What flutes happen? (Part 1) of
the Flute, probably, is familiar to everyone. Many imagine it as a tube with valves in which blow somehow sideways. Play such flutes in orchestras. But the flute is the whole family, generally the national tools extended worldwide. Each people have the flute, and even not one.
Types of flutes Actually flutes on the design can strongly differ with
. That flute which was mentioned above is called cross, closed. At it the end from which blow is closed by a cap. Hold it horizontally, directing aside. Tubes blow across an opening sideways. The first cross flutes are for the first time mentioned in China in the ninth century B.C.
Still there are flutes longitudinal. Such flute is held vertically directly before themselves. The Russian pipe can be an example. Longitudinal flutes can be open. From above just blow air on slanting into an open opening. And can be svistkovy. The svistkovy device is inserted into an entrance opening. Usual whistles represent just such tool. However, in them the ball for bigger fun still runs. And they can be any bizzare shape, but not in the form of a tube.
There is one more kind of longitudinal flutes - intermediate between open and svistkovy. It has a cut as on svistkovy, but there is no plug with a crack.
There are still longitudinal flutes closed since the lower end. Their general name - a pan pipe, by name the Greek god. Similar tools are widespread very widely on all continents too. As one tube of such flute makes only one sound, usually they are taken a little. Such flute call multibarrelled.
In general, the general sign of all flutes formation of a sound when splitting a stream of air a sharp edge is. This edge is formed by edge of a tube in open longitudinal flutes and pan pipes, edge of an opening in a cross flute or the special pointed part of the svistkovy device in svistkovy.
Independently there are ocarinas. It is the svistkovy sosudoobrazny flute made of clay. It has no blown opening. There are a whistle and openings for fingers. This tool is obliged by the name to a goose. “ Oka “ in Italian - a goose. In a form flutes from pumpkin are similar.
the Usual orchestral flute is the cross closed flute. It treats by tradition wooden wind instruments. However is made today generally of metal, and sometimes and of glass and ceramics. On it we see a set of valves for management of sound height. These valves appeared on it in 1832 thanks to the German master Byom. It sometimes and is called - Byom`s flute.
Such flute has higher version - a flute - pikkolo. It has very sharp high-pitched and shrill sound. And by the size it is twice less than the sister. Thanks to the shrill sound it was used as the alarm tool in the battlefield.
Cross flutes are widespread in Asia. It and Chinese “ di “ and “ limb “. The last is widespread among Mongols, drill, Tuvinians and in Tibet. Characteristic of these two flutes is the additional opening closed by a thin membrane. It forms unique “ Chinese “ timbre so characteristic of national orchestras. The cross flute in Central Asia is called “ Nye “.
In the first part we attentively considered only cross flutes as the most modern and much relatives. In the second we will in more detail consider other types.]