Rus Articles Journal

Why we do not know the great fellow countrymen?

on March 2, 1866 in Sim`s village of the Vladimir province the physicist, the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences prince Boris Borisovich Golitsyn was born. It belongs to the Vladimir branch of princes Golitsyn who several centuries served Russia.

I talked to many present inhabitants of Sima, but nobody knows who such Boris Borisovich Golitsyn and what he made. Even the local teacher of physics does not know.

They are proud of the fact that in their village lived 12 days and the general prince Bagration died on a visit at the grandfather of the academician of Golitsyno. But nothing is known plainly about princes Golitsyn who lived and developed their village from 1708 to 1918 until their ancestors expelled Golitsyn and destroyed and took away their house and economy.

I at first thought that the name of the academician of Golitsyno was held back in Soviet period for political reasons. But is not present - it was mentioned in all encyclopedias. To take, for example, the biographic reference book Physics Yu. A. Hramova of the edition of 1982. Golitsyn is there. There is also his portrait. There is no academician Sakharov there, and the academician Golitsyn is.

Golitsyn` house cannot still restore for the organization Bagration`s museum there. It from - for Bagration only also remained. And in the neighboring village of Fyodorovskoye the Golitsyn` estate more interesting in the architectural plan standing on the high coast of the small river of Seleksh flowing then in Nerl was just taken away on a brick. And took away for the last 15 years. And it staid 75 years of the Soviet power. There at first there lived workers of state farm, but never repaired. In 60 - e years when the roof and overlappings began to fail, began to take away frames, doors, floors and tiles. It I for the first time saw this house. And now there is no nothing left!

And why in the simsky house not to organize first of all Golitsyn` museum with the section devoted to Bagration and other famous people who were there? But it does not interest not only inhabitants, but also local authorities. Their representatives, when I gave a hint at it, only laughed and waved a hand.

So Boris Borisovich Golitsyn who was born there 142 years ago made? Graduated from Sea school (1880) and Sea academy (1886) in St. Petersburg and physical faculty of the Strasbourg university (1890). Scientific works of Golitsyn are devoted to studying of light pressure, temperature radiation, critical condition of substance, X-rays, expansions of spectral lines.

Golitsyn paid meteorologies and seismology which thanks to his works from descriptive the physics - mathematical disciplines turned in exact much attention. Golitsyn organized and headed expeditions to Novaya Zemlya and Spitsbergen, prepared expeditions to Egypt and researches of Gulf Stream. In 1887 there was its work Materials for studying of meteorology .

At the same time continued to go in for pure physics. Published two formulas, one of which expresses the private law of radiation, known under the name of the law of removal of Win (1893) now, and another contains Rayleigh`s formula in the latent form - Dzhinsa (1905). Golitsyn closely approached the quantum theory in physics - foreseeing a formula the Level, received two adiabatic invariants, necessary for it.

In 1902 Golitsyn gave the solution of the major problem of seismology - definition of a seismic center according to one seismic station. He the first developed a complete theory and a design of electrodynamic seismographs and arranged their production. Its seismographs were used in all Russians and the majority of foreign seismic stations. Except seismographs, Golitsyn created many other original devices in this area. In 1912 published the work Lectures on seismometry who did not lose the value also till this moment.

Boris Borisovich Golitsyn in Petrograd died on May 17, 1916, fortunately, without having lived up to ruin of the entail property. It is buried on the Nikolsky cemetery of Aleksandro - the Nevsky monastery.]