How the sacrament of marriage in the Russian Orthodoxy is made? Wedding of
After a betrothal follows wedding. During the pre-revolutionary period only the parish priest of the groom or the bride, as a last resort - the parish priest of parents could crown young people. Wedding of parishioners from others arrival was allowed only in the presence of strong reasons. Wedding was allowed to be carried out only in temples in the afternoon, in the presence of the groom and the bride, and also two witnesses who confirmed the act of wedding with the signatures in the register of births. After that marriage had validity. Wedding in chapels and houses of worship was allowed only as an exception, with the permission of the local bishop.
It is worth making a reservation that at all violations allowed when wedding if it was carried out by the imposed priest, marriage admitted valid. After such marriages serious intra church trials which church punishments of the priests making such weddings followed could be carried out, up to prohibition of a svyashchennosluzheniye and eruption from a dignity, but competency of the marriage was not called into question. Therefore history knows many cases of secret weddings in others arrivals without blessing of parents. So, for example, parents well-known the cavalryman - the maiden Nadezhda Durova got married.
Today wedding happens as follows. After commission of a betrothal under singing “ Slava Tebe, My God ours, Tebe`s glory! “ the priest enters the groom and the bride into the central part of the temple and puts them on the bottom before an analogion on which the Cross, the Gospel and wreaths lies. The bottom symbolizes unity of newlyweds and pleasure from joint life in a matrimony. The bottom is brought to the temple by young people. It can be a small white cloth, a towel or a piece of a cloth. After the end of a ceremony the bottom can be left for needs of church.
Before beginning wedding, the priest asks the groom and the bride about the firmness of their intentions to marry and lack of promises of marriage someone another. Without mutual consent of the groom and the bride marriage cannot be consecrated with church. Then wedding begins actually.
The priest reads short to an ektenia and 3 prayers in which he mentions antiquated righteous persons, truly and happily living in a matrimony. And also asks the Lord to grant getting married children and grandsons, to bless them with wellbeing and to give them “ to each other love in the union of the world “.
Then the priest takes a wreath from an analogion, crosswisely dawns it on the groom, Christ`s image located on a wreath allows to kiss. At the same time he says: “ The Christian (name) the slave Bozhiyey (a name of the bride) for the sake of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit " Gets married;. In this way the priest blesses also the bride who kisses an image of the Virgin on the wreath. After that the priest says three times: “ My God, My God ours, crown with glory and honor them “. And blesses newly married three times. Assignment of wreaths and the word of the priest imprint sacrament of marriage. From this point the groom and the bride become the husband and the wife for Church. But wedding continues.
After that wreaths are transferred to witnesses that those held them over the heads of getting married. The priest reads lines from the message of the Saint apostle Pavel in which marriage is called great secret. The prayer " is sung; Pater Noster “. During a prayer newly married as a sign of humility it is necessary to bend the heads under wreaths. After a prayer the priest gives to young people the general bowl with red wine dawned a God banner. At first the husband, and then the wife drink three small drinks from a bowl which is for them a symbol of the general destiny in pleasure and in the mountain.
Then the priest connects the right hands of the husband and wife, covers them with a stole, and from above puts the palm. It symbolizes that the husband receives the wife from the Church connecting them forever in Christ. Without tearing off the hand, the priest leads round young people three times around an analogion on which the Cross and the Gospel lie. It means eternal joint procession along life which began this day for spouses, a sign of durability of their marriage. During round of an analogion the priest sings special prayers. Witnesses follow newly married, holding wreaths which are removed on the end of round of an analogion over their heads. Already without wreaths the priest brings newly married to an imperial gate where they serially kiss Christ Redeemer`s icon and the Mother of God. Then young people kiss a cross, and the priest hands them two consecrated icons (Christ Redeemer - to the groom and Virgin - the bride). Icons are got in advance and transferred to the priest prior to a ceremony.
The priest solemnly declares the groom and the bride the husband and the wife. Attendees in church at wedding congratulate young people. Sometimes after that young people are put to the icons and icons of Saints which are especially esteemed in this church who are considered as patrons of marriage and a family.
Finishing a wedding ceremony the priest serves thanksgiving. Then makes a dismissal, tells the names of Saints who become patrons of newlyweds, and proclaims perennity newly married.
After wedding bell-ringing as a sign of general pleasure and a celebration from connection of the loving hearts can sound.
It should be taken into account that it is not much days in which in Orthodox churches the wedding ceremony is made.
Wedding is not carried out in the next days:
- on the eve of Wednesday, Friday and Sunday (Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday) during the whole year;
- on the eve of twelve great and great orthodox holidays;
- throughout multi-day posts: Great, Petrova, Uspensky and Christmas;
- throughout the Christmas-tide, and also continuous weeks of Cheese (Maslenitsa) and Easter (Light);
- on September 10, 11, 26 and 27 (in connection with a strict post for the sake of Beheading of John the Baptist and the Feast of the Cross);
- on the eve of temple holidays (in each temple the).]