What did our ancestors write with - drew - drew? The most ancient... Only present
: in inexpressibly far times of people distinguished that leaves a mark on sand, on the earth... Where passed or ran a hand. Then a burned brand drew the line on a wall of a prehistoric cave... the line passed into a flourish... the flourish reminded an image of production - an animal (or something else)...
He repeated and diversified lines and lines... but they were short-lived. (And what if there was a rival who could cross out or erase work?! As it is unpleasant.) But our ancestor was resourceful and inventive: it began to cut on a stone “ autographs “ at first primitive objects, and then more and more exercising the wit and being improved in skill...
This summer in Karelia we, small group “ wild “ vacationers, i.e. without tourist service and other attendants of offers of a civilization, appeared in rather deserted place. And soon after arrival began to examine devoutly on the bank of Syamozero (oh, this such lake that adequately separate story!) boulders which there was a set, in hope not to read even, and at least to see letters as hi from prehistoric it is far.
It is easy to guess that was found by us suitable under the status “ petroglyphs “ signs in such quantity in what only wanted... on the stones, warm from the sun, storing memory of such old, such mysterious and such attractive past... I remember, stroking a rough surface of these Dumb Witnesses of history, I mentally felt surprising feeling of a touch to her, this multilayered, polysyllabic and inscrutable in many respects for human reason of history.
And still, nevertheless, nevertheless! Let`s collect on particles history of an origin written (and writing) accessories. At least fluently.
Cores - klinyshka for the letter on crude clay of ancient shumer, Assyrians, hett, Babylonians... Stilosa (the pointed sticks) of antique Greeks and Romans are starinneyshy objects. One end of a stilos was pointed (to them wrote on the wax plates making the whole books), another - rounded off (for the smoothing which is earlier written).
Celts, Germans, Slavs cut out a knife or burned out the heated needle on plates the treasured runes. And on birch bark who only did not leave marks a pricker or paints which became ink subsequently! In any case rusich (we will render thanks the expeditions V. Yanina which collected a rich collection of birchbark manuscripts!) worldwide, it appears, it was accepted to write on bark of our favourite tree. For example, antique historians Dion Kassy and Gerodian, according to the encyclopedia “ Krugosvet “ mentioned records on it.
The American Indians in the valley of Connecticut called certain trees “ paper birches “. At last, in “ To the Song About Gayavat “ Longfello is readable (having used I. Bunin`s translation):
From a bag it took out paints,
of All flowers he took out
I paints on smooth on
birch bark made secret signs,
Marvellous both figures, and signs … Much brush
A?! Egyptians drove them according to the papyrus, Chinese - on silk, and then and on paper, them and invented. And even small knots narrated written stories (these small knots were called “ to kip “) : Inca, for example, Aztecs.
It was so long ago! But even in volume far people are far felt need for communication. The right, their inventions gave us a lot of things. They narrate about that life, customs and beliefs; give an idea of evolution. Besides, are a link of connection between generations and the people in the general concept which should be valued - mankind.
We will be worthy those efforts that was undertaken by our far forefathers that we remembered the beginnings and carried in the future, to descendants, the best of what we can acquire.
About stories of the invention of a pencil it is possible to read here.]