Rus Articles Journal

What is Kvanza? With Nova Kvanza, with new happiness!

For the Homeland - a black cradle of a civilization!

For ancestors and their neugasayemy spirit!

For seniors from whom we study everything!

For young people to whom belongs tomorrow!

For our fight and in memory of those who in it fell!

For unity by which we are guided!

For the creator who created all big and small!

Kvanza`s celebration - a holiday of diaspora African, comes to the end the African New year with this anthem ( of Tashmi la tutanara ) on January 1 each new year. Kwanzaa , or the holiday of the first fruit, arose in the 60th years for the purpose of revival of the most ancient holiday of the first harvest. The floor Cuanza is taken from the name of this festival of mutanda ya kwanzaa leaving at the time of Pharaohs that in Swahili means a holiday of the first fruit. The first day - the first fruit of year.

Not to confuse to Kwanza - the river in Angola and its currency (yes there to me 154 kwanza changed for dollar - a living wage for a month - 15 dollars! Here where it is advisable to live if not 25 years of war. Estimate, the reader, TWENTY FIVE! years! wars!. And it is not the Russian revolt, lazy and predicted, and African, with modern equipment on plains and infernal traps on off road terrain).

If the origin of all other holidays of people of the world can be a subject of assumptions, then Kvanza is that holiday whose founding father is known. The leader of fight for the rights of the Afro-Americans, professor of University of California , the scientist who based and heading league of Black Nationalist Organization , of Dr. Maulana Karenga , the theorist of Black Liberation Movement. The person who made not less Martin Luther King for the movement of the black Afro-Americans and all black movement in the world.

Idea of restoration of an ancient holiday was the goal-setting of the African self-identification of the black population. It is well-known that descendants of the Africans who are taken out to slavery on the American continent did not identify themselves with Africa, its culture, languages and traditions for a long time. From Africa they had only skin color. And bitter feeling of inferiority. And memory scars from the supervisor`s lash as hems on heart from a heart attack.

The person who helped to hear him a voice of the African blood deserves the same honoring as Jesus Christ, Buddha and Magomet. From now on the black of all countries knows who are they and is went from where - all of them are Africans, one, uniform and indivisible race! Black senator in rolls - Royce and mozglyak from a doss house, the head of each godforsaken tribe and the black student of Eton / Harvard - brothers. As all Buddhists - from Buddha, and Christians - from Christ. Not for nothing in the address to each other they speak: Hey, Brother! Hey, Sister ! And even: Hey, Nigger ! And for fun and that whip: Hey, Black Ass !

But Kvanza has nothing in common neither with religion, nor with policy. Kvanza - very philosophical and very thin holiday. Otherwise also cannot be, black Africa - a civilization cradle. And the philosophical experience of such ancient race perfected for centuries was expressed in seven postulates ( of Nguzo Saba ) Kvanza`s ideas and its attributes. Dr. Karenga outlined them as the minimum number of the principles by which there has to live a black person to realize himself, the relations with relatives and society for the purpose of achievement of the social and personal purposes of a pozitivization and constructibility on the way to progress.

UMOJA - unity, a unification. Unity on steps: I in, my family, my community, my nation, my race. Motto: I - because there are you, it, it, they, all of us. We one blood: you and I !

KUJIGHAGULIA - self-determination. To define and identify itself, to give itself definition and to samovyskazyvatsya than what to give the right to someone to do it for us. Ourselves will be defined and will speak!

UJIMA - collective work and collective responsibility, aspiration to make problems of our sisters and brothers our own problems and to together solve them. Understanding of a debt to the past and responsibility for our future. We - for mutual responsibility, the help, but also for circular responsibility!

UJAMAA - joint economy. To create, support and develop black businesses, to create black economy to take the income for the benefit of black community and personally to each black, as well as all mankind.

NIA - the purpose, prospect. The maximum development of each separate black cell by an africanization of its spirit from a cell to society for the purpose of finding of the African values and greatness of uniform race.

KUUMBA - creative potential. In each case to do all greatest possible, to show creativity so that also ourselves personally and our community could take the maximum potential from our rich heritage which we put to serve us in favor of our future.

IMANI - belief. To believe with all completeness of soul in our people, our race, our parents, ancestors, teachers, in justice of ideas and in a victory in our fight.

In my opinion, these postulates are universal for any, the society which even is most developed. But they are especially important for representatives of natives of Third World countries even if lost funic communication with an ancestral home, but also not tasted completely as ethnos, the benefits and mental values of the countries of the leading world.

on December 26 all America began to sparkle the African dresses, feathers, capes. Aroma of huts was carried. Concerning, cave having interrupted the African drums squeezed soul to goosebumps on skin - our Africa left that is indicative, for the first day after naikhristianneyshy Christmas on streets. Paints - fire! They go!

They move on Gold Mile of Michigan Avenue, hopping, podkrikivy with drums beating. And itself you begin to podtantsovyvat, shake involuntarily hips and to foot tap as though at me under white - white skin in veins blood of the African flows. And I, having inclined the head, flat foot I turn in a shamany top in a fraction step alternately with a wild rhythm of drums, and hands and hips remember gestures and drawing of the African dance, and legs know how to go on hot sand of the desert and herbs of the savanna, and heart knocks special African fight and drives red blood under even white skin on blue veins. Such, as at them...

And the black heads of women on thin high ebonite necks it is proud leaned back under weight of colourful African turbans back. Also is not present among them neither beautiful, nor usual - all of them are queens, black goddesses. And their men - black gods under blue the sky of Chicago. Floors of their attires when they turn near the goddesses fly, and it seems that exotic African birds soar over them... (And when our chernushka from South side of the city learned to carry such baskets on the head and so to go?!) And then you understand that it goes CUANZA!

Will detain who - some African a look on the madwoman white, dancing on Michigan Street, will wink at it the green cunning Slavic eye, and he will drench me with a whiteness of a tooth cave grin and will wink at the black. As a lightning firefight - sverk! blys! - further Africa went under drums!

Moreover not all. And attributes! Menorah. Kinara. we will not confuse with a menorah Judaic. It seems that but sense another - seven purposes - seven holders of candles. Mazao - what the world did not see the fruit and vegetables put in Mheka - baskets from feathers together with Muhindi - corn ears on number of children in a family, and on them of Mishumaa saba - seven candles of different flowers (1 black, on 3 red and 3 green) which will burn on festival in a menorah, and of Kikombe cha umoja - a circular bowl of a libation, and of Zawadi - gifts of Black New year, also three flowers, but by seven principles - spirituality, a unification and advantage.

My carnival under groans of the city will go to the city hall even till December 31 when the official holiday Kwanzaa - begins of Karuma . The mayor Richard Daley will open a karuma. And not one litter and thanks will tell black people. And people will understand. Also there will be no hostility and offense. There will be a karuma. Also this karuma so will sweep:

In the center the huge peryevy basket with fruit and vegetables will be exposed. The karuma action of Kuraribisha will open - there will be in a circle the oldest, any African tribe will not be forgotten, they will be welcomed also young and old alike, everyone will put also the fruit in a basket as a sign of a contribution of each tribe to a moneybox of Africa. (After a holiday this basket will be exposed on city streets for poor and rich black and white families - come, take from our table to your table! Alaverda.)

Kuumba - part when celebrate women and children of Africa: any black young woman, any child will be brought in the center of a circle and will bow in honor. Kuchungusa Tena - part when honored people, the oldest, guests of honor, members of the governments just disperse on halls and privately talk to simple Africans. Kushungilla - call to meeting of all together and

of Tamshi la Tambiko - a spill and collective otpity waters. It is the most drama part of a holiday. The clear water bowl from the African rivers is poured. As it is known - water is the foremother of life and its source. For the African water - life and memory of generations. This bowl bends in all four parts of the world and a little water spills as a symbol of the fact that water belongs to all parts of the world, all mankind. Then the bowl is handed over also everyone drinks a drink from a bowl. All this under a booming drumbeat and full silence of people. Epiphany Africa. Communion by Africa.

After that goes of Ngoma - a drum tornado, a typhoon, a tsunami. People fraternize embraces, kisses, contacts and suddenly all drums cease at once and one thunderous blow is distributed:

For the Homeland - a black cradle of a civilization!

For ancestors and their neugasayemy spirit!

For seniors from whom we study everything!

For young people to whom belongs tomorrow!

For our fight and in memory of those who in it fell!

For unity by which we are guided!

For the creator who created all big and small!

With Nova Kvanza, with new happiness!]