Who most longer carried a marshall rank?
“ Each soldier in a satchel has the marshal`s baton “ - Napoleon said. However, the history truth that the soldier millions, and marshals become units. by
About the epic hero Budennom put songs, movies are shot, books are written.
He lived long life, was a participant of many historical events, it most longer carried Marchal`s rank of the Soviet Union, besides, it three times the Hero of the Soviet Union, three times the National hero awarded with the Honourable revolutionary weapon, he is buried in the place of honor - among leaders - at the Kremlin wall.
The hero of civil war he was made by a horse: a cavalry and horses were his life. He one thousand times could die to young people - was always a reckless and brave soldier. But the destiny preserved and stored it, having measured full ninety years of a peculiar life.
Semyon Budenny was born on April 13, 1883 on the farm of Kozyurin, the Salsk district of area of Army of Donskoy (the modern Rostov region). From the cradle, as all a kazachata, lived in the atmosphere of love and respect for a horse - to the fellow soldier and the supporter. Skills of communication with horses were strongly put since the earliest childhood too.
Semyon Budenny left conscription service in a cavalry regiment which trustee was a king Danish Christiaan IX. As the best equestrian, Budenny were sent to St. Petersburg in the Higher cavalry officer school, to year courses for the lowest ranks. In this special educational institution it comprehended horsemanship at James Fillis. Was also one of the best in the release.
In Russia James Fillias appeared in St. Petersburg with Chinizelli`s circus in the fall of 1897, having created a furor on the horses. Soon work with horses in the Russian Imperial Court stable was charged to it for test of its system. Results were brilliant for what Phillis it was awarded Most highly the order to St. Stanislav 3 degrees. Since 1898 Phillis works at the St. Petersburg Officer Cavalry school. Fillis`s views progressive for those times on a vyzdka of horses received reflection in the Russian military charters and manuals. Its book “ Bases of a dressage and driving “ for the first time left in Russian in 1901 and sustained a number of reprintings (the last in 1941) became the reference book of several generations of the Russian and Soviet cavalrymen and athletes.
Year of study at school of the old man Fillis bore fruit - Budenny became the real master of riding, took priority on regular reviews in equestrian vaulting, a fancy riding, jumps through a horse - could “ to jump “ at once through six.
Besides, learned to leave horses for officers of a regiment that brought in the additional income.
Semyon zealously saved money for the dream - wanted to get stud after service. Dreamed to become the real konezavodchik.
Historical events demanded to make a choice. Overthrow of autocracy, October revolution, establishment of the Soviet power, civil war. Very many cavalrymen, Fillis`s pupils, began to battle for rescue of the fatherland from the Bolshevism, supported the white movement.
Budenny from first months of Civil war in turmoil and confusion knocks together horse group and participates in establishment of the Soviet power in the Caucasus and Kuban. Similar commanders of similar military formations there were hundreds. Not all were lucky. Not all could orient in a situation. Many were lost in dust of battles. Budenny proved as the resolute commander able to achieve from the group of performance of any task set by command. It was noticed by the revolutionary administration which set these tasks. In fights for the Crimea and Don with Mamontov and Wrangel`s armies horse connections of Budenny often were the decisive military force of Councils. Quite often skillful actions of a cavalry brought a victory. Good luck steadily accompanied the dashing rider. Under it six horses were killed. It remained is whole.
On November 17, 1919 the Revolutionary Military Council makes the decision to unite separate horse groups in uniform formation. It is created 1 - I am Cavalry. And the commander appointed him, Semyon Budenny though it was enough applicants. Someone was wounded, someone was killed. And someone also just was not such lucky. Fighters of the commander called
“ father Semyon “. As called any ataman of horse group. Moustaches with a small growth gave to the cavalryman of impressiveness, expressiveness, bravery. Budenny always thought of them much. When his younger brother grew similar and became similar to the commander, Semyon scissors cut off them and declared: “ Budenny in cavalry has to be one! “ Moustaches became the integral component of an image of the dashing commander.
In 1918 Cossacks presented to Budenny of a horse with a dashing habit and a proud name - Kazbek. the Marshal remembered
the fighting horse: “ I with gratitude accepted a gift: what cavalryman will refuse a magnificent horse? On this stallion I won all civil. Belief and the truth it served me to the most death. He became the main horse in my cavalry life though I went by many “.
And in a difficult situation of a wartime Budenny attentively looked narrowly at all horses getting to the field of his sight. A skilled look it, happened, managed to make out signs of high breed in the exhausted, dirty horse.
On November 21, 1935 the first assignment of a rank of Marshall of the Soviet Union took place. The highest military rank K. E. Voroshilov, A. I. Egorov, M. N. Tukhachevsky, V. K. Blyukher and S. M. Budyonny were awarded. Three in two years were shot. Voroshilov and Budenny began to direct Red Army.
Character forms circumstances, or circumstances create destiny?
Whether Stalin on the whim created system, or it such Stalin was necessary for kompartiyny system for the birth? And the helpers who are treated kindly by system marshals. To build a bastion of military communism, it was necessary to cut down all dissent, to destroy all who wanted to have own opinion and asserted the right for it. Gradually and inevitably from acquiescence of all in society became a norm - who is not bent, that breaks and disappears...]