As the button became “ legislator of fashion “?
the Designer of model business Tatyana Parfyonova became known not only in native St. Petersburg, but also in the world thanks to the most prestigious for her to an award - “ To the Gold button “ which she received at the international " festival; In Vogue “ in Vilnius for the first collection of clothes from hands of the chairman of jury, the glorified couturier Paco Rabanne. There was it in 1995. Such debut became for the fashion designer Parfyonova the road to new creative life … to
However, it and is unsurprising. There was time when the button was several times more expensive than clothes. For example, Indians the buttons made of silver paid for goods which bought from settlers in trade benches. It is also known that the French king Francis I somehow ordered to the jeweler of 13600 small gold buttons for finishing of only one velvet suit. It is curious that each secular person at that time had not less than thirty suits (for every day of month) and daily changed them. Not without reason there was a proverb: “ The Nobility carries the income on shoulders “.
In the ancient time people instead of a button used a stick which was tied to a skin. But it is guesses of scientists. One of the first data on hairpins - buttons which used in clothes of the resident of Athens belong to 570 BC. However word “ button “ got to Russia from the East, it came from Old Indian language and literally means “ lump, weight “. To the Russian dandies a button which was called then “ pugvitsy “ came at the end of XV - the beginning of the 16th century. Strangely enough, interest in it was shown more by men. Then on brightness and luxury the men`s wear did not concede female. Only gradually from women`s clothing lacings, tapes and hooks began to disappear. And some women of fashion of tailors asked to select under fabric buttons with gold and silver sewing, and not vice versa soon. Begin to decorate with buttons not only clothes, but shoes and boots. The chronicle of the XVII century narrates about the ladies carrying on clothes from fifty up to hundred small decorative buttons.
For production of buttons there are such materials as bones, horns, a tree, metal, glass, skin. The famous ceramists and jewelry of the master treated production of buttons with the same invention with what created the vases and suspension brackets. In Russia there are popular buttons from stones - jaspers, agate and malachite. If Old Russian buttons had the ball form with an ear, then later they change. Except spherical, there are buttons extended and flat in a form, big and small. The manual design was especially valuable. Along with magnificent samples from gold, silver and jewels, obtyazhny buttons began to appear. They were done in tone to clothes, headdresses, fitting material or skin a wooden or bone button on a leg. Buttons with through openings became fashionable later.
Often it was possible to see the person in clothes with buttons on which the symbolics of this or that sort of difference is represented, especially it concerned a military uniform.
In ancient times a fastener - the button was called “ not to start up evil force “ to the person. The button had magic value. Not without reason in Vladimir Dahl`s dictionary it is written that “ the button is a pugalka “. Put a small subject which when walking made a sound in hollow buttons. The button was a charm.
All fashionable plots of jewelry for the aristocracy - bouquets, flowers and birds - dexterously and gracefully found room on a surface of buttons in the form of faultless stitches or miniatures. Such buttons were descended. Moreover, included in structure of a dowry.
The Japanese school becomes the famous supplier of landscape buttons from faience and porcelain to the European countries in the XIX century. Among collection there are Chinese buttons of 3 / 8 - 3 / 4 inches in size to this day. Today them only several tens escaped. The secret of their original list and technology and remained not opened.
The XIX century became “ Golden Age “ for a button. Their mass production begins. A huge variety of styles and coloring, and also the inexpensive price became their main quality. Buttons become available to all segments of the population. Rare buttons string on a thread. So there are first collectors of buttons, there are even societies of collectors, exhibitions and the museums of rare copies of buttons open. And now submits fans of collections and stuns the museum of buttons in the province of Shangdu in China where 110000 buttons are collected.
Today the choice of buttons is so diverse that, literally, eyes run up. As for fashion on this unique element of clothes, it appears, that it on buttons will remain always.]