Than the panda is unusual?
On Tibet tell such legend of a panda. Once the girl met in the wood of a polar bear cub. They made friends and often together played. Somehow time attacked it a snow leopard. The girl rushed to the aid of the friend and died. All pandas came to its funeral in black boots and black gloves. Mourning the girl, they rubbed eye pads, clutched at the head. Therefore ears at pandas were painted in black color, and under eyes black circles appeared.
In the West the panda for the first time appeared in 1869, in the Parisian Museum of natural history. Certainly, it was an effigy. Only 68 years later the West saw a panda alive. Many years considered it even died out. In 1961 the nice small animal became a symbol of the World Wide Fund for Nature. But with what the panda of Europeans and Americans so attracted?
A panda - the strange child of the nature. Scientists try to solve its riddle long ago. Having investigated skins of an animal, they decided that the panda is a kind of herbivorous bears. Therefore the panda was also nicknamed a giant panda. She was even considered as the representative of the most ancient bear sort.
But in 1936 the American scientist William Gregory found many anatomic signs which are peculiar to the American raccoons - poloskuna at a panda. Experts had no doubt that the small panda - red, similar to a cat - represents Asian option of a raccoon. A big panda, according to V. Gregory, the huge descendant of a small panda.
The Belgian zoologist Serge Freshkop suggested to allocate a panda in special family, related both to bears, and cats. However, the opinion prevails that a panda - “ being “ special. Professor A. G. Bannikov writes: “ The Big panda should be carried to special family … intermediate between bears and raccoons “.
Really, a panda - the vegetarian. It eats generally young sprouts of a bamboo. Word “ panda “ comes from the local name “ nyala of a poncho “ that means “ devourer of a bamboo “. She holds bamboo stalks in the thick pads and bites. For this purpose was useful to it “ sixth finger “: one bone was extended and works as a thumb at our hand. Thanks to it the finger can hold even the thinnest stalks of a bamboo.
The space on which the vegetarian lives is small: the mountain woods of the Chinese province of Sichuan which occupies 300 km. Exactly here the panda can find to herself a forage. But a bamboo - a choosy plant: time in half a century blossoms approximately, gives seeds and right there perishes. Only in three years there will be a new young growth, and the bamboo grove will blossom young green leaflets again. And what to do in the rest of the time?
Sadly to see how the hungry small animal perishes! The World Wide Fund for Nature together with the Chinese government developed the program of rescue under the name “ " Panda Project;. The center is the park of Volong. There is a mountain, valleys, the coniferous and deciduous forests, a carpet of ferns, and the most important - grows a bamboo. So the panda has an opportunity for a reproduction.
Today it is difficult for panda to find not only a bamboo, but also rest. The cause is person. He fells trees for construction of bridges and roads. Day after day at pandas becomes less the place for dwelling. So the panda also does not know where to her to move.
The origin of a small animal, neobychnen his way of life and anatomy is mysterious. Anybody of animals does not have anything similar any more!
Literature: I. Akimushkin “ Whims of the nature “; Andre Bertino and Fredo Val`s
“ 366 … and there are even more stories about animals “. ]