Training of the beginning journalists. How to teach to interview?
Training - interview:
of Interview, one of the most difficult journalistic genres. It is an alloy of many abilities, but the main thing of ability to communicate. How you will communicate, you will come into contact, you will be able to gain the confidence of the person quality of the obtained information depends. Give within several minutes we will glance in ourselves and we will analyse the personal qualities. Write down on a leaf of 10 qualities which help to interview and 10 which is stirred
What was difficult in this exercise? What unexpected quality you noticed? What it was easier for you, to define qualities which help or qualities which disturb?
the Note for leaders. The main complexity of this exercise in number of qualities which need to be written down. The first 3 - 4 turn out easily, and further to have seriously to think. Therefore it is necessary to track, that not less than 10 qualities were written down. It is also interesting to observe to whom easier to write about the shortcomings and to whom about the advantages.
the Task 2
In interview a lot of things depend on the first impression. Ability “ to read “ the person rather difficult, but developed. We will try to be trained in this ability. The request to be paired off. It is desirable to rise in couple with the person whom least of all you know.
A now within two minutes absolutely silently observe one after another in couples. Your task to find in the partner not to exchange of six merits inherent in it. Later, on my team, discuss in couples as far as really these qualities are inherent in your partners.
What you noticed when carried out this exercise?
the Note for leaders. The main sense of this exercise, first of all in creation of the positive atmosphere. Because it is pleasant to everyone when about it is mute speak good (even if this high quality is not absolutely inherent). Therefore this exercise can be used many times with different partners.
the Task 3
I Ask couples to unite in the fours. Your task, at the first stage to choose object which you would like to interview. At the second stage you have to propose to the four the candidacy and try to convince all in the to group that it is the best. From group one candidate has to turn out as a result. Interestingly, who will apply it?
What was difficult in this task? Why some groups could not agree? Whether in se agree with the proposed candidacies?
the Note for leaders. In this exercise it makes sense to warm up passions. Its main objective is to come in discussion to idea of criteria of the choice. That is to agree, are necessary a preliminary basis. Therefore this task can be considered transitional to the following.
the Task 4
I Ask the fours to unite in groups on eight people. You small edition. Your task in group to elaborate criteria by which the object of interview is chosen. Write down all criteria with which all agree to a single sheet. After that choose the first candidate for interview. Perhaps this candidate to appear just, and can you thought of it earlier. The main thing that she, whenever possible, most fully answered the criteria created by you.
What you felt at discussion? How there took place discussion? Whether it is difficult to choose the candidate for interview?
the Note for leaders. At this stage cooperation and constructibility is encouraged. Well if in criteria there is also a parameter of reality and availability of the candidate.
the Task 5
Let`s observe from outside on interview. For this purpose we will arrange small theater. All of us will be the audience, and two our colleagues will model a situation. Who wants to act as the first? And all of us will attentively look for participants and to notice all pluses and minuses. Before you five chairs. Sit down on two extremely left chairs. The correspondent sitting at the left sideways. And sitting on the right - the child from " group; Kid “. Well, dear correspondent, you in a minute should interview. And now the correspondent changes to a free chair on the right and to become itself the child but from " group; Leader “. The participant who remained at the left - to become the journalist. In a minute it is necessary to interview small. Again change and now interview the guide. Again change etc. It is possible to interview the senior tutor, Dry Ya. M. deputy of the plant manager etc. of
What well turned out at speakers? And what did not turn out? How the speech when changing a role changed? Who else wants to act?
the Note for leaders. Exercise has to show, how important to adapt to the interlocutor, to learn to ask the correct questions. In principle it is possible to put only two chairs and just to change roles. But change gives illusion of hierarchical growth and more fully reflects a role. Exercise can be repeated several times. Every time, correcting errors.
the Task 6
Now we will try to feel the presents “ wordsmiths “ asking sensitive issues. But we need the real volunteer ready to sit on “ hot chair “ and honestly to answer the trickiest questions. If there is a volunteer that can be begun. Who else wants to sit on “ hot chair “? whether
Is difficult to ask questions? What did you feel when you answered? How you think, what is easier, to ask questions or to answer? Why? What did you learn about the person?
the Note for leaders. It actually is also traditional exercise “ hot chair “. However the emphasis should be placed here on ability to ask sensitive issues. the Task 7
Let`s be trained by
to interview a blitz. We will be divided into two circles - internal and external. Everyone opposite has to have a partner. Children from an external circle interview a blitz the partner standing opposite. It is possible to ask on problems, on feelings inherent at the moment. In 45 seconds on my team children from an internal circle take a step to the left, and become opposite to other partners and interview them. So there will not pass the cycle yet. After that the internal and external circle is interchanged the position.
What questions were the most interesting? What answers were the most interesting? What problems were the most frequent? What it was more interesting to ask questions or to answer them?
the Note for leaders. Exercise very strongly develops skills of communication, and creates a good emotional spirit. It is only important not to tighten time and to find a good sound signal (at a large number of participants cottons are simply not heard).
General circle. I ask to state impressions about today`s meeting. What thoughts appeared? What wants to be made?
General circle. Let`s pay in turn a compliment to the neighbor at the left. I remind a compliment that this positive that you noticed in the person exactly today, on this occupation.