Rus Articles Journal

Where it is possible to see one of remarkable relics, a petroglyphic face of Christ?

Everything is very simple: it is necessary to reach by any kind of transport Armavir, Stavropol, Nevinnomyssk or Mineralnye Vody. From there it is very easy to reach by buses or share taxis at first to the capital of Karachaevo - Circassia, Cherkessk, and further, through the village Zelenchukskaya, to get to the resort settlement the Arkhyz.

In woody mountains of Western Caucasus the fan was stretched it is unique the beautiful gorges leaving to a snow ridge of Greater Caucasus Range. From transcendental tops and glaciers crystal streamlets and small rivers flow down. One of them do not hurry: blue eyes of lakes they long consider the broken world of wild rocks. Others, impatient, hang in the gorge the ringing falls at once. Having gathered below, any more without stopping, they run through the Alpine meadows, through the woods and valleys, having incorporated purity of mountain air, cold of ices, white boiling of the blossoming rhododendrons, a smell of the ripened wild strawberry and thoughtfulness of seven hundred-summer giants of firs. Inflows merge to two already big rivers - Psysh and Kizgych who then, at the small mountain settlement with the romantic name Arkhyz form the Big Zelenchuk who is violently bearing to Kuban unusual zelyono - blue waters.

Ridges about the valley reach on average 2500 m of height and reliably protect it from winds including cold northern that creates the special conditions which are characterized by small overcast, a large number of sunny days, dryness of air, lack of strong winds. Air temperature of the warmest month in the Arkhyz is equal to 24,8 C, and the cold - 5,8 C. There is no exhausting heat and burning frosts. In Arkhyz there is a lot of sun. In the North Caucasus it is called clarity pole .

The Arkhyz surpasses such known resorts as Kislovodsk and Davos in quantity of cloudless sunny days, and thanks to a high voltage of solar radiation average annual temperature in Arkhyz on 1 - 2 degree is higher, than in the Swiss Davos. The winter is solar, snow, healthy, soft and fantastically beautiful. About four months last in the settlement, beginning in the second half of November.

More than one thousand years ago through the Arkhyzsky valley there passed the northern branch of the Great silk way to China. Here in the X-XI centuries there was a capital of the Alansky state and the religious center of the Alansky diocese. In the territory of the ancient settlement three Christian temples of the 11th century remained so far.

To the Ancient settlement Nizhny Novgorod Arkhyz in Karachaevo - Circassia many years the flow of pilgrims is directed.

In recent years it sharply increased: opposite to the average arkhyzsky temple Christ`s face written by paints on a rocky surface is found.

A face origin - a real riddle! Even it is simple to climb up a mountain steep slope feasibly not to everyone, especially to arrange an art workshop there. And, not our contemporaries, but Jesus`s admirers living in the far Middle Ages made it: the analysis of the soskob of ochre taken from an icon allowed to date back to its 9th century.

In the Byzantine empire from which through the Caucasian ridge along the mountain river Big Zelenchuk the ancient road into Kuban proceeded the elements of iconoclasm at that time stormed. Violent emperors equated colourful images of the Lord and Saints to idols and ruthlessly destroyed them. Perhaps escaping for anger of imperious iconoclasts, to Nizhny Novgorod Arkhyz the Christians who were not recognizing such heresy ran. Therefore - that, is visible, they so reliably hid the image from casual eyes.

The ascetic stern face with hollow cheeks most of all reminds the shape of the crucified Christ which imprinted on the Turin shroud. In the world more there are no similar masterpieces of a petroglyphic iconography anywhere. It is indisputable that in the North Caucasus the relic appeared.

One of the most remarkable in the modern world!

Today to a face it is possible to scramble on a steep slope, holding hands the cable which is carefully attached by someone to trunks of pines.

History for certain knows only two cases of wonder-working impact of a rocky icon on people. But what! The woman, having stood at an icon, felt that for the first time for many years it was released by knee pain. Having been delighted, it returned with the old man here - the father, chairbound long ago. As it dragged it on zakorka to Christ Redeemer`s face, it is difficult to present. But it is known that he went down independently. And here fatally sick, having risen to a face, began to ask the Lord to stop his tortures. And directly here, at a rocky ledge, died. It was necessary to call rescuers to return a body down.

There are also others miracles in these remarkable places.

In Arkhyz there is a special astrophysical observatory, largest in Russia, as a part of which huge, the biggest in Europe, the optical telescope with a diameter of mirror of 6 meters.

Behind the village the Top Ermolovka, without reaching 24 kilometers to the Top Arkhyz, at a foot of the mountain of Pastukhov, the remarkable, shining light and purity settlement - Nizhny Novgorod Arkhyz was located. In the Campus as if descended from pictures about Switzerland, astronomers - research associates of CAOPAH - Special astrophysical observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences live and work. It is one of the few domestic centers in which land astronomical observations in all the range of electromagnetic radiation, with use of the largest telescopes of the world are made.

On the suburb of the village of Zelenchukskaya the structure in the form of a huge bowl is located, like stadium is RATAN - 600 - Radioteleskop Academies of Sciences, figuratively speaking a radio window in the Universe. The main ring antenna is made by 895 aluminum boards combined with high precision. Diameter of the antenna - 600 m. On RATAN - 600 the radio emission of the Sun, stars, fogs, far galaxies is studied. In the class of antennas it still is unsurpassed.

The main optical telescope of observatory - the Big Telescope Altazimutalny (BTA) with a diameter of mirror of 6 m and weighing 42 tons without frame (in a frame 84 tons). The weight of all telescope is 600 tons. It is located on one of spurs of the mountain of Pastukhov, at the height of 2070 m Eye planets it is established in a tower 53 m high and with a diameter of 44 m. The optical mirror of BTA collecting a million times more than light than a human eye, in combination with the data-acquisition equipment sensitive even to single quanta of light, allows to find and study extremely weak and far objects of the Universe.

Long since the Arkhyz is known for fine mountain medical climate. In general climate it is moderate here - continental. It toniziruyushche affects a human body. The purest mountain air and total absence of allergens promote effective treatment of allergic diseases, chronic pulmonary diseases and functional violations of nervous system.

Thanks to a variety of natural beauty the Arkhyz has fine opportunities for active recreation: walking routes, rafting, horse rounds, catching of a trout.

Now you know that one of wonders of the world is located exactly here.

Come to Arkhyz. You have an opportunity to be convinced of it!]