What was fashionable clothes of Ancient Russia?
Shape of the Russian person from time immemorial were brightly characterized by clothes. The external image connected it with the standard esthetic ideal. Women have a white face with a bright flush, sable eyebrows, and men have a broad beard. The clothes were sewed from simple fabrics and differed in a simple cut, but abundance of the jewelry which is put on over it: bracelets, beads, earrings.
Climatic conditions exerted impact on fashion of Ancient Russia, first of all. The severe winter, rather cool summer served as the reason of emergence of the closed warm clothes. The zemlepashestvo and cattle breeding was major activities of people. It defined clothes style too.
The shirt was a basis of a men`s suit. As a rule, the linen shirt carried out functions both lower, and outerwear. Its sleeves were sewed, long and quite narrow. Sometimes around a brush put on a sleeve to a zarukavya. In solemn occasions from above clothes - the rounded-off rather narrow collar, a necklace.
As obligatory part of clothes of the Russian men served ports - rather narrow, long, narrowed from top to bottom and reaching ankles trousers. As outerwear served the suite which was put on through the head. The Russian soldiers put on rather short chain armor and a pricker. Supplemented clothes of the nobility small vizantiysko - the Roman raincoat.
A basis of a women`s suit was too the shirt which differed from a men`s shirt in length. Rich women wore two shirts - ispodny and top which was girded rather narrow belt. Over a shirt married women usually put on a skirt - a poneva, zapakhnuty around a waist and fixed by a cord. Casual clothes of girls was the zapona which was always put on a shirt and girded. Over a poneva and a zapona put on a holiday the navershnik sewed as a tunic.
By tradition married women covered the hair with an adjacent cap - a povoynik, and from above put on a scarf - ubrus. Notable women over a scarf still wore a cap. A flowing hair or a braid was allowed to be carried only to unmarried girls.
The Mongolian yoke suspended economic and cultural development of Ancient Russia for several years. Only after release from Tatar - the Mongolian invasion the suit began to change. New, oar clothes, detachable in a waist began to appear. As a result of influence of the Mongolian yoke in the Russian suit there were some objects of east use: skullcap, belts, folding sleeves.
Noblemen began to put on several clothes that spoke about their welfare. The shirt became the lower clothes in a suit of the nobility. Over it usually put on a homespun coat. For peasants - it was the outerwear, and boyars carried only his houses. From above a homespun coat usually put on a caftan which surely closed knees.
One of ceremonial clothes which was put on over a caftan was feryaz. Usually passed only the right hand throughout a sleeve, and lowered the left sleeve along a body to the earth. So there was a proverb “ to work carelessly “.
The fur coat was specific clothes. It was carried by both peasants, and notable boyars, and the tsar. In Russia it was accepted to sew fur coats fur inside. What expensive would not be fur, it served only as a lining. From above the fur coat was covered with cloth, brocade or a velvet. And wore a fur coat even in the summer and even indoors.
The fur coat was fallen in love also to women. Original Russian clothes became dushegreya. It was sewed from expensive fabrics and embroidered with patterns. Since the 16th century the sundress from several sewed pieces of fabric became fashionable.
The imperial vestments differed in nothing from casual clothes of the nobility. Only in solemn occasions he dressed precious clothes to strike overseas ambassadors with the luxury and wealth.
Literature: “ I learn the world “ fashion History. ]