What is a ponyova, or the Skirt as determinant of age
That, you do not know what the animal such - a ponyova is? Yes it is the most traditional ladies` prikid - a skirt! Did not hear? And here listen … Ponev`s
in the south of Russia is a piece of checkered fabric which was wrapped around hips and was hitched up on a waist by means of a gashnik - a woolen cord. According to fashion of this or that time (or this or that village) the poneva went down below a waist, or, on the contrary, rose above, under a breast. If to consider that width of the weaving loom was from 35 cm, then becomes clear why the poneva was formed from several panels, usually from 3 - x. From below the poneva was decorated with an embroidery. For example, the Voronezh well-known poneva were sheathed and ornated by very orange embroidery from woolen threads and supplemented with various seams and sockets, spangles... I.e. the poneva is the whole complex of jewelry which covered this detail of women`s clothing.
As for a suit as a complex, at the heart of the Russian national suit there was a shirt. The shirt was worn by children, old women, girls. And already over a shirt depending on what age there was a woman, the corresponding additional details of a suit were put on. In the south it was the poneva (there was even such ceremony - clothing of a poneva which said that the girl could already be prosvatanny), therefore a complex of clothes and was called - ponevny. In some villages of the Penza region women still carry heavy abusive (i.e. woven) poneva.
Ponev three-hollow consisted from 3 - x cloths, color - for example, red, blue, white (well, went, generally, entirely in prototypes of future Russian flag …). The basis for them undertook hempy, and ut? to (cross threads of fabric) was woolen. But it is the external characteristic of clothes. Its internal contents consisted in carefully developed wide patten, abusive podpodolnik. These podpodolnik differed from each other in quantity of the solar, i.e. solar signs sewed on them - erg. The Erga, or a yarga is a most ancient designation of a solar life-giving sign, symbol of energy of life. It is Yarila`s sign, the most ancient Slavic god from whom the earth and all live yaritsya. Erg on a suit there could be an odd quantity, from one to eleven.
The woman carried a poneva throughout all life, but during the different periods its appearance changed. For the first time to a ponev kind, beautiful, eleven erg the young woman put on a wedding. But not at once. Before arrival of matchmakers and the groom the bride put on the first wedding day “ sad “ a dress - to a ponev about 3 - x mespiluses. And only after transition to the house of the husband the young wife changed clothes in a festive poneva. From this point the bride as it is sad, became a woman. And did not remove a poneva until the end of the life any more. During the chadorodny period the woman carried poneva about 11, 9, 7 and 5 mespiluses.
Sooner or later each woman, naturally, loses ability to a child-bearing and from the woman turns into the old woman, was quite so moved to call such women at the Russian people and is frequent it “ to old women “ in Russia 40 years were hardly executed. But generally each woman herself defined this time. And (voluntarily!!!) put on a poneva about 3 - x mespiluses. Closer by 70 years the poneva about one erga was put on. Deep old women carried special, absolutely easy poneva. And the very narrow white ergichesky strip on them was weaved already without any patterns and, therefore, was cheap.
There were for the Russian women special rules of wearing dresses in days of holidays and grief. In the first days of holidays of the woman dressed up in poneva about 9, 11 mespiluses, i.e. in the most beautiful. At a festive poneva width of a branye was wider, paints are more juicy, mnogotsvetny, patterns it is more complex. Having seen off the husband in army, the soldatka carried a sad poneva about 3 - x mespiluses before his return. The widow needed to wear sad clothes and a poneva about one erga all life.
Keeping throughout centuries with love and respect of tradition of ancestors, got a response in the most different details of life, the person can keep himself as spiritual essence, a being, being an element of the nature, space. Our ancestors always knew about it, sacredly observing customs and traditions. It is useful to remember it also to all of us!
Material for article was “ it is overheard “ on “ Radio of Russia “.