What value of astrology for mankind?
Astrology divides mankind into two big camps today. One hotly believe in what this charlatanism and a cheating, others argue furiously that it is the deep science checked in the millennia. It is clear, of what such subject cannot but be great importance for mankind.
A little history History of astrology is lost by
so far in the past that nobody knows today when it began. Modern astrology begins with Ptolemaeus`s works which appeared two thousand years ago in Greece (its Egyptian part). These works are still studied by modern astrologers and are considered as indisputable. During that time these works were really on a first line of antique science. But what was represented by science of that time? To whom did it serve? And what was a civilization in general?
Any community of people in the outlook relies on some standard beliefs, beliefs and traditions. In antique Greece the animism, anthropocentrism and fatalism were the main principles of spiritual life.
The animism is an animation of all on light. Hills, trees, streams, winds and so forth. Let`s remember antique naiads, dryads and other “ living creatures “ inhabiting the world around the ancient Greek. Including also stars, in particular " were animated; wandering “ (so called planets). On stars there lived so-called astral spirits. And actually these spirits also directed events on the earth. The animism on time goes back, most likely, to pervonachala of existence of public consciousness in general, that is is lost somewhere abroad stories. Also accompanies mankind in this or that form and today. Bright development of animism - Shamanism. And, as we know today, two civilizations, very significant in the history of mankind, represent development of Shamanism. It is Ancient Egypt and Ancient China. In these countries astrology and the accompanying astral cults is also widespread.
Anthropocentrism is a placement of the person to the center of the Universe. Most often, of course, some leader, governor, emperor. And the whole world rotates around this person and influences it, his destiny. Therefore ancient planets around Earth with the people who are on it, but not differently rotated. From the point of view of three-dimensional motion in general all the same who around whom rotates. Just in one case it is simpler to consider, and in another it is more difficult.
Fatalism is a belief in Destiny, that it is predetermined. Therefore so liked ancient to address oracles including to stars. They addressed in general any spirits for council and predictions. Everyone had darlings.
All above-mentioned principles were characteristic of the whole world of that time, and not just of Greece. And astrology got to Greece, Egypt, India and China already in the ready and created look. The center of emergence of astrology Ancient Mesopotamia is considered today. Already there find difficult calculations of the movement of planets and a reasoning on their influence on destiny. The first texts of astrology of omens appear in the 19th century BC
One of the main components of classical astrology the zodiac is. It is a set of the certain animals operating our life. They are simply connected with a concrete phase of movement of the Sun or Jupiter (in the east). And existence of the spirits of animals addresses us directly to Shamanism. To various spirits - defenders and other “ evil spirits “. And existence of the zodiac, from the scientific point of view, speaks to us only about existence of classification of people of that time on various types having somehow something in common with habits of certain animals. And these types became attached later to certain phases of the movement of stars. In other words existence of the zodiac as one of the main elements of astrology speaks to us about its very old origin. However even during an antique era the structure of the zodiac was not a constant, and the quantity of signs changed from 8 to 17. It means that division of people into types according to animals was not steady and depended on an era or the place of residence. In more or less modern look the zodiac appears in the 5th century BC in Babylon. Then there are also first horoscopes.
Further zodiac astrology developed in classical when each planet, getting under influence of this or that sign, changes the influence on the person. This astrology was finally created in Ptolemaeus`s works. In the same works the system of houses and aspects (mutual provisions of planets) appears.
With arrival of Christianity astrology did not die. Christians and Muslims turned various spirits of antiquity (including astral) into demons and angels. The address to one became the evil, and to others - good. Therefore the Christianity so ambiguously belonged to astrology, accepting it, rejecting, and going for division of astrology on “ bad “ and “ good “.
If before emergence of Christianity astrology was an integral part of comprehensive outlook, then in the subsequent it became only some part of secret doctrines of an occultism. And it affected its situation and development. Development stopped completely. A little the system of houses and aspects developed. In the east, however, a certain development continued. But the zodiac basis remained indisputable still.
Modern science the Modern science, unfortunately, does not watch
at astrology in any way. Her representatives especially are not expressed about it in any way. At heart the majority believes that astrology - a pseudo science and superstition. However really any scientist respecting himself this question seriously will not consider. The subject of astrology is certain mysterious influences of astral spirits on human destiny. Any of these elements in science is not recorded. Therefore there can be no conclusion from the scientific point of view. Any “ scientific “ statements concerning astrology is a work of popular writers from science, but not scientists.
However there was a modern science not without astrology. All modern mathematics and astronomy is flesh from astrology flesh. They were its integral part as allowed to count movements of astral spirits. And many scientists of that time known to us from textbooks of physics were successful astrologers. For example, Johann Kepler who opened the movement of planets on ellipses (all remember the textbook of physics with Kepler`s laws). He was a successful astrologer, but worried on the fact that actually astrology does not reflect the latest developments of astronomy in any way. So during that time there was also a significant gap of these two disciplines.
One of the last attempts of connection of science and astrology in the 20th century can consider experiences of spouses of Goklen. Michel Goklen, the French psychologist, tried to check astrological (zodiac) types scientifically. It collected the big database of the birth of the famous people of various professions over time and tried to build various ratios. Results of works were published in 1955 and underwent criticism and sneers from astrologers as statistical methods of researches disproved astrology bases. However its works are not accepted seriously by either science, or astrology. Popular writers of astrology, however, like to mention his name as a trump in protection of astrology, but Goklen did not make a real contribution to development of astrology.
Modern astrology is the stiffened image of antique science. Development was gained only by the " system; houses “ and aspects. Also that part of astrology which is engaged in interpretation of results developed. Today fatalism weakened therefore astrologers begin to argue on psychology subjects (not without Goklen`s influence), various types and mental sets. These installations, they claim, it is possible to investigate and change somehow. It is possible to take the destiny in hand. Absolutely in the spirit of modern Christianity and materialism. However any “ scientific “ proofs of such changes in system of interpretations do not exist.
There is no consensus among astrologers also on the fact that to consider as the beginning of human life. One consider important the moment of birth, others - the conception moment, the third - the moment of the first breath. That is, there is no consensus concerning what influence " still even; stars “ on a body or I smother.
One of the main stumbling blocks was the doctrine about a free will. In fatalism about any free will there is no speech also. And already in Christianity the concept of freedom appears. Without this freedom emergence of Christianity as new current would be impossible. And passes through all history of formation of a modern civilization just formation and strengthening of a free will. Today such manifestation development of science and democratic consciousness of the person in modern society is considered.
A conclusion to
It is clear that astrology accompanies mankind all its history (and prehistoric time). Throughout several millennia astrology was the engine of scientific thought. It integrated all disciplines connected with human life, religion, medicine, public life, mathematics and geography. Unfortunately, today the scientific outlook does not possess that integrity which was peculiar to ancient science. Especially in that, as for the person, his welfare.
We see that impulse which the science received in the ancient time and today in full action. And today a basis of the movement of science is its space part. All advanced technologies develop for service of space achievements. But whether modern search of extraterrestrial civilizations is an echo of the settlement of astral spirits on heavenly bodies?
If not a cult of astral spirits, then there would be no flights in space by distant boundaries today, there would be no other achievements inspired with space science. We would sit at fires today and chased in time, free from rest, mammoths in search of livelihood.]