Whether needlewomen see the world in a different way?
Without doubts - yes, are approved by art critics. And not only they, but also those who admire and it is bewitched examines their creations. For example, the embroidered products (certainly, executed perfectly and with love).
Art of embroidery was long since appreciated in Russia. Traditions of an embroidery should be looked for in a pre-Christian era. Ornamental sewing was especially popular. The embroidered patterns decorated clothes and household objects and served as peculiar charms from evil forces.
In each family of the woman had to own different types of needlework including an embroidery, and, the family could be rich, poor, middle-income... but women were simply obliged to be engaged in needlework. The wealth of the bride very often was defined by quantity and complexity so-called “ ukras “ - ornaments of the embroidered objects: towels, shirts, scarfs, cloths...
At the yards of princes, boyars, rich sluzhily people in Ancient Russia there were embroidery workshops - front rooms where all women of the house spent the leisure-time. The hostess directed their work, as a rule. Not without reason even in “ Domestic tyranny “ (the Old Russian management) both servants, and hostesses were recommended to know any needlework about the device of a family of the 16th century. We read: “ Whether the Husband will come whether the simple guest, always and the hostess over needlework sat, for that to her honor and glory, and to the husband - a praise “.
Embroidery of various objects on mission for church was considered as the highest virtue: suspended napkins under icons, covers on tombs of Saints, vestments of priests. Such works which are skillfully embroidered with silk, gold and silver threads, pearls and jewels on expensive fabrics often became valuable treasures of church. Embroideresses in monasteries and private workshops owned technology of sewing by multi-colored silks.
Front sewing - rather difficult type of an embroidery. This creation by means of nuances of color of threads and a graphic rhythm of stitches of the special volume image of the person, hands, bodies of the Saint. Art of front sewing came to Russia from the Byzantine tradition and was closely connected with an iconography. Often skilled workers used initial compositions which znamenshchik gave them, i.e. artists are icon painters. But at an embroidery such compositions gained big dimensions and vivacity.
Throughout centuries various methods of zolotny sewing developed, the technology of sewing - prikrep was the most popular. Zolotny threads (this gilded pryadeny silver) stacked over fabric, and then imperceptible stitches of silk threads attached to it. Such equipment carried out so-called vegetable motives, or motives of geometrical character (for example, a fir-tree, a money, towns, pearls etc.) .
Since the 18th century fashionable embroideries a cross, a color smooth surface, beads get into leisure of rich townswomen. Together with new samples of drawings from countries of Western Europe both new plots, and new types of products get to Russia. Embroidered scarfs, tobacco pouches, purses, chimney screens, there are embroidered pictures. Both very young maidens, and secular beauties, and old women hoary with age were engaged in embroidery of pictures. That is why A.S. Pushkin to emphasize exclusiveness of his favourite heroine Tatyana Larina, which “ it is wild, sad, silent “ writes about it in the poem “ Eugene Onegin “ following:
Her coddled fingers
did not know needles.
of Sklonyas on a tambour,
the Pattern silk it
did not recover a cloth.
In the 19th century Russia gradually is flooded with foreign samples and drawings for embroideries, fashionable magazines... So embroidery becomes an integral part of mass culture of the end of XIX - the beginnings of the 20th century. Perhaps, therefore in the first years of the Soviet power city ornamental art and the embroidered picture were referred to the petty-bourgeois phenomena with which severe ideological fight was conducted.
However the embroidery did not die. It developed in ornamental forms of folk art, and new splash in post-war years was rather considerable, and those traditions which still existed began to develop with a new force. It is significant that today two generations of masters work: those who were connected with traditional schools of an embroidery 50 - x years, and the new generation which came to creativity in independently various ways in 90 - e years.
The embroidered picture is the peculiar painting executed by a needle. The embroidered works awaken unprecedented creative growth in people, allow to make the house and the world is cozier and kinder. This type of house creativity allows to look at the world, and also at itself and people around in a different way. You descend in the nearest museum of folk art and feel it on yourself. Do not doubt! - will work.
Material for article was “ it is overheard “ on “ Radio of Russia “.