As Russia took a place of honor in “ orchestra “ European powers?
To Peter the Great Russia was the backward barbarous country which had doubtful political and economic value in Europe.
“ … The captain fighting with corsairs and pirates of all seas quietly looked from top to down at the long, ridiculous young man in the clumsy boat, on the tsar of barbarians … Also he glanced from top to down where - nibud on Madagascar, on the Philippine Islands, having ordered to load guns with a case-shot … “
After Peter the Great Russia - the powerful empire occupying one of key places in the European policy.
“ And on walks the girl saw crowds of unfortunate Germans more than once; they went along Oder to the sea that by the shtettinsky ships to float further.
- Where aspire these infinite crowds of people?
- About! - the father answered. - These are unfortunate and poor in Germany which dream to become rich and happy in Russia.
- Really in Russia for all will have enough place?
- This country is boundless.
- is Also rich?
- It is fantastically rich, my child...
Russia a magic dream entered consciousness Fick! “
Along with creation of strong army and fleet and europeanization of the country, one of the most important merits of Peter I is increase in a role of Russia on the international scene. All countries of Europe had to reckon with opinion of St. Petersburg since then and even got to some dependence on Russia. I want to understand this article by means of what levers Peter the Great managed to put Russia in one row with France, Austria and Great Britain (then the most powerful powers).
1. Diplomacy . Critical point after which Russia got diplomatic weight in Europe is the Poltava fight. After it Denmark which are already crushed by Swedes, Saxony, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and also keeping before a neutrality Prussia Brandenburg and Hanover declared war of Sweden. Russia became the leader of the block of the European states and came to the forefront in the region of the Baltic Sea. Signed defensive contracts with many of the specified countries of Russia. The Baltic countries, in turn, had contracts with England, France or Austria. And, thus, when carrying out the foreign policy great European powers had to be guided since then and by Russia.
Besides, at Peter the Great for the first time in Russia the constant diplomatic service controlling the international relations in Europe was created. And an exit to the Baltic Sea provided a continuous communication with the European countries (to an outlet to the sea of Russia it was difficult to conduct diplomacy because the only way to Europe passed through the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and with it there were not always friendly relations).
An indicator of success of diplomatic policy of Pyotr is that Russia actively participates since then practically in all large European conflicts.
2. Armed forces. After the end of Thirty years` war of 1618 - 1648 the Swedish army was considered as the strongest in Europe. However after the Poltava fight this privilege passed to the Russian army. Thus, the defensive alliance with Russia provided considerable military advantage to the allied power.
Seven years` war of 1757 - 1763 when dazzling successes of the Prussian king Frederick the Great in fight against Austria and France were nullified after the introduction in war of the Russian Empire is in this regard especially indicative.
3. Dynastic marriages . In 17 - 18 centuries the dynastic policy of the European countries had huge value. However in Russia to Peter the Great it was accepted to choose wives for monarchs among the Russian boyars. Petr, wishing that Russia strongly grew into political system of Europe, began to pursue the dynastic policy. So, Petr`s daughter Anna Petrovna was married to the golshtinsky prince; Petr`s niece Anna Ioannovna - for the kurlyandsky duke; and other his niece, Ekaterina Ioannovna - for the duke Meklenburzhsky. Spouses of Russians tsareven had dynastic communications with other royal houses of Europe and, thus, the subsequent Russian emperors and empresses found numerous related communications with monarchs of the European powers.
This policy bore fruit. For example, Kurland and Golshtiniya send to structure of the Russian Empire (Golshtiniya at Catherine II was conceded to Denmark). The Russian emperor Peter III had the rights both on golshtinsky, and into Swedish, and on the Russian throne. Catherine II had related communications with the Prussian king Frederick the Great, and also had the cousin to the Swedish king Gustav III. This circumstance provided tranquility in the north of the empire during the first Ekaterina`s war with Turkey.
4. Economy. it is amusing, but since Russia left to the sea, some sea powers got to economic dependence on it. The wood, a canvas, fat went for export in large quantities. In Great Britain and the Netherlands trade with Russia was considered as key point of the economic relations. A set of trade agreements were signed. And the trade agreement is, in some measure, the political contract.]