What is a cactus and what it is eaten with?
All know that the cactus is such exotic creation, muricated. But very few people know that they are widely used in cookery. And everything is used, except prickles: stalks, juice, fruits. Certainly, it practices more in those places where cactuses are found from time immemorial. But also in other countries where they got rather recently, people quickly estimated their gastronomic advantages and noted.
Fortunately, cactuses - nonpoisonous plants it is also possible to taste any their part. A certain danger is constituted only by prickles and glokhidiya. And if it is rather simple to clean prickles from a stalk surface, then here glokhidiya demand much bigger care. From - for the small sizes they can pass and be not to noticed. And they bear on themselves microscopic hooks thanks to which at hit on skin or other soft fabrics of a glokhidiya begin to take root intensively inside. As a result strong develops swelled also an inflammation. The case when literally during a couple of hours the cow who tried a prickly pear died is known. A set of small glokhidiya stuck it into language and in oral cavity fabric, strong quickly developed swelled which led to asthma.
Some types of cactuses at the excessive use make undesirable impact on an organism from - for existence in their juice of substances of medicamentous character. But, say that these cactuses and on taste are unpleasant so there are a lot of them and do not eat. The cactuses which are grown up out of an environment may contain residual doses of fertilizers and chemical preparations which they were processed. Therefore if there was a wish to try “ house “ a cactus, it is necessary to wash out the tasted part carefully.
But in most cases the pulp of cactuses does not differ in any special taste, reminds just a grass rather. Here only young escapes of prickly pears have a certain taste and are widely used in cookery. The young gentle segments of prickly pears which are previously cleared of prickles or glokhidiya use for preparation of hot dishes and add to various salads. Speak, it turns out not worse than cucumbers. From cactaceous stalks prepare a sweet delicacy - candied fruits. In the desert regions of America fresh juice of cactuses was long since used for a satisfying of thirst of travelers and a livestock.
Juicy fruits of cactuses inherently are berries. They are also used in the same way, as well as by other berries: eat crude, cook jam, jams, fruit jelly, bake, do of them drinks. Prickly pears even specially put the whole plantations, their berries became usual goods in the markets of many countries. In Vietnam, thanks to humid warm climate, cactuses - hilotsereusa epiphytes widely extended. Their fruits reach the weight of 500 g and already firmly were proved on local markets together with local tropical fruit.
Even we, residents of the country, far from tropics, can taste berries of the cactuses which are grown up in our houses. Widespread mamillarias after blossoming easily form a set of red berries. They are juicy, with the pleasant sourish taste reminding barberry fruits. Seeds in them very small also do not stir tasting.
Shlyumberger can please forest epifitny cactuses with juicy fleshy fruits the size almost about plum too. Only for their receiving it is necessary cross-pollination with another shlyumbergery.
They say that yields the most tasty fruit at room cactuses well-known “ Queen of night “ - selenitsereus. The only complexity - to find the second blossoming plant for cross-pollination, as a last resort it is possible to try to pollinate pollen of other type of cactuses. The formed fruit will be of the size of apple, quite tasty, with pleasant aroma. The peel is densely covered with hairs and prickles therefore such berry is just cut in half and a spoon eat away pulp.
Here such they, cactuses, surprising and unique children of the mother - the Nature.]