Rus Articles Journal

What history Thunder - a stone? Part 1

I Assure you, you precisely saw it if not personally, then, at least, on a photo or a TV screen. The pedestal of the well-known Bronze Horseman - a monument to Peter I in St. Petersburg which is the first monument of the monarch in Russia is built from this block. History of creation of this grandiose sculpture in itself is very interesting, but about it - as - nibud another time. Now - only about a pedestal.

If we began to describe the history nominal stones, after legendary Xin - a stone it is impossible to bypass also the Thunder - a stone especially as often its destiny is stated it is very inconsistent. Quite often speak and write that this boulder of a glacial origin was found by the peasant Semyon Grigoryevich Vishnyakov in September, 1768, and received a name from the fact that according to the legend, the piece it was broken away by thunderous blow.

We will lower inaccuracy of a formulirovovka, having guessed that the lightning got to a block. And here is how to connect freshness of a find (in relation to a subject of time about which there is a speech) with the turn which is persistently repeated by many authors about existence of the legend? And it is very simple: for this purpose it is enough to correct one more inaccuracy in information: the peasant did not find the Thunder - a stone, and only reported about it at the appointed time. To whom and why - about it a bit later.

And now we will remember other legend according to which Peter the Great not only was in that part of the coast of the Gulf of Finland where initially there was a Thunder - a stone, i.e. in six versts from the village Horse Lahta, but also climbed up it, examining vicinities and even watching some battle scenes.

This legend Olga Forsh mentions in the novel ", in particular; Radishchev but you will not call it art fiction of the author. Long before O. Forsh about the same also the contemporary of those events, I. G. Bakmeyster, the librarian of Imperial Academy of Sciences, in " wrote; Historical news of the modeled horse image of Pyotr Velikago (1786).

We will note that the author of a monument, Etienne Maurice Falcone recommended among other four sculptors to the empress Catherine II for realization of her idea to create this monument, and not somebody, and Voltaire initially did not assume that the pedestal for it will consist of an integral boulder, and was going to build it from several components (at first - from twelve, then - from six).

But it was not possible to find suitable stones in any way, despite efforts of the searchers sent after vicinities. And then in the " newspaper; Sankt - the St. Petersburg sheets the address to individuals who would wish " was published; for the resolution... a monument uphill to break out and bring here, to St. Petersburg . Remuneration was promised to the one who will specify location of a suitable stone.

Here the mentioned peasant also responded to this announcement. Stop. The villager of the 18th century reading the St. Petersburg newspaper... Does not raise questions? I can answer, he was not just competent person who is interested in the capital press, and... a supplier of a construction stone for St. Petersburg so to be interested in its news to it was business - need as would tell presently. It in - the first.

In - the second, told about the Thunder - a stone it not to somebody, and the most interested official - the captain Laskari, the head of search works in this project. It means: S. G. Vishnyakov knew where he and how to transfer information and had an opportunity it to make. Besides, he at a meeting with Laskari claimed that not to find the best stone for a pedestal. By the way, Semyon Grigoryevich long ago knowing about this block even assumed to find earlier for it application for own needs, having split into pieces, but did not find the necessary tool.

Treated its information with full confidence because apprehended as the recommendation of the expert and, apparently, well-known. In any case, this hardworking and enterprising carpenter, the mason and the getter of a stone carried out deliveries for facing of the Ekaterina`s channel, the Neva River and many other constructions of the capital of that time of Russia. And there was it really from peasants, but from state, i.e. served the state, but not the barin.

So, the Thunder - the stone gained fame. About what was farther - in the second part of article.