Whether the best-known humpback of the Middle Ages invented soap?
on January 5, 1538, 470 years ago when in Europe the next epidemic of plague, on Hugo - the West of Germany , in the historical Area of Swabia raged , the patent for the invention of special soap was granted. It was welded by Philip Teofrast Paracelsus and its creation intended for fight against plague.
To admit, I also first began to doubt in whether there were patents, in full understanding of this word 470 years ago? As it appeared, were. The first of them appeared in 1474 in the Venetian Republic when the decree according to which it was necessary to report about the inventions realized in practice to the republican authorities, for the purpose of prevention of use of inventions by other persons was issued. Period of validity of the patent made 10 years.
Thus Paracelsus quite could consider himself as the inventor of soap. Much later historians dug out a number of the interesting facts. In particular, at soap, as well as at elephants, it appeared at once a little “ historical “ homeland. One scientists consider that it appeared in ancient Rome , others point that the earliest description of soap manufacture is revealed on Sumer plates dated 2500 BC. The third refer on Pliniya Starshego , been born in the 23rd year AD In a word, how many people - are so much also opinions.
But anyway, Paracelsus`s soap with special bactericidal additives for the first time began to be used not so much for washing how many for destruction of causative agents of diseases. Naturally, those that were on a skin surface, in particular, on hands.
The fact that this product was invented by Teofrast Paracelsus was a destiny sign. It, artful, was unfair to future best-known doctor of Renaissance, excuse for a pun, since the birth.
Philip was born on November 10, 1493 in the Swiss town of Aynzideln in a family of rather poor doctor Wilhelm Gogengejm. If not the father, we would never learn about Philip. The child`s mother, having seen the newborn, nearly went crazy: huge head, small little body and impressive hump. She only managed to whisper to the husband: “ Make with it something, I do not want it to see more! “ also fainted. If not the doctor, but the ordinary peasant was a father of the boy, the baby would be drowned just in the river. But Wilhelm was firm: “ This is God sends us test. If was born - has the right for life! “. And that the evil did not interfere with destiny of the boy further, decided to give him the second name - Teofrast`s , in honor of the pupil famous Aristotle. by
But at Fortuna for the little humpback in the first years of life laid up only black paints. Once parents sent 6 - summer Teo mouths of geese, but he returned from a pasture suspiciously quickly. Pushed a door, entered the room and right there failed unconscious. The father rushed to the child and itself nearly fainted - the child was castrated. It turned out later that some drunk deserter with words outraged upon the boy: “ Tacoma to the freak as you, it is all the same in life are not useful … “.
Tests continued later - when Teo was 10 years old, his mother died. They with the father left native places and went to Austria to an ertsgertsogstvo Carinthia where the father began to teach the son to medical business. However, young Teo seized all on the fly, and therefore the father in six years understood that any more he is not capable to transfer to the son anything new.
It is interesting that, having taken offense at destiny, Teo chose to himself in idols of the Roman philosopher Tsels living in the second half of the 2nd century. He remained in the history of those that opposed sharply Christianity, criticized it and to derision. And Philip Teofrast took himself a pseudonym Paracelsus, that is over - Tsels. And it must be said, Teo had a reputation still that. Said about it that it grows up jewels and pearls in retorts, makes gold and an elixir of youth, travels by air on the flying horse. Rumors went that the evil ghost subject to it is put into handles of his sword. Both admirers, and enemies at it was enough.
Paracelsus was one of the most mobile people of the time. Having traveled across Austria and of Germany , he moves to France , then to Spain , from there to England , after foggy Albion brought it to Netherlands, and, at last, it returns home, to Switzerland. However, for a while. Is farther than it see in ranks one, other party during Italian wars, then it is beaten to army of the Danish king Christian II who was at war against Sweden. Also enters together with it with a victory Stockholm. From there he gets over through Poland and Lithuania to Romania and Croatia. After a trip to Moscow it gets to the Turkish captivity where after long conversations with the khan gets access to work in the richest east libraries.
What relation it has to soap? - you ask. The most direct. Having rich practical knowledge, having studied treatment techniques practically of all countries of Europe, Paracelsus managed, having accumulated all achievements, to remove the technique. Including in prevention of various diseases.
Here only a few achievements to which we are obliged to Paracelsus. In - the first, to discovery of curative qualities of several European sources of mineral water. In - the second, the theory of auto-suggestion, in - the third, desire to get to the bottom even of incurable diseases. Let`s tell, the first patients who recovered from syphilis passed through Paracelsus`s hands.
He the first began to use opium tincture in the medical purposes, than inexpressibly alleviated suffering of the patients operated by it - before they were cut “ on live “. It the first stopped a medieval way of cauterization of wounds boiling “ " balm;. The patient it covered wounds with a pure bandage.
It is not the complete list of useful opening of Paracelsus. It is necessary to add that Teo died on September 24, 1541, without having lived one and a half months up to the 48 - the anniversaries. He managed to make the will according to which on it the requiem mass was served and money was distributed to the poor. All property of the dead consisted of two gold chains, several rings and medals, several boxes with powders, ointments, chemical devices and reactants …]