Rus Articles Journal

What ingenious mathematician became the great chemist?

hang On the old buildings of the Kazan university built still Lobachevsky a set of the memorial boards devoted to the scientists working there. On one of them, on the former building of chemical faculty, the name of Nikolay Nikolaevich Zinin is beaten out.

He was born in present Nagorno-Karabakh where his father carried out diplomatic mission. At infantile age by miracle survived when his parents and sisters died during epidemic. It was transported to Saratov to the uncle, but also the uncle soon died. Perhaps, therefore in different sources different dates of its birth - on February 6 and on August 25, 1812 are specified.

In 1830 Zinin arrives on the physicist - mathematical office of philosophical faculty of the Kazan university. Its mathematical abilities were noted by gold medals at the end every year of training. Lobachevsky paid attention to the young student. After the termination of university in 1833 Zinin received degree of the candidate and a gold medal for the provided composition About perturbations of the elliptic movement of planets it was left the teacher at department of physics, and began to teach also mechanics a year later.

In the same years, thanks to efforts of the rector Lobachevsky, the Kazan university violently developed and under construction. By this time Zinin proved to be the brilliant and perspective mathematician. However Lobachevsky suggested it to go in for chemistry: You have great opportunities - if you brilliantly cope with mathematics, will succeed also in chemistry. We have a big need for chemists . Zinin admired Lobachevsky and, reluctantly, did not decide to refuse to him. 1835 Zinin begins to teach

B chemistry, and Lobachevsky for chemical faculty builds the big two-storeyed building with the huge cellar. By the way, in this cellar hundred years later (in 1942) future Kurchatov institute arose. Now very few people know about it.

While the new building is under construction, in 1837 Zinin is appointed the graduated in a military academy of department of chemistry and goes for study the abroad. He visited many laboratories and plants of England, Germany, France and other countries of Europe. Upon return to Russia in 1840 defends the doctoral dissertation. In 1841 Zinin was approved as extraordinary professor of department of chemical technology. He gave also courses on other chemical disciplines (including a special course of analytical chemistry). They shared the new building equipped with the most modern equipment with professor Karl Karlovic Claus who discovered the new chemical element called in honor of Russia ruthenium.

Nikolay Nikolaevich Zinin`s achievements in the field of chemistry are well-known. Even if Zinin would not make anything any more, except transformation of nitrobenzene into aniline, then his name and then would remain written down by gold letters in chemistry history. I will not stop here on discoveries of Zinin, his further career and public work - there is a set of the websites on the Internet.

As if science history changed if Zinin remained a mathematician? All the same the memorial board would be devoted to this ingenious person. Just it would hang on other building of the Kazan university.]