Rus Articles Journal

How 37 Cossacks - kubanets at the cost of the life stopped fascist tanks near Moscow?

the Hardest fights near Moscow in November, 1941 were developed on the Volokolamsk direction. Fascists, without reckoning with losses, were torn to the capital, by November 18 heavy fighting went near the settlements of Yazvishche, Sychevo (approximately the 95th kilometer of modern Novorizhskoye Highway) where the fort was held by horsemen of the general Dovatora. There was also a fighting episode about which I want to tell.

The village of Fedyukovo occupied defense 37 - y the Armavir cavalry regiment 50 - y the Kuban cavalry division, without allowing the opponent to come to Volokolamskoye Highway. To it times to a regiment, participating in multi-day heavy fighting, was in a system of only 116 people, but they not only courageously defended, but even carried out counterattacks.

Covering the left flank of a regiment, on the suburb of the village of Fedyukovo Cossacks 4 - go a squadron under command of the junior political leader Mikhail Ilyenko occupied defense. Actually the division was a squadron only according to the name, by the beginning of fight in it there were only 37 people (37 sabers as spoke in a cavalry), but it were the skilled, tempered fighters more than once looking in a death face.

Early in the morning on November 19 on a position of a squadron the German tanks and to an infantry company, the beds of the river Ridge coming lengthways directed from the half-ruined village of Yazvishche. Fascists sought to crush powerful attack Cossacks and to come to Volokolamskoye Highway opening a direct way to Moscow. Cossacks understood that it is impossible to let the opponent on the highway, so it is necessary to die in the last ditch. For the Cossack the most expensive is, undoubtedly, a fighting horse. But before this fight Cossacks said goodbye to the horses, unsaddled them and released. Already on this act it is visible that to disengage live kubanets did not hope, and were not going to recede.

Fascists did not expect so furious resistance, knowing that Cossacks have neither artillery, nor tanks. But the German infantry was quickly cut from the coming tanks by fire from rifles and manual machine guns, and also the tanks which are set on fire by grenades and Molotov cocktails soon flared. The tanks which escaped in the first fight departed, but soon attacks were resumed. Now defensive positions of Cossacks were well-known to the opponent, and tanks could conduct aim fire. But also new attacks of Hitlerites were beaten off. Kubanets sustained losses also, but even seriously injured functioned, continuing to fire to the last on the enemy.

Having understood that frontal attacks will not possible to cope with Cossacks for a long time, Germans sent tanks with infantrymen on armor bypassing positions of kubanets to strike a back attack. In a fight fever Cossacks late saw tanks at themselves in the back and did not manage to blow up the bridge through the river the Ridge. Actually, and it was already almost impossible to blow up - that the bridge, approaches to it were exposed to fire of the opponent. The small group of the covered with wounds Cossacks under the leadership of the junior political leader Ilyenko occupied defense on the way of tanks. Fight ran high with a new force, new steel boxes of the enemy flared.

By the evening fire was ceased, to show resistance to the opponent there was nobody, but also Germans ceased to attack. Cossacks carried out the task, this day the opponent could not saddle Volokolamskoye Highway, and on the place where the Cossack squadron accepted the last battle, about 20 tanks remained to burn down. In the evening on a position of a squadron the son a kavpolka Alexander Kopylov sent with the order about withdrawal could make the way. It also brought the first data on heroic death of Cossacks - the kubanets who stopped the German tanks at the price of the lives.

There is also an official document in which after avaricious lines of the fighting report heroism of the people protecting the capital. Pay attention to figures: the number of the fascist tanks and Cossacks who followed their ways. Comments, as they say, are excessive.

To the Commander of cavalry group the general - to the major Dovator.

the Fighting report No. 174 of a staff 50 - y kav. divisions. Railway barracks (North - to the east of Fedyukovo). 22 h are 30 min. old 19. 11. 41 g

1. To a battalion of infantry of the opponent with 31 tank, artillery and a mortar occupies Sheludkovo. To 40 tanks and 50 cars with infantry - Yazvishche.

2. In 18. The 00th opponent supported by tanks occupied height 236,1 and Fedyukovo`s suburb, but 37 - go a kavpolka was beaten out by counterattack, and situation was redeemed.

3. Trophies - 2 manual machine guns, 1 mortar. Losses of the opponent - 28 tanks and to an infantry company. Our losses (according to incomplete data) - killed 36 people, wounded - 44 persons. Completely the 4th squadron 37 kavpolka left (are killed). In 37 kavpolka there were 36 people and 1 easel machine gun... .

Several residents of the villages of Fedyukovo and Sheludkovo became witnesses of this fight too. They also buried Cossacks - kubanets in a mass grave, and after release of these places, told about their feat the general - to the major I. Pliyev who was then the commander 50 - y to the Kuban cavalry division.

After fight on November 19 37 - y Armavir kavpolk having accepted replenishment continued to be at war, and did the same it heroically. By the end of war its Battle flag was decorated by awards of the Red Banner and Suvorov, it became 9 - m Guards and received the honourable name Sedletsky .

Already today on the place of death of Cossacks - kubanets the memorial is issued and the big bow cross is established. If you pass on Volokolamsk or to Novorizhskoye Highway, curtail to the village of Fedyukovo, pay tribute to the memory of heroes - to the Cossacks getting here to death in the way of fascist tanks in far 41 - m year.

By preparation of article the material provided by the secretary of board of the Kuban association in Moscow I. A. Malyukin was used.