Rus Articles Journal

What fight is called mother of the Poltava victory ?

Despite the proclaimed sovereignties, Slavic nationalities of the former USSR all are are closely connected among themselves by many historical events. They quite often had to defend independence of the lands in joint fight, helping each other with fight against foreigners.

Here and this battle happened at the beginning of the 18th century in the territory of modern Belarus during Northern war which was waged by Pyotr I to win from Sweden the right of Russia for an exit to the Baltic Sea. However from - for unfinished transformations in the Russian army and inconsistency with allies of an event developed not in advantage of the Russian troops. The army of the Swedish king Karl XII managed to promote deep into Slavic lands, to Ukraine. In its plans there was a campaign to Moscow, it was necessary to wait for a reinforcement only. From Riga to it the case of the general A acted. Levengaupta who carried large supplies of the food and ammunition (7 thousand vehicles) for the main army.

In September, 1708 A. Levengaupt reached Propoysk (nowadays Slavgorod the Mogilev region). Pyotr I made the decision not to allow it to reunite with the main army and to beat off provisions and the weapon. Battle took place on September 28 at the village Forest and continued throughout the day - from 8 o`clock in the morning and to 19 - 20 o`clock in the evening. Russians struck so powerfully that the opponent did not manage to be constructed for reciprocal attack and was forced to recede, having thrown a wagon train, losing people and the weapon. In a course of action 12 - the thousand flying group of Peter I broke 16 - the thousand Swedish case of A. Levengaupt. The huge wagon train with a three-months stock of the food, artillery and ammunition for Karl XII`s army was taken.

No more than 6 thousand connected To the main forces of Karl XII. Swedes lost only 9 thousand soldiers, all artillery, a wagon train. Losses of Russians made 1 thousand persons. Deprivation of the Swedish army of provisions and reinforcements deprived of it an opportunity to realize plans of a campaign to Moscow. This operation was named by Peter I mother of the Poltava fight . (A. A. Danilov. History IX-XIX of Russia of a century. Reference materials.) What is interesting, fight under Lesnoy and the Poltava fight is divided by exactly 9 months (to within one day).

Russians buried only the dead, and the Swedish soldiers and remained to lie on the battlefield. It led to emergence of epidemic of rage that winter in all nearby the district. And only after their remains were collected and buried. Fight under Lesnoy brought glory to Russians and became accident and a shame for Swedes.

By order of Peter I right after the won victory literally for few days the Russian soldiers constructed wooden church in Lesnoy. Its future is interesting. The local landowner later transported 40 years this church to other area, returned it only at the beginning of the XX century. However, it staid not for long: soon it was destroyed by Bolsheviks. From former church only one image from an iconostasis for which at night found escaped up to now and tens of next years were hidden at herself in the house by one local resident.

In 1908, to 200 - summer anniversary of fight, in Lesnoy the monument was put, and then the new brick church - Sacredly - Petro - the Pavlovsk temple is erected. It imitated itself(himself) the Kremlin tower with a bulbar dome and was decorated mosaically of the Kazan Mother of God placed over a main entrance. This icon is a traditional Russian army image.

At the time of the Soviet power the church was used under a collective-farm warehouse, for some time it served for the intended purpose only in days of German - fascist occupation. After World War II the museum russko - the Swedish fight was open here. But by hearsay the real exhibits replaced with models over time. In 1990 - e years, at last, gave church to believers.

However on it its misadventures did not terminate: five years ago in church there was a fire after which it cannot still be put in order from - for lack of money for restoration. Modern experts cannot deal also in any way with system of heating of church which was arranged there hundred years ago. Heating was oven with the whole system of flues, but it is not possible to restore it. In the building temperature is lower, than on the street, and people come to get warm to a porch. However, to anniversary restoration of the temple all are plan to finish.

In September, 2008 300 years to this great battle will be executed. In church there is an exhibition devoted to events and persons in the history Lesnoy. Having climbed an old iron ladder on a belltower, it is possible to examine from above that place where there was a historical battle.

To anniversary it is planned to put in order and the Russian, and Swedish burials, during celebrations - to put the Garden of friendship and a consent. On festivals expect arrival of the Russian delegation, invited also representatives of Sweden. Only when not clearly, whether they will arrive ]