Why British burn every year on November 5 Guy Fox`s effigy?
Every year for more than 400 years almost all British take in the evening to the streets of the cities and villages, construct huge, “ pioneer “ fires, make of improvised material of an effigy of Guy Fox, with pleasure set fire to them and start never-ending fireworks and petards in air. The sky of the cities and villages is lit with infinite salutes, on open sites huge fires flare, people have fun and enjoy the events.
History of this holiday following cheerful Halloween consigns the roots to the deep past, namely: On November 5, 1605 malefactors planned plot against the king James I and members of Parliament. Catholics laid great hopes on the king, believing that he will cancel the penalties and restrictions imposed on Catholics at the queen Elizabeth I, but their hopes were not equaled.
Then the group of conspirators made up the mind to the emergency step which became history as “ Powder Plot “. Robert Keytsbi suggested to blow up the Parliament building during the annual opening ceremony of a meeting of Chamber of Lords. Murder of the king, change of the power in the country and accession on the king`s throne - the Catholic was the purpose of alleged explosion. For implementation of blasting they acquired 36 barrels with gunpowder and are stored in the cellar under Chamber of Lords.
But plot was unexpectedly broken. On the eve of the planned explosion one of participants sent to the friend lord Montigl the letter in which he asked it not to visit Parliament on November 5. Several hours later the letter appeared in hands of the king. James I ordered to search Parliament cellars where 36 barrels with gunpowder and Guy Fox intending to set fire any minute to a match, conducting to the cellar filled with gunpowder under Chamber of Lords were found.
After inhuman tortures and mockeries Guy Fox gave all names of malefactors. All conspirators were publicly executed, and Guy Fox chetvertovan. Londoners in gratitude for disposal of the king of death began to burn down fires on streets. Over time this tradition developed into more grandiose event, and on fires began to burn Guy Fox`s effigies, " symbols; Powder Plot “.
At first word “ guy “ designated only Guy Fox`s effigy burned in anniversary of plot, then it became more significant, so began to call badly dressed person, and over time “ guy “ became nominal, and in colloquial English means any young man, the guy now.
According to some sources, this plot could not be carried out because the acquired gunpowder was crude and old and to set fire to it it was not represented possible. And some historians even believe that “ Powder Plot “ it was thought up by the king James I for strengthening of the power because imperceptibly it was impossible to drag to the building of Parliament of 36 barrels with gunpowder.
And the worst that happened after a plot failure, the fact that on January 21, 1606 the Parliament introduced additional restrictions in the rights for Catholics. Here precisely, have it coming!
In England on “ Bonfire Night “ (Night of Fires) it is accepted to invite guests to a festive dinner where a highlight of the program is burning of an effigy of Guy Fox. All guests come to a site, start petards, set fire to an effigy, burn down a fire and lovely communicate with each other. Traditionally for November 5 cook mashed potatoes with the thick English sausages fried on a grill, and bake potatoes in coals and eat it with a salt pinch. There is also other food on the date of Guy Fox - chicken legs of a barbecue to a vprikusk with kapustno - carrot " salad; coleslaw “ the dressed mayonnaise, and for a dessert apples - toffee with syrup of which do toffees. Children decorate the person with " coal; for a camouflage “ and happily run around a fire, without suspecting about the real mission of this holiday.
Here such centuries-old traditions in numbed England!