What history Thunder - a stone? Part 2
So, the Thunder - the stone became known in St. Petersburg. E. M. Falcone, having arrived to Horse Lahta and having seen him, came to such delight that stopped thinking also about that to construct the bottom of a monument to Peter I from several parts. Inspired, he decided to begin processing of a block directly on the place. However the mother is an empress enjoined to carry future pedestal to the capital.
But how?! How to transport a vast object which weighed 1600 tons?
A thunder - the stone had about 13 m in length, 8 m in height and 6 m in width. Outside there was the 18th century, and the equipment corresponded to that time. The solution nevertheless was found, and the captain Laskari (he is count Karburi, the Greek by origin), who was already mentioned in the first part of the story offered it, and prompted to it “ rules by which it was necessary to build the car to reluck... “ Ivan Ivanovich Betskoy.
This offer at first was tested on ten times the reduced model which tests showed that one movement of a finger it is possible to drag 75 - pood weight. What was represented by this car? It had channeled runners with 32 bronze spheres which were inserted into trenches of the wooden figurative rails upholstered with copper. The movement was carried out on specially built road of ten is put off in width: thick piles, and instead of vryta columns ship pines were hammered into it.
But for its implementation at first it was necessary to clear away the place and to dig trenches around a stone. In this field about 500 people, soldiers and peasants who coped month for four worked. Then shipped the Thunder - a stone by means of system of levers and gate on cunning arranged platform and slowly, heavy and difficult sent the Thunder - a stone to a way.
It was the whole epic which lasted not day and not two... From the first attempt it was succeeded to promote on half-sazhen, with the second - on 23, and then there were the third, fourth and many others. In January, 1770 the Lakhtinsky wood was visited by the monarchess who wished to contemplate as her tracings are carried out.
Speed of transportation was such is that about eight versts to pier on the Gulf of Finland managed to be overcome by the end of March, 1770, moving ahead on 60 - 70 meters day. And all this time at the Thunder - a stone 1220 time-workers worked, without cease. Masons worked even during the movement, relsoukladchik continually rearranged rails, providing further advance.
It is symbolical that ashore the stone large object appeared near a pine which was preserved and decorated with icons by locals in honor of a feat of Peter the Great who on November 1 - 2, 1724, risking life, rescued drowning during a storm at the lakhtinsky coast.
Upon completion of an overland way water was coming. Under Catherine II`s decree bore personal responsibility for it 70 - the summer admiral Mordvinov which was told “ to put all efforts “. Direct “ main thing “ the admiral appointed the captain - the lieutenant Yakov Lavrov.
And a special design the barge was invented by Grigory Korchebnikov - the outstanding ship master who constructed many rowing vessels for the Russian fleet. He not only made drawings, but also together with the master of a rigging Matvei Mikhaylov permanently was all the time during the loading and the movement of the vessel.
Loading was very difficult and not from the first attempt it was successful. It was necessary to think out on the run how to cope with the arising problems: boards came off, the middle of the barge remained in water whereas the nose and a stern emerged... But eventually everything came to the end safely.
The way was seemingly not distant - only 12 versts, but characteristics of freight and difficulty of a route demanded extra care. So at Senate Square moored to pier only last decade of September, i.e. in five months after departure. Here the bottom of Neva was so deep that it was impossible to immerse on it the vessel, and therefore began to drive in piles, on a nose and a stern established the lattices attached by ropes to the coast, and across the barge put one more on which they strengthened six spars.
Ivan Grigoryevich Bakmeyster, the librarian of Imperial Academy of Sciences witnessing events and it is detailed described them, reports that when on the enclosed spheres the stone rolled down from the vessel, these spars broke, and ship boards were bent so that water began to flood the barge. The subsequent movement the Thunder - a stone to the place where it is and until now, borrowed, on different sources, from two to three weeks.
In honor of a grandiose event - transportation the Thunder - a stone which not only in Russia, but also abroad was called a victory of the Russian equipment Catherine II enjoined to rap out a commemorative medal with the image the Thunder - a stone and an inscription: “ To Plainness it is similar. Genvar, 20. 1770 “. Thus, the empress connected one-and-a-half-year-old efforts of thousands of people with own visit to the Lakhtinsky wood.
At last, there is one more curious circumstance. You remember, in the first part of the story it was reported that to use the Thunder - a stone as a pedestal Laskari Semyon Grigoryevich Vishnyakov offered the captain? And so, after that the captain went to the place to make necessary measurements.
And upon return wrote to I. I. Betskoy, “ that the stone is found on the Vyborg party in giving his Excellency of the count Yakov Aleksandrovich Bruce near the village Horse.... “. Ya. A. Bruce is the grandnephew of the famous mystic Yakov Bruce, the closest associate Peter I moreover and called in his honor. Means, a name of Bruce and in a stone sculpture near the emperor - in the center of St. Petersburg?
Anything to, casual coincidence...