“ Nationalist provocation “
“ NATIONALIST PROVOCATION “
“ History, is the policy turned into the past! “
M. N. Pokrovsky (1868 - 1932)
of Owls. the historian is also watered. the figure, the member of CPSU with 1905, the participant Okt. a roar - tion (Moscow),
of Chl. TsKK, Chl. Prezd. VTsIK of the Central Election Commission of the USSR. Head Komunnistich.
academies “ Institute of red professorate “. (“ Owls. Entsikl. " dictionary; Me the book of the doctor of historical sciences S. I. Kochkurkina " unpleasantly struck 1980 of Page 1021)
; People of Karelia “ (Petrozavodsk, 2005) . In the announcement of the book it is declared that it:
“ The First scientifically - the popular book about history and culture the Karelian, Veps, Sami and Russians from initial settling during era of the Stone Age till 17th century “ we Will look at
how the author solves this problem page by page:
- annalistic “ Vod “ 9 p. (never in the territory of modern Karelia lived);
- annalistic “ to Izhora “ 6 p. (ingermanlandets, never lived in Karelia);
- to Karelians of 66 p. (10% of the present population, indigenous people for Karelia);
- to Veps, 30 p. (0,8% from present the population, indigenous people for Karelia)
- to Sami of 9 p. (statistics are noted);
- the Russian 4 p. (73,6% of the present population, live in Karelia since the X century)
From 210 pages of the text “ slavyano - to the Russian population “ For Karelia Kochkurkina allocated a little more than 4 pages. And no word when, according to the author, Slavs settled in Pomorze, on lands North - east coast of Lake Onega, on the Zaonezhsky peninsula and on Hugo - the west bank Onega is told. It is specified that in language zaonezhan there are a lot of loans from the Karelian language. But the author does not know, or pretends that he does not know that a zaonezhsky dialect “ it is close to language of initial Russian annals “ what was emphasized by many researchers of H1H of a century, and the close relationship of a language system Ilmen is noted it is nice, ancestors zaonezhan and founders of Novgorod, with language of the Slovenes living nowadays in the Republic of Slovenia on the Balkans.
the State - the forming nation, the Russian people which make 73,6% of the total number of the population of the republic now and together with other Slavs, - Ukrainians and Belarusians, - 87%, is taken away by the author less than 2% of the text of the book. On the card where the author of the book shows movings of the people of Karelia in the Middle Ages for the Russian ethnos there was no place! Russians in the Middle Ages in Karelia according to Kochkurkina are not present and was not! Objectively?
A the main result of centuries-old activity of Russians in the territory of Obonezhya (Karelia) according to the doctor of historical sciences is, -
“ … active assimilation the Karelian as a result of which Karelians kept language only at the household level, but were left without the writing, a compact zone of accommodation and, eventually, the state “. (Kochkurkina S. I. “ People of Karelia “ Petrozavodsk, 2005 of Page 163).
that on “ household " level; is called, - “ HEALED the DOCTOR “ the Russian people …
the Note of November 26, 2007: In Soviet period in all educational and scientific works was obligatory a central board “ Classics of Marxism-Leninism about … so and so “. Whether there was a speech about production of valenoks or inconjugable verbs, - but it was necessary to accompany the text with the corresponding quote from Lenin, Marx, Engels. The present administration likes to quote the Russian President V. V. Putin. I specially did not search for his statements about national history, but on the Internet its performance at conference of teachers of history in August, 2007 caught sight to me. One phrase from his speech so corresponds to S. I. Kochkurkina`s book sorted by me that I cannot but bring her: “ As for some problem pages in our history - yes, they were, - Putin declared to teachers. - So they were in the history of any state! And at us them was less, than at some other. And we did not have them such awful, as at some other. However, it is impossible to allow that imposed us sense of guilt “. Kochkurkina “ imposes sense of guilt “ Russian, fault before Karelians, Finns and Veps. And actually Slavic ethnoses before the Karelian - the Finnish ethnos in anything “ are guilty “!
Finno - Ugrian and Slavic tribes equally and alike shared in formation of Old Russian statehood and great Russian ethnos. Let`s remember one of the first joint mentions of the Finn - Ugrian tribes and Slavs of 859:
“ Both a vosstash sloven, and Krivichi, and merya, and chyud on Varangians, and their izgnash for the sea, and a nachash of a vladjta in seb, and goroda you put “. Tsit. On: Sl. RYa H 1 - the 17th centuries. Release 6. (T 6.) M of 1979. of Page 136.
Slovene and Krivichi - tribes Slavic, and merya and chyud - the Finn - Ugrian language group. Equally they got liberty.
For everything, more than 1200 - summer, history of the neighbourhood of Slavic tribes and the Finn - the Ugrian people in the territory of Eastern Europe was not recorded long wars on the intertribal, interethnic soil, at the level of communication of the people. Especially there was no concept “ occupations “ - violent annexation of territory and the population of one people by armed forces of other state. To be at war, of course, - were at war. Who in the early Middle Ages was not at war? And the Russian principalities among themselves were at war. In the Nikonovsky chronicle for 1225 we read:
“ Novogorodts of a voyevash chyud, and in Male druzhin vozvratishasya back, beating bo a bjsha ot behave in a queer way “.
But was not such facts in our general past (which met in historical relationship of other ethnoses) that, for example, Slavs would spread in the Karelian and Veps villages taverns and taverns, for accustoming to drinking of the local foreign-language population. Or, - that Russians violently would take inoplemennik for the address to slavery, for receiving repayment and operation. Or, - that representatives of Slavic ethnos would get from the government cash bonuses for the handed-over scalps “ natives “: Karelian and Veps.
Before the central Russian power Russians, Karelians and Severo`s Veps - the West of Russia to the first third of the XX century were equal. All equally were considered as chernososhny peasants and paid identical subear taxes, - to Palace treasury or the Novgorod mitropolityechy house. Discounts and privileges for one ethnoses to the detriment of others were not (to communists and their successors).
Slavic tribes of Drevlyans, glades, radmichy, dregovichy, northerners and Ilmen is nice in the north of Eastern Europe appeared over 1200 years ago (see M. Gimbutas. “ Slavs “ M. 2003 of Page 118 - 119 and sl.). And in general, it is impossible to forget that the great Russian ethnos consisted to the middle to the 16th century of Slavic, Finnish, Baltic and Tatar tribes and the people during long and peaceful assimilation and colonization by Slavs North - the East of Europe.
At Maria Gimbutas, (the author of the works “ Slavs “ M. 2003 “ Balts “ M. 2004, etc.) as Lithuanians by origin and the scientist forced to flee from the Soviet occupation Lithuania in 1944, professors of the Californian university where as was much occasions to hate Russians. But it first of all the scientist, but not a konjyunkturshchitsa of S. Kochkurkin from “ Karelian branch of Academy of Sciences of the USSR “. Therefore works M. Gimbutas are transferred to all European languages, and “ scientifically - popular work “ Kochkurkina it is paid with the Finnish grant. Personally I badly trust
in sovok ranks “ candidates “ and “ doctors “ historical sciences. To 90% Soviet “ historical “ theses are written on tactical subjects, type: “ L. I Brezhnev`s Role on Small Earth “ - or from a tactical pro-communistic platform.
the Value of scientific work of the historian is defined not by medals and badges on a lapel, and KOLLICHESTV of CITING THIS WORK AND REFERENCES TO NEYO V OTHER SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES. The real scientists - historians during the Soviet period was units. Such as L. N. Gumilev, - lectures of which I listened, studying in LIZhSA. He taught a row, the Horn. Gumilev for four “ trips “ Otpakhat 16 years in a zone. I read its works almost the boy, in copies from VINITI when it was actually forbidden. Now its works are demanded and are constantly republished.
Russian are the passional Slavs who had in the X-XVI centuries powerful assimilyazatsionny potential to accept in themselves and to dissolve in themselves other, next people and cultures.
On one of modern versions of an origin of ethnonyms, - “ Russia “ “ Ros “ “ Russians “ - it the word originally meant not the concrete people of a Slavic origin by birth, with the language, customs and culture, and “ sotsio - nony “ - compact group of people, representatives of the different tribes and language groups united in a certain professional military (fighting) community for performance of the general tasks. “ The Prince Igor with all to a rosye of the “ - “ " dews; here, - a team of soldiers from the most active representatives of Slavs, Norwegians, the Karelian, Danes, a mordva, the Khazar.
On national sign the Karelian in Russia and in Russia never allocated and did not humiliate. One of voivodes Novgorod was the 14th century Valita Korelyanin (the truth, he was marked out in chronicles as the traitor and the traitor).
Slavs never destroyed the neighbors physically - to a mordv, merya, everything, the Karelian, Finns, Izhora, the Vod, est, Lithuania, Zmudz and lats. Unlike European educated Germans who the XII-XIV is universal destroyed the Lithuanian tribe of pruss. Or - “ civilized “ Anglo-Saxons - which in XVII - the XIX centuries almost completely exterminated numerous Indian tribes in the territory of North America, having driven the remains into reservations for entertainment of tourists.
In lands of the principality Vladimir, Rostovo - the Suzdal principality, the Moscow principality, the principality Tver, Pskov and Veliky Novgorod went process of interpenetration and enrichment of cultures. Slavs (Russians) appeared in Pomorze and Obonezhye at the end of the I millennium AD. So really more 1000 of cultural activity of Slavs on these lands are not enough to be considered “ indigenous people “? Unfairly and offensively.
Especially when historically unreasonable injustice is supported with material resources presently. Unless it is fair when one ethnoses it is put in a privileged position, in relation to other people of the Russian Federation? Unless all of us how citizens of one state, are not equal under the Constitution? Or “ SOME are MORE EQUAL, THAN the OTHERS “?
On ethnic hierarchy (classification) of Lev Nikolaevich Gumilev the Russian northern peasantry - the Arkhangelsk Pomors and zaonezhsky peasants - in system of great Russian ethnos made special subethnos:
“ Subethnos - the element of structure of ethnos interacting with other. At simplification of ethnosystem in a final phase the number of subethnoses is reduced to one which becomes a relict “.
“ Konkvissiya - group of the people united by one-characteristic life and family relations. Sometimes passes into subethnos. It is fixed not by history, but ethnography “. (L. N. Gumilev, “ Ethnogenesis and biosphere of Earth “. With - PB, 2001. Page 152, 155.)
On the, on bolshevitsk, but rather precisely and deeply the leader of the world proletariat V. I. Lenin who in 1919 proclaimed, (but not from bronevichok for drunk r - r - revolutionary masses), and for the soratnichok in eye-glasses, at narrow meetings of the Politburo of the Central Committee of All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) understood exclusive value of the Russian northern peasantry in the history and culture of Russia:
“ We will never achieve the objectives of World Revolution if we do not destroy the Cossacks and the northern peasantry which historically were free and did not know a serfdom “.
Only communists began to divide actively the people on nationalities, at first, for realization of the purposes of World Revolution, then repressing some nations, at us, in particular, - being afraid of mass transitions of ingermanlandets and the Karelian on the party of the opponent during the II World war.
To communists division went on confession, and division not “ repressive “ and “ progressive “ - that is if the representative of confession, other, other than Orthodoxy, was christened on an orthodox ceremony, then certain privileges were provided to it. The set of the well-known noble surnames left the Tatars christened after capture of Kazan. Catholics, Protestants, Calvinists, Jews became, after adoption of Orthodoxy, ancestors of the well-known surnames and noble dynasties famous in the history to Russia in all spheres of public life, Yusupova, Karamzin, Vrangeli, Turgenev, Kutuzova, Dali, Tolstoy, Bagrationa, Saltykova, Barclay de Tolly, Lermontov … However, if the person remained is faithful to belief of ancestors, he was not exposed to repressions, just his career developed not so actively. As during the Soviet period, - if you without party membership card, then the chief to you not to be.
Is administrative - the territorial terms “ Karelian Labour Commune “ “ Karelo - Finnish the Soviet Socialist Republic “ and “ Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic “ were thought up by the communists seeing the ideology at the head of the whole world. “ Karelian Labour Commune “ and then To - FSSR created specially as initial bases of advance of World Communistic Revolution to Europe, in its North - the western appendix - to Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway. Remember the puppet government created by Stalin in 1939 “ Democratic Finland “ with “ Rybnadzor “ (secretary general of Komintern O. Kuusinen) at the head?
Only taking into account tasks “ world revolution “ Bolsheviks - internationalists renamed the recent Olonets province, with mainly Russian population, in “ national “ by name “ Karelian Labour Commune “. At the rate on future annexations and “ voluntary entries into structure of the USSR “. All was subordinated to great Lenin imperialistic idea. In 20 - 50. at us, in the Olonets province (then already To - FSSR) it was entered even obligatory training of all school students in Finnish though “ pure “ Finns, without taking into account the Karelian, Veps and ingermanlandets, on censuses there were about 0,7% of total number of the population. (Personally I in communistic “ internationalism “ I trust no more, than in “ poltergeists “) . Now it is interesting to
to track “ ZONES “ learning of foreign languages for pupils of high schools of the USSR. Everything was distributed according to plans “ World revolution “ General Staff. Nothing casual was! Everything was provided: studied to the 8th class in “ French “ language school, - to serve you in Hugo`s armies - the Western front group; studied in “ German “ to school, - means, - “ our military youth, North - the western front … “
Thank God, “ world fire “ on “ grief to all bourgeoises “ communists did not manage to inflate, but the eructation of communistic ideology in an ethnic question remained strong as “ to " ambergris; after homemade Ossetian vodka.
Moreover, now some of my fellow countrymen and contemporaries Karelians, Finns and ingermanlandets (by origin), warm themselves and society demagogical and nationalist slogans about “ the struck rights of indigenous people “ certain “ Russian invaders “. Though with success and pleasure use various privileges which allocate them the authorities in defiance of all constitutional norms of the Russian Federation.
thermieN “ indigenous peoples “ in the territory of the modern Republic of Karelia when it means exclusively the Finn`s representatives - Ugrian language group - ingermanlandets, Finns, northern the Karelian, the Karelian - livik, the Karelian - buttercups and Veps - is absolutely false, mean and is not taught.
the Territory of accommodation northern the Karelian, - Kalevalsky, Muyezersky and Loukhsky districts, - till 1918 administratively was a part of the Arkhangelsk province. It is so-called, “ Belomorsky Karelia “.
of B “ Karelian county “ on the western coast of Lake Ladoga and to the north tribes the Karelian of livik and buttercups lived, now they live in Prionezhsky, Olonets, Pryazhinsky, Kondopoga and Medvezhyegorsk areas.
Ethnic Finns in the territory of the modern Republic of Karelia appeared only in the early thirties years of the XX century when they, zombie kominternovskim propagandists and 1929 - 1933 frightened of unemployment of Great Crisis, arrived to the USSR of the USA, Canada and Scandinavia to build world system of communism. Several thousands of Finnish workers - emigrants were shot by brothers on communist party in 1937 - 1939. Their descendants, and those which survived during Stalin repressions made in 50 - x - 80 - x years “ national intellectual elite “ Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Super activists were terminated first of all, and survived, generally only those who could adapt to communistic system, i.e. - “ ethically flexible “ persons, - silent frightened the witnesses, not shown executioners and checked informers. For indigenous people of our republic Finns ethnos alien, ethnos - the guest (on - it is Greek, - “ parasit “ “ parasite “).
However, before the II World war Finns lived several centuries and were radical ethnos in the territory of the western coast of Lake Ladoga (now it, - Sortavalsky, Pitkyarantsky and Lakhdenpokhsky districts.) . During the II World war lost this lands Finland. But to you it is not necessary to shed tears everything - - it was not necessary to be at war with Russia and to dream about “ Great Suomi “ to the Urals. For “ dream “ too it is necessary to pay.
Germany also suffered territorial losses as a result of the II World war, - in the territory of the present Kaliningrad region, there is no time Prussia, now there is no indigenous German people left. One Slavs live in being " now; Prussia “ and “ invaders of the " markets; - Azerbaijanians. However, modern Germans gained due historical experience and punish the citizens stating revanchist and fascist ideas. Ingermanlandtsa`s
(annalistic “ slightly “) before World War II compactly lived in the territory of the Leningrad region. In their Karelia to the middle 50 - x years were practically not. The historical name of their homeland - “ Izhora “. It was located on banks of the river of Neva and in Hugo - the western Priladozhye. Quiet, judicious, amazingly honest and hard-working people it is universal underwent Stalin repressions (the same as Chechens, the Crimean Tatars and Ingushs). The majority them was driven into Labour Army to Siberia. However, during Khruschev`s “ rehabilitations “ home ancestors (Hugo - western Priladozhye) ingermanlandets were not let in. “ Resolved “ Karelia. Therefore they from the middle 50 - x began to lodge years at us, generally in Petrozavodsk.
So lodged in Karelia the whole clan (several families) of talented actors and artists Lankinenykh, among them, my late friend, - Gena Lankinen (Langinen), the sculptor, “ Honored worker of art of KACCP “ and his elder brother Leo Fomich Lankinen (Langinen), sculptor, full member of Academy of Arts of the USSR, several years “ the cutting piece of coal “ in Vorkuta. I Remember
how our neighbor in old Kukkovka, Ilmar Matveevich Huttonen, with an awkward smile somehow time told my father and me - after a bath shaking out on piles from a Saturday chekushka last straws of the All-Russian medicine: - “ Stayed fourteen years, apologized and let out “.
Kochkurkina`s Book constructed on biased, unscientific, Russophobic ideology of the author is published not by some semi-fascist group of the Finnish revanchists and nationalists who are still dreaming about “ Great Suomi “ to the Ural Mountains, and at the expense of a state program “ Culture of Russia “! Why the Moscow officials finance the edition of the books causing in normal readers of feeling of national discord, humiliating the national dignity of the Russian people, and creating hostility between the people - neighbors?
Then should rename all program and to call it respectively: “ Support of nationalist russophobia “.
at the beginning of the third millennium process of ethnogenesis, and as its component, process of HISTORICAL ASSIMILATION, it is impossible to estimate from " positions; great Soviet ethnographer “ Bromley, author of the ideological concept “ a new community of people - the Soviet people “ and his teachers - vulgar Marxists - sociologists 30 - x years.
Having got acquainted with similar “ scientifically - popular “ S. I literature. Kochkurkina, unizhayushchyoy the national dignity of Russians to which it is in essence refused historical roots on the northern homeland, the book provokatorsky in essence crude silly persons from the Russian teenagers will be ready to perception of frankly fascist ideas: “ All Russia - only for Russians! “ etc. Perhaps, S. I. Kochkurkina and those who stand behind her back tries to obtain such reaction? Unless it is not provocation?
Then it is not necessary to be surprised to emergence among young people and semiliterate Russian people of nationalist and fascist groups. The fascism arose in Germany in 20 - x years of the last century as reaction to organized hunger and ruin after the Versailles peace treaty when excessive contributions exhausted all vital forces from the German people. When continuous provocations humiliated feelings of national dignity of Germans. Constant humiliation degenerated in an ublyudochny form of a protest, in Nazism and fascism.
Russia was never the monoethnic power. Historically so it developed in the world that only in island Japan the main the state - the forming ethnos Japanese - “ nikhondzin “ - occupy more than 98,7% of total number of the population; in the others of the countries of the world the state - the forming ethnoses and ethnoses - relicts together with ethnoses - guests have a ratio: from 60% to 40%, to 85% to 15%.
the Present authorities of the Russian Federation and RK continue to create hostility between ethnoses - neighbors: one - “ chistokrovno - European “ to the people, - massive financial support on culture. Another, - “ to underdeveloped, wild Slavs “ - shish on vegetable oil and demagogical chatter on sweet.
Concrete example: royalties in the " magazine; KARELIA “ published in Petrozavodsk in Finnish, is THOUSAND TIMES HIGHER (!!!) the fees which editorial office of the Russian magazine " can offer the authors; NORTH “. " magazine; KARELIA “ printed the translation of my story about six years ago - illegally, with copyright infringement, - and offered for it the fee in 1000 rubles. I refused, - I do not love when walk over me and violate my human and literary rights. Also pledged: so far I am living, and 70 years after my death, (period of validity of copyright on “ European Convention on protection of copyright “) no word from my creativity will be translated into Finnish. " magazine; NORTH “ printed my thing recently, on the volume of times in five it is more, than uvorovanny Finnish “ colleagues “ the story, - and instead of the fee in edition only four copies of the magazine with my own publication could give me.
Really the Russian writers In THOUSAND TIMES of TUPEE AND is DULLER than graphomaniacs with the Finnish surnames? Why such difference in payment of intellectual work?
Budgetary financing of two “ literaturno - art and socially - political “ magazines - neighbors goes on different categories. If " magazines; KARELIA “ and “ KIPINA “ were published in the Karelian and Veps languages, in languages of really INDIGENOUS people for the territory of our republic. But they are published on budget money, so at the expense of 87% of taxpayers of Slavs, in ethnos language - the guest, ethnos - a parasieve. Finns and ingermanlandets in the territory of the Republic of Karelia same “ radical “ ethnos as Azerbaijanians, Chechens, Georgians, Moldavians, Roma, Jews, Tatars, Abkhazians etc. All these ethnoses lodged at us in the recent Olonets province only in “ Soviet “ period. Why only the Finn`s representatives - Ugrian language group are put in a privileged position? Than they it is more noble? More honestly? Evropeestiye? money is enough
For Finns and ingermanlandets who live on our earth slightly more than seventy years. And for writers of Russians, - carriers of thousand-year language culture of the Russian northern peasantry, - there is no money.
Why at us in Karelia are cancelled two articles of the Constitution of the Russian Federation?
of St. 19. 2. “ The State guarantees equal rights and freedoms of the person and citizen irrespective of a floor, race, a nationality, language, an origin … “
of St. 37. 1. “ Everyone has the right for work …, to remuneration for work without any discrimination “.
Ya, for example, on the grandma, the father`s mother, from a surname of Grigoriev known in Petrozavodsk since the beginning of the 18th century, and on the maternal line from Zaonezhya, a family of uncles and aunts Yakovlev - Morozov. Roots go from the Novgorod Ilmen Slavs, comers here one thousand years ago plowing this earth several generations. One pr - a pr - the great-grandfather from the Don Cossacks banished to the Olonets province at Pavle, and the grandfather whose surname I carry is from ostzeysky Germans.
Why call me the representative “ not radical ethnos “?
In this case I not only for myself took offense, and for readers, - for the RUSSIAN readers.
Circulations of " magazines; KARELIA “ and “ KIPINA “ in Finnish almost entirely go to a recycle bin: also write " there; so-so “ and to read them there is nobody. And Russian magazine “ NORTH “ with my story “ Mercy Shot “ employees of republican children`s library were forced to x-copy in several copies and to give out to readers - teenagers under record, in turn.
the Russian children in the Republic of Karelia have at all no children`s literary magazine which has to appear in language of the people, radical for our republic (73,6%). I know that in national autonomies of the Russian Federation (The Republic of Tatarstan, the Republic the Plough - Yakutia, the Mordovian Republic etc.) where now children`s literary magazines are issued, these magazines are issued in bilingual option. The part of circulation is printed in national language (Tatar, Yakut, Mordovian etc.) and the part of circulation with the same contents and the same illustrations leaves in Russian. It is fair and favorable.
Only at us in Karelia is made such nationalist distortion to the detriment of radical ethnos - Russians. I began creative activity in the section " twenty five years ago; children`s literature “ at “ Writers` Union of KACCP “ I know how the " magazine was formed; KIPINA “. The Finnish writers writing for children also then were not, and now not. Our section of the Russian children`s writers of Karelia several times appealed to Moscow to open in KACCP the children`s magazine in the bilingual option accepted then. Moscow gave to
staff and money, but local nationalistically oriented writers - Finns made the magazine mono lingual. Our section collapsed. Now “ KIPINA “ it is printed for a recycle bin. There are no readers for it. The Russian children are forced to read literature in photocopies.
Is a concrete example of discrimination of the indigenous Russian people on a national sign.
the Same discrimination of the Russian people is spread now by the authorities in all spheres of cultural life: in theaters, on the state television, in book publishing.
On State TV and Radio Broadcasting Company “ Karelia “ all editions literaturno - art transfers of radio and television in Russian, except the block of daily news are destroyed. Finnish literaturno - art editions are kept, but from scarcity of material journalists are compelled “ to drive a poppycock “ type, “ How to salt cucumbers for the winter “. A pickles of cucumbers and baking of gates - the main tops literaturno - art creativity of the Finn - the Ugrian population of the Republic of Karelia.
I Hope, visually, - who whom now in Karelia operates by the national principle? Who here alien “ invader “ - “ parasite “ and who representative “ radical “ people?
Is fair? The policy is mean, creating hostility between the people.
Finns and ingermanlandets radical ethnoses for Karelia are not, and never were therefore budgetary funds for the edition of the Finnish magazines, the maintenance of the Finnish theater, book publishing houses and newspapers in Finnish, editorial offices of television in Finnish are allocated NOT LAWFULLY, to the detriment of the rights of indigenous people, to the detriment of Russians. The ethnos which lives ON THIS EARTH one thousand years which created great monuments of wooden architecture and kept in purity the Russian epos - bylinas of times of Kievan Rus` has to receive this money for culture UNDER the LAW.
Desire to become silent and belittle a role of Slavs in the territory of Obonezhya was always strong at communistic ideologists of a sovok era and their present successors. to Take
, at least, recently got and absolutely far-fetched according to the rotten slogans “ Day of the Republic of Karelia “. Took date for a reference point of a new annual holiday - 1921. Year of foundation Bolshevist “ Karelian Labour Commune “. What date is? Beginning of statehood? Formation of own administration?
Really till 1921 here the deserted field was? Was not independent “ Olonets province “? “ Olonets namestnichestvo “? At last, known according to chronicles since the 11th century “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ how full part of the Novgorod veche republic?!
Spirit of freedom, independence, “ a demo - kratiya “ - “ authorities of the people “ - lived in the Russian northern peasantry since the Novgorod veche republic nearly one thousand years while it was not cut in XVIII - the XIX centuries capital sankt - the St. Petersburg administrators and communists did not destroy in the XX century.
Why from national history a stroke of a feather of a rusofobka of S. I. Kochkurkina deleted one thousand years of history of the Russian northern peasantry?
About numerical structure of Slavs - however, very approximately and conditionally, unfortunately, I not the expert in the field of historical demography - and - the Ugrian population in the territory of the Obonezhsky pyatina of Veliky Novgorod it is possible to judge a ratio of Slavic (Russian) and Finn on “ To Pistsovy books “ 16th century.
the Novgorod lands in the 16th century included five spots: “ Votskaya “ “ Shelonskaya “ (with Zalessky and Zarussky half), “ Derevskaya “ “ Bezhetsk “ (with Belozersky and Tver half) and “ Obonezhskaya “ (with Zaonezhsky and Mountain half). “ Karelian county “ - the earth of western Priladozhya and the Karelian Isthmus - had special administrative management. (However, I can be mistaken in this question).
On “ To Pistsovy books “ 1582 - 1583. in a Zaonezhsky half of the Obonezhsky pyatina was:
- villages - 2918;
- “ pochinok “ - 50;
- “ heathlands “ - 3222.
In a Mountain half “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ it is noted:
- villages - 445;
- “ pochinok “ - 1;
- “ heathlands “ - 3629.
(N. A. Rozhkov, “ Agriculture of the Moscow Russia XVI in “ With - PB, 1899 of Page 59 and sl.; I. I. Smirnov, “ Bolotnikov`s Revolt 1606 - 1607 “ L., 1951 of Page 47 - 49.)
“ Pistsovy books “ were conducted in a year of the end of Livonsky war (1558 - 1583). The Moscow state was at war for an exit to the Baltic Sea with the coalition of neighbors: Livonsky Award, Poland, Sweden and Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At the first stage of war (till 1562) Russia crushed the Livonsky Award. But at the third stage of military operations (1579 - 1583) Russia weakened by terror of oprichnina got beaten by troops of Stefan Batory and Swedes, and was forced to conclude extremely unprofitable for itself Holes - Zapolsky and Plussky truces.
as a result of annexation of the Russian lands of Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth several tens of thousands of Orthodox Christians the Karelian were forced to move from “ Karelian county “ lands of Veliky Novgorod, - and “ Mountain half “ “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ - to the central regions of Russia, on lands of the former Tver principality. There several areas " were formed; Tver Karelian “. Therefore in “ To the Pistsovy book “ 1583 very much " is noted; heathlands “ - recent villages - in “ To a Mountain half “ “ Obonezhsky pyatina “. (“ Mountain half “ “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ in “ Census books “ is geographically, - modern Olonets Plateau, a watershed between the Onega and Ladoga lakes).
Before Livonsky war, before the previous census which was taking place in the middle of the 16th century, in a Zaonezhsky half “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ there were 6190 villages where, mainly, Slavic, Russian population lived. The Karelian and Veps villages were located in “ To a Mountain half “ “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ on the west bank of Lake Onega, and they, before resettlement, were 4075. If to consider that villages in the 16th century often consisted of two - three houses, and patriarchal families were very numerous, then it is possible to present not only national, but also numerical structure of the population. The patriarchal country family even in the 19th century consisted of three generations and there was a number (on average) more than 20 people.
Applying these data by the 16th century, we can assume that before Livonsky war in the Obonezhsky pyatena (Karelia) not less than 200 000 people of the Karelian and Veps population and more than 300 000 Russian lived. As the professional historian and the doctor of science of S. I. Kochkurkin cannot but know
these statistical data, the external problem of its creation is quite concrete, - to give to simple citizens of the Republic of Karelia: “ The First scientifically - the popular book about history and culture the Karelian, Veps, Sami and Russians from initial settling during era of the Stone Age till 17th century “
Concealment and ignoring of original historic facts is, - in my opinion, - a chronic illness Soviet (Bolshevist, Marxist) approach to historical science: a concept priority over the fact. The class (Marxist) concept of history is already obsolete, irrelevant. The concept Russophobic, anti-the Russian triumphs.
Thesis “ HISTORY, is the POLICY TURNED INTO the PAST “ became rotten seventy years ago. Whose national policy now “ turns into the past “ S. I. Kochkurkina? Historical demography as auxiliary historical discipline at us is not developed by
at all. And when to pursue serious historical science to regular research associates “ Institute of language, history and literature “ “ Karelian branch of Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation “? Then to them will once extend russophobia!
On the historical homeland, in Novgorod “ To the Obonezhsky pyatena “ and then the Olonets province we, Russians, appeared as annoying and unnecessary foreigners - invaders!
Biassed illumination of history of relationship of the Finn - Ugrian and Slavic ethnoses in the territory “ Obonezhsky pyatina “ lands of Veliky Novgorod which is called " now; Republic of Karelia “ in the book published at the beginning of the third millennium it is impossible, to regard differently as the FINNISH NATIONALIST PROVOCATION (for the Russian account)...
P. S. I was told that S. Kochkurkina when writing the book “ People of Karelia “ according to the " program; Culture of Russia “ at the same time fulfilled a grant from the Republic Finland. I called several times in “ Institute of language, history and literature “ KF of AN of the Russian Federation where the doctor of historical sciences S. I. Kochkurkina works, and tried to specify these data: to confirm them or to disprove. The answer I was not given. “ Super - the state secret “. What state? S.]