How protect money from falsification? Which of you remembers
, than the counterfeit chervonets of times of the USSR differed from the present note? Will not keep itself to wait for the answer long. Each of you will answer with a smile that on counterfeit chervonets V. I. Lenin was represented in a cap.
About it all though nobody and ever in eyes saw false chervonets know. And, if not this comic difference of the image of the proletarian leader hardly anyone then could distinguish the false note from real. All degrees of protection of bank notes criminal talents were reproduced at the top level.
Alas, the technology of protection of money always followed inventive handymen of their illegal production. History of this criminal craft is curious. Having glanced in the book of the German historian Helmut Vermush, we learn that each country in own way protected and continues to protect the money. Austria, for example, printed in due time guldens the two-colourful press with a relief stamping on edge. At the same time even simple storage of tools for the relief press was punished by the death penalty.
In 1799 American Jacob Perkins patented a method which essence was reduced to the fact that instead of simple ornaments and drawings complex art compositions, portraits and pictures were represented. The Austrian banker Franz von Zaltzman who advised on banknotes of naked ladies suggested to draw the most original way of protection. “ Presence on money of a nudity, - was reasoned by the banker, - will force the person to consider more attentively money, and the fake will not escape a trained eye “. Also it is necessary to recognize that thanks to this thoughtless council the Austrian banknotes, up to transition to euro, were decorated with half-naked goddesses and naiads.
Original bank treasury notes, whether it be the American dollar, euro, Russian ruble or the twenty-hryvnia Ukrainian note, thanks to specific properties of paper of which they are made possess a characteristic crunch. He at forgeries, as a rule, is not. Therefore production so-called “ monetary " paper; is under the most strict state control. The congress of the USA adopted the special law under which the possession and storage of similar paper which are not confirmed with the powers received from the U.S. Government are punished by imprisonment for a period of fifteen years. The composition of paper is constantly improved. So, today the Russian notes maintain four thousand excesses and are not afraid of nineteen chemical reactants.
With the advent of computers, especially color laser printers, falsification of bank notes extremely became simpler. Therefore it is necessary to enter new technologies of protection. Insert metalgraphic strips, a polymeric thread into notes. And still counterfeiters break these barriers. To leave on a step forward counterfeiters, four years ago in the USA multi-colored twenty-dollar bank notes with a background in the form of a portrait of Andrew Jackson painted in peach color, and the image of a national symbol of freedom located to the left of it - the flying eagle without plumage on the head were put into circulation. But whether it for a long time will be enough?
And what happens today to metal coins? According to experts, metal euros are most forged today. Few years ago the Italian police in vicinities Turin found private “ mint “ where three hundred thousand euros in coins of one and two euros were withdrawn. And still almost as much ready metal forms.
However in protection of the coins of all “ surpassed “ Israeli Mint. Such sloppiness was reached by nobody yet. Very few people know that experts found recently amazing mistake which was made in an inscription on absolutely, apparently, the infallible desyatishekelevy coin made on the state mint.
The famous specialist in Judaic graphics Tsion Isor considers that the inscription on the ancient Judaic coin represented on a modern desyatishekelevy coin does not correspond to the exact writing accepted in Hebrew.
According to other historian, the archeologist Gabriel Barkai, the inscription on a modern coin is copied from an ancient coin in half-shekel which was in circulation to times of fight of Jews against Romans. He says that when transferring an ancient inscription on a modern coin numerous mistakes which could be avoided if the bank of Israel addressed experts in paleography and a tekstovedeniye in time were made. However the historical irony is concluded that chasers of a mint recreated an inscription which decorated many centuries the coins made by counterfeiters of ancient times back. Probably, the root of vicissitudes of life of a desyatishekelevy coin is concealed here. In Israel she is especially esteemed among counterfeiters and holds championship in fakes.]