Rus Articles Journal

How the profession gives rise to creativity? The anthropology in an art carving of

One professor - the anthropologist who has besides scientific degree of the psychologist, is a member of the Russian Writers` Union and is awarded by Albert Schweitzer`s medal from UNESCO, owing to the irrepressible creative beginning was fond also of an art carving, at first on a tree once, and then - on a mamontovy bone. And all bases, it is equal as knowledge and subtleties, mastered independently, without teachers and special courses.

But as its main specialty - anthropology, the most extensive author`s collection is devoted to myths of people of the world. It includes 23 miniatures in which legends about progenitors, gods, spirits and the heroes occurring in ancient civilizations of Africa, Asia, Europe and America are displayed.

From this collection I can acquaint you with several works today.

Here, for example, Great Inka, divine father of the people of the same name. Near it - patrons of tribes (in different foreshortenings it is possible to make out in the forefront that anthropomorphous being from a-headed sacred bird, a sacred Jaguar). Everything that was is connected with this praroditelsky person, was called sacred - and in any way differently.

And in hands of the God - that staff that was too sacred because Great Inka presented it for performance by the besides of sacred will to the first terrestrial an inka to Manko Kapak and his sister - the wife Mama Oklyo: this magic wand could point by it to the best place for construction of the capital of future state of Inca - Empire of the Sun.

Other miniature devoted to the Karelian`s plot - the Finnish epos Kalevala , the moment when the old woman Loukhi tries to select a wonderful mill of Sampo which was shaped by the smith Ilmarinen according to its requirement reflects to marry the sorcerer`s daughter, and then together with heroic characters - the wise man - kantelisty Vyaynemyoynen and young, sometimes the unrestrained soldier Lemminkaynen stole for the good and for luck to the people .

The Hettsky mythology is represented in this collection by God Grozy of the city of Hattus depicted in battle with the terrible enemy of the people - Illuyankaya`s dragon. Behind shoulders of the defender of hett - onions, in the left hand - a lightning, in right - the sacred fighting axe, and on the head - a two-headed eagle, a symbol which passed then into culture of Byzantium and Russia.

The plot with stealing of the sun is presented in many legends ancient (or divine fire). At the people of Chukotka it was considered to be that they got it thanks to the Raven which stole a star from an evil ghost of Night.

Together with the sun of Crows bears to people the harpoon made of the particles of a morzhovy bone fastened among themselves (which number contained more than two tens) - the tool, the whistle defiant catalepsy at an animal.

The evil ghost of Night in a pursuit of the Raven is accompanied by the grieved Fox, it is much more convenient to them to dissemble and steal in the dark, and therefore is unprofitable that people had light. Here it also grasped sadly with paws a muzzle: whether wipes a tear?

In the Indian mythology the emergence plot near Brahma - the highest deity which did not create the world, and developed it from itself, the heavenly maiden - the apsara having, naturally, magic force is known. It appeared at Brahma serially from four (nonrandom) parties, and at that the new head turned just to this part of the world right there grew.

When the apsara flew up over Brahma, at him on a darkness the fifth head grew, but it was chopped off by the got angry Shiva (who also was represented by five-sided).

But Shiva then had to pray for forgiveness even ten thousand years a sin of attempt at the divine fellow.

Here such short excursion ,
which it is impossible to finish, without having told the name of the author.
I Call
: Alexey Evgenyevich Nagovitsyn.
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