Rus Articles Journal

Why by all means it is necessary to tell children about opening of cave painting?

Because this discovery was made by children! Imagine, children`s curiosity moved apart a framework of art culture on tens of the millennia. The story about these surprising adventures can become the ticket to the world of history, carry away and infect with research passion. You judge.

Everything began with little Maria, her father, the Spanish senor Marcelino Sautuola, having seen at the World Fair in Paris tools of the primitive person, remembered that his servants during hunting found a big cave near the settlement of Altamira. In 1879 it began archaeological researches there and found the first objects - stone instruments of labor of the ancient person. Of course, he wanted to show them as soon as possible to the little daughter, and mister Sautuola took the baby with himself in a cave once.

In those days, some more than 100 years ago, history of art began with the sections devoted to Assyria and Ancient Egypt, and the primitive person was considered as the savage in the true sense of the word. These representations were broken when the clever five-year-old girl captured by travel on a mysterious cave raised the head

of her eye met eyes of a bull, the fluctuating light of a torch snatched out his look full of horror. The bull was not one, behind him as if soaring in air, powerful figures of his fellows rushed. They as though approached from a ceiling and seemed live thanks to vivacity of a look and the expression of the movement which is unusually precisely transferred by a hand of the unknown far master. The scientist involved with shouts of the daughter stood in amazement, pictures seemed drawn recently though the age of caves did not leave doubts.

Opening became sensation, it excited both the scientific world, and secular society, in a cave even the Spanish king Alphonse XII went down. But opened for itself art of the Stone Age honor along with the invention of phone and cinema of people could not agree that it wild the ancestor was capable of the spiritualized creativity. One by one authorities and stars of science declared that they to Altamira`s painting no more than 20 years, and hinted at a juggling and falsification. For Sautuola it became crash, the scientific world turned away from it, he did not receive invitations to the congresses, his letters were left without answer, rumors about his madness spread. He died, crushed by a shame and loneliness.

But already in several years, at the beginning of 90 - x years of the 19th century in France began to find separate models of Paleolithic art including cave painting. But nobody nevertheless decided to declare it at the top of the voice. Were not yet Von de Gom and Kombarell found caves. Their walls were also painted, at the same time, all entrances to caves through many centuries were densely closed by calcareous stratifications. Here then there is no doubt left in an origin of drawings any more. Under the pressure of incontestable proofs the dogmatic doctrine was given and, at last, Sautuola`s correctness was publicly recognized. Shone archeology, trampled once on his honor, visited the settlement of Altamira which glorified and ruined the Spanish scientist. There they were met by the girl and in full silence carried out to a cave. It was Maria, and they brought her a condolence and repentance.

Meanwhile, on searches of new cave galleries hundreds of researchers rushed, but they lacked adventure luck. It became the reason of opening of the well-known Lascaux Cave in France. In the fall of 1940 of the boy lost during walk the dog who dived into the hole which remained after the storm which pulled out a huge pine with roots. The dog literally vanished into thin air and on call did not respond. Four madcaps could not leave the loyal friend to a vbeda, and one of friends went down in a narrow manhole behind which the tunnel opened. Here, fortunately, the dog was also found, and all company soon gathered. Boys saw the extending corridor seeming infinite, and here matches quickly ended. The shaken travelers, having remained in complete darkness, decided to return.

They kept opening in secret and, having armed with ropes and torches, undertook new descent. Now they could already pass a wide corridor and got to the big hall. The fluctuating, floating light showed it amazing pictures - black bulls, bisons, deer, horses, unknown animals. From the big hall there were two more corridors which walls were decorated with red, yellow, black and brown figures of wild animals - goats, horses, cows and an infinite great number of deer.

The delight which captured pioneers was torn outside, and with it also the secret was splashed out, children could not conceal the find any more. The world instantly learned about surprising opening. This time he was not shocked and recognized for the ancient person ability to feel thinly and talent to express the soul in the images which worried the millennia. But of the world then war took control, and studying of a cave began only in 1948. Now in it the magnificent museum is equipped.

Today the big set of cave drawings is known worldwide. The sense put in these symbols, their appointment are not solved yet. The main secrets of thousand-year prescription wait for the pioneers ready to fascinating adventures. Perhaps, they grow up near you!