How to support an exotic animal in house conditions? Turtle.
All turtles belong to group of reptiles. Their general feature is the bone armor which is growing together with vertebras and edges. In total there are 12 families, including fresh-water, overland, sea, marsh and some other versions.
About 230 species of these reptiles are widespread worldwide.
In Russia there are 4 constant views and 2 look sea, swimming away in Far East waters. Turtles live in steppes and deserts, in fresh reservoirs and the seas. Eggs are laid on the land. Meat and eggs of some types are eaten; horn guards of an armor of sea turtles go on various hand-made articles.
22 species of these modest animals are included in the Red List.
Than these peculiar beings are remarkable?
In - the first, a sort them very ancient, they live on Earth from the very beginning of origin of life, and life expectancy at them the biggest - for 300 - 500... Or perhaps and 1000. Who knows, who checked? Who personally saw it?
Turtles - are sluggish also by the sizes small, but they are absolutely safe even for very small children. It is possible to play with them, simply to observe them, it is possible to be photographed with a turtle! Though they such ancient, and such long-livers, but are not proud of it at all, - they have a quiet peaceful temper, they are very much loved by children. And if you buy to yourself to the house this harmless, unpretentious animal how many the delight will be from your kid with what interest he will jump around it with what interest he will consider it!
And now smile! One girl at an exhibition of exotic animals when to it allowed to take a turtle, having perplexed turned it in hands, asked:
- And how at it it is uncovered? I want to stroke it!
By the way, name “ turtle “ came from the word “ skull “ the tortoise shell is a modified frame.
The armor segments which are settling down a ryadochok on its core were once, millions years ago, a backbone, and those that are located from it on each side, were edges. Now we can observe these “ ribs “ grown together and located, as a result of evolution, already outside - as a sheeting. Inside the turtle has bones of no
, - only internals - heart, a liver, kidneys, a spleen and other, - apart from, of course, bones in pads.
The armor protects a reptile from above and from below. Top and is called - “ armor “ and lower is called - “ plastron “. And still, by quantity of segments - guards of an armor it is possible to count how many to a turtle of years, but generally it is a secret. As they say - a turtle it is so much years, on how many she looks.
Turtles can seldom eat, - even once a week, they are desert animals, and can long do in Spartan conditions - without food and water. But if they are fed every day, then they that is surprising, are not refused. Especially they love lettuce leaves. It is remarkable vegetable! Juicy, tasty, gentle. And the whole well of vitamins and minerals for an animal.
Lettuce leaves, it is not obligatory to crush cabbage at all, they are just put in a flat pan or the small pallet and an animal quickly eats greedily an entertainment. Other vegetables and turtle fruit are respected too and with pleasure absorbed fruktovo - the mixed vegetables consisting of any set of vegetables and fruit what only are in your refrigerator at present.
Rough vegetables, such as carrots, it is better to cut or rub small on a grater. The turtle of times - two in a week and will not refuse a spoon - another of cottage cheese.
As a rule, overland turtles need a spacious terrarium that they could move freely in it. The terrarium also is necessary for maintenance of suitable conditions (temperature, humidity, lighting, etc.) and water only in it is mute and can contain.
Necessary and extremely important condition of existence of these thermophilic animals, is existence of additional heating by means of the special lamps established in a terrarium ceiling. Lamps have to burn all day, warming air in a lodge of your pet. Without additional heating of a turtle are doomed to wither and die gradually.
The lamp is established at distance about a half a meter over a terrarium floor. Temperature under it has to be about 30C and it is necessary to arrange it in a corner of a terrarium or over an aquarium island. Other corner (or water) has to be more cool - about 20 - 25C. Surely there has to be an ultra-violet lamp (it also settles down at distance of 50 cm from a floor). It is necessary to use ONLY low-power (about 20 - 30 W) lamps.
But in most cases overland turtles are supported out of a terrarium as not professionals support them. In such cases the death of an animal from the diseases caused by the wrong contents is not excluded. On “ free walking “ they can also suffer and from drafts or from - for physical damages (that is the most probable).
Quite often they are supported just on a floor - they creep on all apartment. It is very interesting to observe how brave overland turtles literally run behind legs when they want to eat. Or go to that room where there are more people, perfectly being guided on hearing (in spite of the fact that it is considered, as if all reptiles deaf). Well remember the place of feeding.
meanwhile if nevertheless to observe some measures, it is possible to do also without terrarium. First of all, the turtle should not be on a rigid cold floor (tiles, etc.) and also on a slippery surface when its claws slide, complicating movement.
A floor has to be pure (lumps of dirt, dust, other garbage it is necessary to clean in due time) because the turtle will eat all that she badly lies. Temperature has to be up to standard 22 - 30C (but not above!) in the afternoon and is a little lower at night. Surely it is necessary to avoid drafts. In the territory where the turtle contains, there should not be narrow manholes where the animal could get stuck (cases, low chairs, beds etc.) . It is possible to protect some corner, or to close a door to the suitable room where there will be an animal.
As for cleaning, in places of keeping of your pet it is impossible to use chemical cleaners. Water in a special pan has to be updated every day. Pans for water and food need to be washed also carefully every day with flowing water. Sometimes and the turtle it is necessary to arrange heat baths or to wash her under the crane, but obligatory warm water.
In the winter the turtle every day several hours should be heated under a lamp (it is necessary to feed already warmed turtle not less, than for an hour before switching off of a lamp), to irradiate with an ultraviolet. In pet-shop it is possible to buy a special lamp of Repti - Glo which combines all range of the beams necessary for an animal. Do not assume that the turtle was in the cold room.
And do not leave a turtle unguarded at all!
At a normal temperature of a turtle are very active, the couple of minutes that they escaped very far sometimes suffices so that it was not found any more. And even if to make the shelter, the turtle can get out (to get or undermine a fence).
is necessary " in the Summer; to walk “ your alumna. It is the best of all to take out it on fresh air where it will be heated under sunshine.
Exotic beauty of desert, and also Central Asian, Greek or steppe turtle would be quite good decoration of a house terrarium. Besides it is peace and manual beings, unlike water krasnoukhy turtles, not absolutely safe for children - (can and pinch for a finger), they are predators and eat meat.
But to their children in hands it is better not to give. About water turtles and, in particular, about a widespread krasnoukhy turtle, there will be a separate conversation since both character, and keeping of this animal differ from those at her overland fellows radically.
If you decide to get an overland turtle at home - desert or steppe, then I wish you, dear readers, joyful and informative communication with this lovely, quiet and interesting animal!]