From which of poets Mikhail Bulgakov “ wrote off “ Ivan Bezdomny?
In the night of January 19, 1898, 110 years ago, in Ilya Bezymensky`s family the son named by Alexander was born. However, Bezymensky` family soon moved to Vladimir where on st. 2 - I Nikolskaya, the house 16, there passed the childhood and youth of future poet.
Ilya Bezymensky had the shop, and tried to involve the son in trade. It was pleasant to that or not, but he did not dare to disobey the father, and therefore right after the termination of the Vladimir gymnasium went to the Kiev commercial school. There was it in prerevolutionary 1916, and therefore soon became not before study at all, and Alexander quickly joined group of progressive youth which not only dreamed of the equal future for all segments of the population of Russia, but also the hands paved the way for this break. Same year Bezymensky became the party member of Bolsheviks.
In terrible 1917 Bezymensky comes to Petrograd where becomes one of the first heads of the union of youth of the Russian capital: he is able and likes to act, especially in working collectives where the studied less businessman in a student`s peak-cap was met very hotly. And he, in fact, was brought from the babbling crowd.
When young revolutionaries intended to issue the own newspaper and called it “ Red youth “ Alexander Bezymensky was unanimously chosen as the editor. In - the first, for a voluble tongue and ability to find and inform of a revolutionary essence masses. And, in - the second, for what under the influence of revolutionary reality of the guy pulled on verses. For example, two of its poetic collection “ October dawns “ and “ To the sun “ had success in youth …
But I ran a little forward. After a victory of the Great Socialist revolution, in the organization and which carrying out Bezymensky took the hottest part Alexander is sent to the city of youth - Vladimir where he will organize the first KSM group. Here he publishes the first story in verses - “ Young proletarian “ (Mitya`s Life), the story in verses on how the worker Mitya decided to become a Komsomol member. Of course, verses were obviously not sophisticated, but that they also bribed: the sincerity and strong belief that nobody now not in forces to deliver a barrier to triumphal procession of the Soviet power.
However, Alexander was not the fan fixated only on revolutionary fight. On the contrary, nothing human was alien to it. In 1920 the civil spouse of the poet gave birth to him to the son whom he named Lev. And all - for it revolution, and then a family always was on the first place. Bezymensky liked to write verses, and he responded to any a little - malsk a significant event. Though, you see, even names “ bright “ works of the poet sound it is a little repellent, for example, “ About a " cap; “ About valenoks “ “ How life smells? “.
The proletarian poet and " was delivered; obligatory “ in those days poem “ Vladimir Ilyich Lenin “. However, in literature the poem of Vladimir Mayakovsky of the same name is much better known, but it confused Bezymensky a little. But its poem “ Young Guard “ for many years became the anthem of the Russian youth:
Forward, a dawn towards,
Companions in fight!
Bayonets and a case-shot
we Will lay a way to ourselves!
is more courageous forward, and the step is firmer,
I is higher a youthful banner!
We - the Young Guard
of Workers and peasants... very few people knew
I and guessed that these words were nothing else as the translation of the poem of the young teacher from the German Bremen by the name of Heinrich Arnulf Ayldermann who a little modified the poem 20 - summer Julius Mosen, written in 1823. By the way, Ayldermann published the work in December, 1910 in the " magazine; Arbeiter - Jugend “ (“ Young workers “) .
But honor and praise to Alexander Bezymensky, which “ shoveled “ creation of the German into Russian. There was it in a year of the fifth anniversary of Great revolution.
In the same 1922 other proletarian poet Alexander Zharov, Bezymensky`s colleague in literary group “ Young Guard “ executed other order of the Central Committee of Komsomol and wrote “ children`s “ the anthem, but as it from any language did not translate, at it “ dropped out “ peasants, unlike Bezymensky:
We are pioneers,
Children of workers …
Here so they and lived, proletarian poets, those who are more educated, “ borrowed “ verses at brothers on proletarian fight, those who were not spoiled by languages, wrote something special … to
“ Young Guard “ finally made conceited to Bezymensky, he left from “ Red youth “ also it was entirely given to literary creativity. Wrote surprisingly much, in vain - and how still to call the poem “ Komsomoliya “? Or that after the poem “ Vladimir Ilyich Lenin “ the poem " followed; Felix “ then poem “ Tragical night “ Dneprogesa devoted to construction …
Alexander Lvovich Bezymensky became one of the main prototypes of the poet Ivan Bezdomny in Bulgakov “ Mastere and Margarita “. Here only Bulgakov changed a name and slightly corrected a surname, but all the same many saw Bezymensky in Bezdomny.
We will remember dialogue of the Master and Ivanushki:
“ … Your verses are good, tell?
- Are terrible! - suddenly safely and frankly Ivan said.
- do not write more! - the comer beggarly asked.
- I Promise and I swear! - solemnly Ivan " said;.
was So wanted by Bulgakov. But Bezymensky all the same wrote, with great feeling responding to any event...
In days of the Great Patriotic War Alexander Lvovich was a war correspondent, having begun war at walls of Moscow and having finished it in Prague. But book of verses “ Front notebook “ and remained not really - that known to a wide range of readers. And its post-war works, say, “ The Ballad about a table “ a cycle of satirical verses, though were listened on numerous speeches of the poet, but it is rather out of politeness.
On October 14, 1970 Alexander Bezymensky became the honourable citizen of Vladimir. And on June 28, 1973 died in Moscow. By the way, his son, Lev Aleksandrovich, verses did not play about, but became the writer and the historian. He, as well as the father, very well knew German, became the leading germanist. Professor of Academy of military sciences Lev Bezymensky died quite recently, almost on the same day, as the father, but with a difference in 34 years - on June 26, 2007 …]