings which life he, perhaps, never also lived, but life of which he should lead.
At the same time the history of literature is more filled with biographies rough, saturated adventures, fight against circumstances and with itself, numerous change of professions and occupations, smiles of destiny and grins of evil failure, than biographies quiet and happy, satisfied with themselves and the world, burdened only with doubts in value and the importance of the creativity.
In many respects the reason of this circumstance disappears in material neediness of the people who are engaged in literary work. It is necessary to agree that literature practically never allowed the writer to sibaritstvovat, amusing itself with idleness, and at the same time to exist without any material problems, and entirely at the same time to plunge into creative dreams, daring to ignore numerous financial questions. Often occupations by literary work did not bring in any income or, at best, the income very insignificant at all.
The history of literature practically does not know writers who, without possessing a real state, created or got it the hard literary work. Unfortunately, so far does not exist any known financially - the economic analysis of profitability of literary work. It is thought that if sometime such analysis and is carried out, then in it, certainly, the details characterizing material welfare of writers have to be reflected the sizes of their reward for flight of their creative imagination depending on whether they took a place of honor at legs of lords are specified or were frequenters of cheap pothouses. It is unambiguous that in this analysis there has to be a place and for the description of how during the different temporary periods society fulfilled the duties before “ engineers of human souls “.
At the same time it is necessary to agree that depending on the location concerning the mighty of this world writers also were conductors of the corresponding ideas and customs, views and customs, forming at the same time and public opinion in certain circles. With very big work it is also not unconditional at all, gradually acquires society during the forward development unconditional truth that art cannot and should not make profit and to be self-sufficient, and therefore literature needs and deserves support of society at all times.
In public understanding for some reason became habitual that decent payment is deserved only by glory which was brought by this or that work to his creator, but not the pleasure derived from its reading. At the same time always the authorities showed care of that the future generations did not dare to forget their and their nice affairs, and for this purpose brought closer to themselves some, or, on the contrary, the fictional stories helped to forget the creators who were in time to become famous that the last could sing of their acts to society about their not absolutely plausible acts, remaking at the same time history in interests “ customer “.
At the same time history knows also exceptions. So, the Patron whose name became nominal, always gave help to the emperor Augustus who with great success used services of the poets glorifying its greatness, but at the same time did not wish to pay their work on - imperial. History stores memory of it, as about the person who gave protection and material support modest toilers of poetry. Being rich and notable, it was not alien also author`s aspirations, however its natural step and true love to art did not allow it to become the ordinary graphomaniac, and therefore he ennobled true poetry above own attempts to succeed in the, gave help and support to the poets who had the true gift for speaking, but deprived of material welfare. At the same time and he was not deprived of vanity, and had in return the right to count on praises to himself from outside to them donees. History of the subsequent development of society knows many examples of the phenomenon which received further the name “ patronage “.
In the last time, unfortunately, the phenomenon called by the sponsor`s help gains ground. However, as a rule, this help is not disinterested and directed at all, in the ultimate goal, to improvement of financial position of the same sponsor which moves often not love to art, but desire to become famous and be enriched most through the help rendered to them.
Unfortunately, history is full literary beggars, at the same time endowed with big talent and intelligence, but for a variety of reasons doomed to continuous beggarly existence, forced to exchange the talent for day labor from literature. At the same time during lifetime the glory not too often indulged them the smile, is more often contemptuously wriggling with their persistent attempts to earn on modest existence by lie, humiliations, and sometimes, and hypocrisy. And at the same time, patrons helped true talents to find internal freedom by means of which the unconditional talent also gave rise to the real poetic pearls.
It is necessary to recognize therefore that writers always were and will be conductors and representatives of various layers of human society, and, considering that society is not uniform in the structure, writers at all not equally described and will describe in the works the existing reality during the different periods of human development.