Rus Articles Journal

How there was Yalta?

When arose the settlement on which place the wonderful resort was stretched, it is precisely unknown. But Greeks were founders.

And it was absolutely unusual. Davny - long ago from Constantinople the Greek ships went to a way. Mother countries were necessary new fertile lands where it was possible to grow up bread and mouths of sheep.

Long floated the ships, not without reason ancient nicknamed the Black Sea - Pontos Aksinos - the inhospitable sea. Huge furious waves filled in decks, severe wind tore to pieces sails. The elements forced the ships to go off-course, losing sight of each other. People with horror expected inevitable death among boundless lead waves.

the Storm abated, but cold and dense fog approached. The food and water ended, any hope to see sometime the earth But there was a miracle!

Once at the morning dawn which broke off a fog veil, seamen saw before themselves the beautiful green coast.

- Yalos! - patrol cried. Soon the ships moored to the coast of the wonderful country which they called Taurida. All had enough place, mythical giperbore were hospitable and hardworking people. In the neighbourhood with them Greeks founded the coastal settlement which was called Yalos - coast .

The first written mention of Yalta (12th century) was left by the Arab geographer Al - Idrisi. The settlement was called Dzhalita. From 14th century Yalta under different names - Gaulita, Etalita and so forth - appeared on sea maps of Europe.

In the 15th century. Life in Yalta hardly glimmered, Greeks - fishermen who were exposed oppressions from Turks lived in the basic here.

After leaving of Christians from the peninsula on the Azov coast (1778) Yalta almost completely became empty.

In 1837 the highway connected Yalta to Alushta and Simferopol, and in 1848 balls the road from Sevastopol to Yalta is constructed. Town life quickened at once especially as the settlement was given the status of the town, and then and the district city. In the middle of the 19th century thanks to researches of the famous scientist S. Botkin who opened curative properties of local climate, Yalta becomes the fashionable resort. The doctor arrived to the Crimea in time russko - the Turkish war for work in hospitals of Sevastopol and Bakhchisarai. He recommended to the imperial house to get a summer manor on the Southern coast. So Romanov appeared in Livadiya.

After the tsar court, imperial relatives, wealthy industrialists build dachas and palaces here. The southern coast takes an elegant form, except magnificent buildings on these lands lay out fine parks and gardens.

The prompt development of the city as popular resort was interrupted after 1917. Change of the modes during civil war was followed by terror and executions. After in the Crimea the Soviet power was established, dachas and palaces were nationalized, in many of them arranged is working - country sanatoria and rest houses.]