What is the artist Malyavin interesting by?
Philip Andreevich Malyavin was born in the village of the Cauldron of the Logachevsky volost of the Buzuluk County of the Samara province (nowadays - the Totsky region of the Orenburg region). It occurred 10 on October (22), 1869 in a poor illiterate country family … Having died on December 23, 1940, the famous artist left the big heritage which is still not studied thoroughly and - destiny which it is possible to call a creative and spiritual feat.
Since the childhood, selflessly being fond of drawing and not knowing about what does, he make-shifts - pieces of coal, bits of pencils, self-made brushes - on the same improvised bases - an oven, walls, boards, canvas tents - created portraits of fellows villager, landscapes, drew animals, panoramic battle scenes, comic situations from peasantry life. The molding of amusing toys from clay was its one more art entertainment - future artist was engaged in it on the bank of the small river where he bathed, sunbathed and caught fish and crayfish with a band of the age-mates.
In early youth Philip tested the first love and insuperable thirst for knowledge and to travel, to art. It was promoted by the educated family of the local priest where the beginning artist was accepted on the friendly rights.
In Philip`s family there were no funds for the real study, earnings did not help to raise necessary money and somehow to solve a problem, it was necessary even to beg on the neighboring villages, and peasants willingly gave a monetary handout on sacred as they considered, business. And the monk Korablin not only suggested idea that young talent should study in the Athos monastery (in Greece), but also promoted its sending to an icon-painting workshop much and personally accompanied to the monastery where Malyavin comprehended God, a strict monastic way of life and sacrament of painting of icons.
Icons of the young artist were considerably allocated against other works in a workshop, and soon transferred him to art artel which was engaged in a list of churches. Here, among desperate envious persons, Philip nearly died, falling from the high woods filed especially for him by artful dushegubets. Malyavin returned to an icon-painting workshop, and soon went to a visit home. On hands it had a package of the instruction and the petition for release from a soldatchina.
Art helped Philip Andreevich to avoid a hard, dreary soldier`s share. The military chief in. Buzuluk, deciding destiny of the artist, was a fan of horses, and received from Malyavin as a gift such “ three “ on a canvas that in admiration right there exempted the young man from a compulsory military service forever.
And here - again Athos. The artist is eager to study, draws from life, on an open-air much, and there is no real satisfaction … And in December, 1881 there is an event which abruptly changed all his life. The famous sculptor Beklemishev, traveling abroad, arrived to Athos to examine architecture, a sculpture and painting of monasteries and churches. Here he became interested in Malyavin`s works and right there suggested to study in imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg.
And again Holy Russian Fathers helped Philip Andreevich, having given feasible monetary help for training in Academy, with a condition on the end of study to return to the monastery. The guide`s distances to St. Petersburg.
When Philip came back home from St. Petersburg, it began to prepare strenuously for the forthcoming entrance examination in Academy, but before the departure the monetary problem again sharply proved. And again peasants helped out. At a village assembly the clerk wrote and read the document under the name “ The Temporary discharge sentence for receipt in educational institution on painting science “. 169 peasants from whom competent turned out only 7 approved the document, certified, and for illiterate Alexey Dronsky undersigned. All disorders were solved, all class obstacles are overcome, and in September, 1892 Malyavin successfully passed examination and was admitted to Academy of Arts.
The academy disaccustomed Malyavin to monastic habits, gave the expanded general education and attached to the world of artists who noted superior native wit and greedy thirst of Philip Andreevich for art and science. And Malyavin went dear innovator - defiantly broke outdated traditions and norms. In Academy Philip Andreevich became the pupil and the friend of the famous artist I. E. Repin with whom later repeatedly went on etudes in native to the Cauldron. The first exhibitions, the first medals for creativity - all this in Academy.
And then there was creative life in the village of Aksinyino of the Ryazan province. To Athos it did not return as a church grant to it it was refused. Since 1906 Philip Andreevich is the academician of painting. In 1918 - moving to Ryazan where its first personal exhibition took place. In two years Malyavin lived and worked in Moscow where at the initiative of A. V. Lunacharsky got acquainted with V. I. Lenin, was in the Kremlin and created a number of the known works devoted to the leader of the world proletariat.
“ Malyavin is the genius, Malyavin - talent and the master, Malyavin is a philosopher … “ - approximately his mentors, teachers, colleagues and admirers of high talent so spoke of the artist. The main subject of works - a subject of the Russian peasant. Only its works “ Laughter “ and “ Whirlwind “ stunned the audience with violence of paints, the wide movement, beauty and daring of the Russian nature. And the artist created tens of pictures, hundreds of etudes and drawings.
In 1922 F. A. Malyavin with a family went abroad. There it had to face with “ the depressing immorality and inspirituality “. There he declared once: “ Out of the Homeland - there is no art “. There he visited fascist prison. Abroad seriously ached and died, and his close relatives cheap sold out picturesque cloths therefore the most part of a creative heritage of the artist is in the known museums of the world. But also works of the famous artist from peasants are exposed and stored in Russia, in the most known museums of the country.]