Where disappeared “ sir “ and “ madam “?
you never thought of why it is difficult to ask the stranger “ What time is it now? “ or “ How to pass there - that? “?
Everything very much is even simple - we, sometimes, do not know HOW to address the person.
What a difference - earlier: “ mister - madam “ “ the sir - the madam “; in Soviet period - “ companion “ and did not matter, the woman it or the man; and presently - “ the citizen - the citizen “ - and that, only in special cases (at marriage registration, for example).
If now so to address someone, then the person can misunderstand you. And therefore it is also necessary to manage " concepts; man “ “ woman “ “ young man “ “ girl “. Or at all to address it is impersonal: “ Be so kind as, … “ “ Sorry, … “ etc.
to address children not so difficult: “ boy “ “ girl “. And to the child it is pardonable when he addresses unfamiliar: “ aunt “ “ uncle “.
In some countries, for example, some addresses still remained. In Paris - it “ madam “ “ monsieur “ in England and America - “ Ms. “ “ Mrs. “ “ Mr. “ in Poland - “ lady “ “ sir “.
So why at us all these types of addresses were gone in Russia? The answer is simple - people ceased to correspond to them .
For example, in days of old, such formulas of intitulation were used: the valid and official address was “ sir, mercy monarchess “. So addressed strangers, or at sudden cooling or strain of relations. Besides, all in-house documents began with such addresses.
Then the first syllable was rejected, and the words " appeared; sir, madam “ . So began to address people unfamiliar propertied and educated, as a rule.
In the office environment (civil and military) there were such rules of the address: from younger on a rank and a rank needed the address to the senior on a title - from “ Your nobleness “ to “ Your excellency “; to persons of an imperial surname - “ Your highness “ and “ Your majesty “; addressed the emperor and his wife “ Your imperial majesty “; grand dukes (close relatives of the emperor and his wife) were titled “ imperial highness “.
The adjective " is frequent; imperial “ fell, and at communication used only the words “ majesty “ and “ highness “ (“ To its majesty with an assignment … “) .
The princes who were not belonging to the reigning house and columns with the wives and unmarried daughters, were titled “ Your Excellency “ the lightest princes - “ Your grace “.
Higher on service addressed subordinates with the word “ mister “ with addition of a surname or rank (position). The people equal on a title, addressed to each other without intitulation formula (for example, “ Listen, the count … “.
Commoners who did not know ranks and signs of distinction used such addresses as the barin, the mistress, the father, the mother, the sir, madam, to maidens - the young lady. And the most respectful form of the address to the barin, irrespective of his rank, was “ Your nobleness “.
After October revolution on change “ to the sir “ “ madams “ “ to mister “ “ to madam “ the word " came; companion “ . It removed distinctions on a floor (so addressed both the man, and the woman) and according to the social status (as with the low status it was impossible to address the person “ sir “ “ madam “) .
Words “ citizen “ / “ citizen “ intended for those in whom did not see " yet; companions “ are associated with reportings from the courtroom to this day, but not with the French revolution which entered them into practice of the speech. And after reorganization and some “ companions “ " steel; misters “ and the address remained only in the communistic environment.
And therefore today, meanwhile “ did not think up “ new words which it would be possible to address the person. It is impossible to call the madam (this beautiful word with which the educated, well-mannered girl is associated) that which carries pass - a skirt, it is vulgarly painted and does not leave a cigarette?
And sir? Where it? Whether it is that the man who breaks bus doors (or shop), without having found time to pass the woman forward (all know that women should be passed forward, but practically nobody observes it any more)?
Of course, not all people such and therefore still there is a hope that these beautiful words - addresses will return to our society. But so there are not enough people who use them, and to whom these words can be applied …]