In what root of all evil or What it is useful to know about emotions? Part 1
, apparently, govoreno - peregovoreno on this subject, but our life, life situations into which we get and which have to resolve somehow necessarily set us thinking on the emotional state sometimes shaking our organism. Besides the more often we worry, the more persistently we comprehend. Especially with age. Apparently, the organism demands not to belong sometimes thoughtlessly to it, signals definitely, tries to include self-defense.
And the word containing all possible scale of human feelings was strongly enshrined in our dictionary - emotion. And as the person is many-sided, also feelings are so many-sided. The pleasure replaces grief, delight - disappointment, the love is succeeded by hatred. But whether there takes place this shift of feelings completely for the person? Advantage it bears or under certain conditions harm?
Scientists noticed long ago that some emotions are the reason of diseases. In the 18th century the Prussian doctor of X. Gufeland in the book “ Art to prolong human life “ wrote: “ Among the influences shortening life, the primary place is taken by fear, grief, despondency, melancholy, cowardice, envy, hatred “.
I. Mechnikov in the work “ Etudes of optimism “ noted that the strong anger often causes a rupture of vessels, diabetes, and sometimes and development of a cataract. The famous dermatologist P. Nikolsky drew a conclusion that the oppressing feelings of grief, griefs, despondency, envy, rage often promotes developing of skin diseases.
Now when warmly - vascular diseases came out on top among the reasons of mortality, emotions are mentioned in increasing frequency. Consider that the people taking very much to heart everything that meets on their course of life are more subject to diseases.
Word “ emotion “ for the first time appeared in the French literature in 1534. It is formed from the Latin verb meaning in translation “ to excite, concern “. Emotions are experiences of the person which he feels at perception of surrounding reality and most.
All emotions can conditionally be divided into several types . This mood (for example, alarm), passions (hatred, love), affects (horror), long feelings (melancholy).
A state at which the emotional perception is reduced call apathy . In this condition of people it is indifferent both to itself, and to people around. The increased mood with unreasonable complacency, serenity, carelessness is called euphoria .
Extremely unstable mood with a shade of sentimentality, a capriciousness which is followed by tearfulness, faintheartedness is called emotional weakness . Strongly expressed emotion at which the person loses the presence of mind received the name of affect .
On value for health of the person of emotion are divided into positive and negative . About what emotions are experienced by the person at present, it is possible to judge by his mimicry, tone of a voice, by pallor or reddening of skin, on speeded up or, on the contrary, to sharp breath. Many scientists, examining athletes before start, students in days of examinations, actors after performance, found in them change of arterial pressure, pulse, amount of sugar in blood.
K. Platonov in the book “ Word as physiological and medical factor “ writes that the emotional state influences activity of a stomach. Inspired in healthy people by means of hypnosis positive emotions. The X-ray showed that a stomach at them the vermicular movement decreased, quickened. At suggestion of grief, a grief the stomach fell, the vermicular movement weakened.
These data convince that emotions have not only external, but also internal manifestations. Is not present in an organism of such fabric, body or system which would not participate in an emotional complex.
But what nature of emotions?
It will be a question of it in the following article.