Which of the Soviet marshals was sent “ in a stock “? Part II. Stalin marshal. The Great Patriotic War A. E. Golovanov met
by the lieutenant colonel, the commander of a dalnebombardirovochny regiment of a special purpose. Strong got to a regiment. Used, as well as all dalnebombardirovochny aircraft at the beginning of war not to destination, and for a zatykaniye of holes in the afternoon and without cover, the regiment suffered terrible losses. But against other parts caused a stir. His commander not for long went the lieutenant colonel. More definitely did not go, and flew and personally directed performance of fighting tasks.
In August, 1941 the colonel A. E. Golovanov becomes the commander of an aviation division, the subordinate Stavke of VGK. The division in 1941, besides with personal participation in operations of the commander, bombed Berlin, Konigsberg, Danzig, Ployeshti. Results of fighting departures of a division prove that Golovanov was not for nothing appointed her divisional commander.
The following step of a meteoric career - the commander of aircraft of distant action. To this structure it was transformed to the dalena - bombing aircraft. The essence of transformations was subordinate Stavke`s ADD of VGK.
Having entered command of ADD in March, 1942, the general - the major A. E. Golovanov without delays received the next ranks, and in August, 1944 to it the military rank of the chief marshal of aircraft, highest in his pit, is given. That month to the newly made chief marshal 40 years were executed.
“ Loud in the years of war and nowadays almost forgotten name - ADD... It and heroic, on a limit technical and on the verge of self-sacrifice, night raids of 1941 - go and 1942 - go years to Berlin; and powerful blows to railway junctions, reserves and first line of the opponent; and V. M. Molotov`s delivery to negotiations to England and the USA over warring Europe and Atlantic; and the help It is national - a liberation army of Yugoslavia; and tens of thousands of transported guerrillas, and “ special operations “. Threads of the direct management of exclusively diverse fighting work … conducted to Moscow, to the ancient most beautiful Petrovsky palace, in A. E. Golovanov`s office with the huge card on a wall and a view from windows on the Central airfield... “ The glorified expeditious association in the preface to A. E. Golovanov`s memoirs is So characterized.
The leader of all people appreciated the promoted worker. In March, 1946 in Georgiyevsky the hall brought together for photography big group of marshals, generals and admirals - deputies of the Supreme Council of the USSR. Stalin called up to himself Golovanov standing somewhere behind and personally seated him in the first row where there were only 12 commanders, starting with G. K. Zhukov and K. K. Rokossovsky.
To the end of war only three persons had a rank of the chief marshals of types of military forces - the chief marshal of artillery N. N. Voronov, the chief marshals of aircraft A. A. Novikov and A. E. Golovanov. But after a victory the need in firm and independent military heads disappeared. All three were removed from the held posts.
This fate comprehended A. E. Golovanov in 1948. He ceased to order ADD more in the life of the posts corresponding to a high military rank did not borrow. And in August, 1953 it was sent by the new country leaders to a stock. The only marshal in the history of the USSR who was comprehended by such destiny.
In disgrace there were Zhukov, Konev, Vasilevsky, Rokossovsky. But nobody dismissed them, they remained the acting marshals. The admiral of Fleet of the Soviet Union N. G. Kuznetsov was dismissed, but previously lowered in a rank to vice-the admiral.
The reasons and even a reason for Golovanov`s degrading were not. The new country leaders led by N. S. Khrushchev tried to be demarcated completely with the period of a cult of personality. The bright Stalin marshal in this situation was just necessary and sent nobody to pension.
Till 1966 the marshal of a stock worked in a modest position of the deputy chief of State Research and Development Institute of Civil aviation, in the last years of life worked on memoirs. To it was what to tell.
But memoirs did not let out. Infinite coordination constantly slowed down release of the book, party controllers suggested the author to reduce descriptions of events and to alter an assessment of the facts. And after the expressed unwillingness to mention in the narration a surname of L. I. Brezhnev Golovanovu, to the only thing among the Soviet military leaders, in general it was refused the publication of memoirs.
Only in 1997, twenty two years later after death of the author, Voyenizdat published A. E. Golovanov`s memoirs under the name “ Notes of the commander of ADD “ in the reduced option and with a scanty circulation of 600 copies. The unabridged edition of his memoirs was issued only in 2004. They the last of memoirs of commanders of the Great Patriotic War came to the reader. Such is their destiny.]