How British cook and drink beer?
Beer - one of the most ancient alcoholic beverages. To initial recipes of its preparation ninety centuries. In ancient Mesopotamia were able to cook about seven tens grades of beer.
In Europe first beer was cooked where from - for too frigid climate there were no vineyards. In the Middle Ages it was considered as drink of commoners. Aristocrats preferred wines. Time substantially erased class distinctions, but still the order in the London bar of a portion of wine is perceived by the visitor surrounding as a snobbery sign.
For production of beer, first of all, it is necessary to prepare malt, i.e. to couch grains of cereals, to dry them and to clear of sprouts. Beer is cooked from wheat and from millet, but most often from barley. Since the 8th century began to add hop to drink. It was started anew to do Germans, then Dutches. British introduced an innovation one of the last.
Ready malt is made small and mixed with water. Then pump over in a tub where there is a division into not become tipsy mash and a pellet, i.e. the insoluble remains of barley. After addition of hop and other ingredients the mash is cooked within one or two hours. During this time hop is completely dissolved, albumens drop out in a deposit on a tub bottom, aromatic components which can adversely affect taste of beer, are evaporated.
Insoluble particles of barley and hop separate from the welded mash in the centrifuge - a hydroclone. The purified liquid is pumped over in the fermentative tank, cooled and add beer yeast. Mix is fermented within several weeks, and drink is ready. Beer is filtered and spilled on barrels.
Where British would while away time in the 21st century if not ancient Romans? They brought culture of pubs on the English earth. At first opened hundreds of wine benches trading at roads. And when were convinced that England - the country of rains, began to invite passersby to the room to drink behind little tables in heat. These benches became prototypes of the well-known English pubs.
The word the pub comes from the reduced Public house, a public institution. So called the small taverns scattered over all country. It is inconvenient to say the long phrase therefore still it was transformed to the Middle Ages in short a pub.
There are no waiters in pubs. Instead of them the bartender or the bartender, the reliable pilot in the sea of alcohol. Beer grades - tens. Bottle beer from Europe and America not in honor. Most often visitors for whom traditions above all, drank and drink ale. And not a floor - liter mugs, as across all Europe, and the English pints that there is slightly more than a half of liter.
Today, as well as hundreds years ago, a pub not simply the place where come to drink. It is club on interests, the place of communication. Today only in London 3800 pubs, each of which - the unique and original phenomenon. Here come to celebrate birthday or promotion. Here exchange news, make a declaration of love, gossip. Daily in the English pubs about one million pints of beer are drunk.
For the Englishman the bottle of excellent wine will never replace circles of good beer. Prudish islanders are ready to argue justice of this thesis in literal sense furiously. What to do, tradition.]