Whether put on the president the head, the field marshal on shoulders, and the general on...?
Many names of clothes come from names and surnames of the famous people which entered them into use or made fashionable.
First of all, of course, comes to mind Pushkin:
Having put on wide bolivar ,
Onegin goes to the boulevard...
Simon Bolivar (Simon Bolivar) (1783 - 1830) was born in Caracas (Venezuela) in a family of the Spanish aristocrat. It from the youth like revolutionary ideas, especially after visited Europe.
Venezuela was the Spanish colony, but in 1808 there was an unexpected chance - to dump a colonial yoke of Spain, having used that Spain was conquered by Napoleon and to it had no time for colonies. On trouble of Venezuelans, Napoleon threatened to Russia, all know what to him was not become stronger, and in 1812 the Spanish troops occupied Venezuela again. Position of insurgents several times changed, but in 1821 - 22. Bolivar at the head of group freed Venezuela and Ecuador, and in 1825 also part of Peru which became Bolivia.
In the 19th century were extremely popular in Europe various insurgents, revolutionaries, karbonariya and other, and including - a romantic figure of Bolivar and his wide-brimmed hat from straws. Now they are called by sombreros.
Trousers of riding breeches became fashionable at the end of 80 - x years of the 19th century, and now they appear again, but already as elegant ladies` accessory. They are obliged by the name to the general of the French cavalry Gaston August Galliffet who was wounded in a hip in fights free - Prussian war.
At that time officers wore the fitting leggings in which the injured general hesitated to walk - his wound was too noticeable. Owing to this fact it could not appear at balls! Then - that the beautiful maiden (the daughter of his fighting colleague, probably, was personally interested in general presence) and thought up for it an unusual style: trousers, wide in hips, and narrow from a knee. At first over the general giggled, but then quickly estimated convenience of such breed to cavalrymen - it was extremely convenient to put on boots. Such trousers began to be called riding breeches, and we a set of times saw them in historical movies where rollicking and cynical white officers, and then and heroic Soviet military leaders and commanders act.
It about it was written by Mayakovsky:
You think -
is the sun gently
pats on a cheek of cafe?
It to shoot rebels
again the general Galliffet approaches!
To trousers of riding breeches the service jacket - the closed jacket with four pockets and hlyastiky relied still . It is already an idea of the British commander, field marshal John Denton Pinkston Frencha. We too many times saw this style both at cinema, and on ceremonial portraits of military leaders, the generalissimo Stalin and the great helmsman Mao, as well as the great leader Kim Il Sung. Now, of course, such jacket is worn not only by military, and anyone.
The long knitted vest on buttons, would seem - purely female and peace thing. But also it was thought up by the military: lord Kardigan, he is James Bryunell, at the time of the Crimean war. In a knitted jacket under a uniform there was heat and it is convenient, and the lord, probably, well knew history, and did not want to freeze as Napoleon. As the pleasant ladies` jacket, a cardigan became fashionable in 60 - x years of the XX century, in the period of general interest in knitting.
It will be fresh to remind that the Macintosh is not only computer name, but also the rubberized raincoat. The Scottish chemist Charles Macintosh guessed to impregnate fabric with latex (juice of a rubber tree) and received waterproof fabric. This invention or was gradually estimated at once besides by military and secret detectives to whom long time on the street in any weather conditions was necessary to stick out, waiting the subsupervising person. Therefore the raincoat the Macintosh was, as a rule, not striking color, was tightly buttoned and had the rising collar. It is so romantic!
It is interesting that the style a raglan was invented approximately in the same time and too for concealment of consequences of wound too. The general Fitzroy James Henry Somerset the Raglan was wounded in a hand in fight at Waterloo. To hide defect, it thought up a sleeve pattern in a single whole with a shoulder, without seam. This style is still known to us much more, than the general though in his honor the city in New Zealand is called.
From more modern names it is possible to remember jeans Levis, but about them ubiquitous and prolific Yu. Moskalenko
For certain already wrote these are not all names - surnames. But in small article you will not capture everything and still more nothing interesting on this subject comes to mind.]