Rus Articles Journal

Thanks to whom at cars appeared cheap obuvka ?

occurred on December 30, 1927 what fans of a car so long waited for - the Russian chemist Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev offered a way of receiving synthetic rubber. If earlier the considerable part of cost of the car was occupied by tires which made of natural rubber, and they were highly appreciated very much, then now, thanks to discovery of synthetic analog, the car " at once; reduced the price for 20 - 25% that, in - the first, allowed to have the car to more general population, and, in - the second, thereby gave a new impetus to development of the motor transport in general. Whatever one may do, and demand generates the offer

I, at last, the third factor which was at once used by the ideological car of that time: synthetic rubber was created in the country which the first dumped fetters of capitalist oppression! And the fact that Lebedev lived and created mostly during the imperial period, was diligently suppressed. It was as the apple which suddenly fell down Newton`s head when he thought of the law of universal gravitation

But we will meet a lack with the biography of the outstanding Russian chemist. He was born 13 on July (25), 1874 in the Polish city of Lublin (in those days Poland was the Russian province, let and European) in a family of the orthodox priest Vasily Lebedev, and at a baptism Sergy, in honor of great orthodox Saint Sergey of Radonezh received a name. However, called the boy rather on secular manners - Sergey. This name was also entered to it much later, when obtaining the passport.

I like to be in the city of Lublin. In it both the present, and old times gets on, but never I thought that it is the homeland of the inventor of the first-ever way of receiving synthetic rubber. However, Sergey together with mother and the brothers and sisters lived in Lublin not for long. When the boy was only going to be admitted to school, his father unexpectedly dies. Having been left without husband and the supporter, mother decides to look for happiness in Warsaw. She was lucky, she not only was not left without support, but even managed to arrange the son in 1 - yu the Warsaw gymnasium which still is considered one of the best in the Polish capital.

However, for those times Sergey was a little overage the pupil, as came to a gymnasium for a year or two later, than it was necessary. But did not feel any complexes of age, on the contrary, it tried to be distinguished from schoolmates not with age and growth, but, first of all, knowledge. Also succeeded in study. In any case, he nearly the only thing from graduates became in a year of the termination of a gymnasium the student of natural office of the physicist - mathematical faculty of the St. Petersburg university.

And there came the series of luck for Sergey. Not somebody, and the famous Russian scientist Alexey Evgrafovich Favorskii - one of creators of chemistry of nonsaturated organic compounds widely famous for the researches in an isomerization and polymerization of these connections was his teacher of chemistry. And Sergey Lebedev became not just the pupil of future academician, and his best follower. Not incidentally for Sergey Vasilyevich developments of the teacher became that base on which he made the discoveries.

But before opening it was still very far. Besides science the inquisitive student was fond also of policy, and even took part in student`s disorders for what in 1899 he was sent from the capital. But also in exile he managed to write the brilliant thesis which was created on memory on the basis of researches in Favorskii`s laboratory. The only thing that the teacher for the pupil could not make - to achieve his restoration at university to leave it in postgraduate study. Did not go to this university administration, and Lebedev had to get a job in the commission on research of rail steel at institute of engineers of means of communication

can be spoken About scientific work long, but we - that with you are far from it, and therefore it is better to tell about Sergey Vasilyevich`s muse, his devoted and hotly beloved spouse. For some reason it is considered that the botanist - the excellent student falls a victim of some bright maiden who tries to make of the guy the car on earning money. In this case everything was obvious not similar to standards. Lebedev did not hurry to marry, he all was shipped in science, but once met Anna Ostroumova, and in several days after acquaintance understood that he is struck. But also here did not hurry though was a handsome and stately man, the women`s man. Gave it the chance to feel that it the one whom she waited for all life. In 1905 future scientist asked her hands and hearts, and received a consent. They got married!

What a pity, but in our life everything occurs on the contrary. If the guy liked the girl, then he often acts regardless of obstacles, with such pressure as if thawed spring snow tears a dam. It does not give to the girl of time to get gradually used at least, to make some choice. Not from - whether for it some marriages break up, without having managed to be born? And this lesson, this experience at Lebedev is not less important at all, than, say, the invention of synthetic rubber

Anna was more senior than Sergey for three years, it at that time was already 34 therefore the bride`s parents, in particular, the father, the high-ranking official Pyotr Ostroumov, did not lay down any conditions before the daughter. She was not especially beautiful, but was devilishly talented. It was noted by all who taught it, - Repin, Mate, Whistler. Benois declared her sense of style and a delicate taste perfect. And still she was a great toiler, as if now told, the workaholic, but at the same time always found time to pay as much as possible attention to the husband. For it the family was all - on the first place.

Ostroumova - Lebedeva possessed a leading role in revival in Russia of an easel engraving on a tree as independent type of creativity and engraving color. The original methods of generalization of a form and color developed by it were acquired and used by many other artists. And she decided to make a peculiar gift to the spouse a series of engravings of native St. Petersburg which she never in lives left. During events of the Great October socialist revolution, in the years of Stalin repressions when the probability to be arrested in both capitals was all - above, than on the periphery. And even during the three-year Siege of Leningrad fascist aggressors - neither firings, nor hunger could break spirit of this fragile woman. She lived on the street called by the name of her husband and told that she will better die, than will see how this street is trampled down by others boots

Cannot doubt that if not an integral nature of Anna Petrovna, the great scientist - the chemist would hardly manage to make very much; she was his guardian angel, his queen for the sake of whom the talent was is used with the big tension of forces, as they say, to a droplet

A can tell the following about the opening. In 1926 the Supreme Council of a national economy declared world (!) competition on the best way of receiving synthetic rubber. Under the terms of a competition it was necessary to present not less than two kilograms of rubber and to paint a way of its receiving. The deadline for delivery of works was defined on January 1, 1928. Lebedev`s group worked very intensively. As you already know, were in time only by December 30, 1927, in two days prior to end of a competition

B 1932 Sergey Lebedev was elected the full member of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1934 he headed Laboratory of high-molecular connections at Academy of Sciences of the USSR. It needed to be created on a brick, it demanded many nerves. And Sergey Vasilyevich`s heart already glitched. On May 1, 1934 he went to official journey to one of plants of synthetic rubber. And next day, on May 2, his heart stopped

Anna Petrovna carefully stored memory of the husband, tried to make everything that memory was immortalized. The loving woman departed to the world other in day of the 84 - the anniversaries, on May 5, 1955 ]