Who for 20 years before others learned that he keeps the Moon in the sky?
He was born in a deaf English small village. Was an uningenious, silent person below average height with the most ordinary appearance. Was a bad interlocutor - could become silent and reflect suddenly in conversation. Such men have no success in women, and it was never married. For all the 84 - summer life did not drive off from a home further, than on 200 kilometers. Also he was buried just at such distance from the house where he was born. The Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, two dukes and three counts bore on shoulders his coffin to Westminster abbey in London where the most great people of the country are buried.
The name of this person knows more than three hundred years the whole world. On January 4, 2008 365 years since the birth of the founder of modern natural sciences, the creator of classical physics Isaac Newton are executed. But most of people remember only about apple which fell to it on the head. And what he made for science for the long life?
First of all, Newton got a fine education. Having graduated from elementary school in the village, was admitted to Royal school in Grantem, the neighboring town. Then Triniti - college in Cambridge, near London, and the Cambridge university ended. This university was considered as the best in Europe in those days. Taught the students who are trained at it both exact, and the humanities. Later Newton became professor of the Cambridge university.
Newton formulated fundamental laws of classical mechanics, opened the law of universal gravitation, developed bases of differential and integrated calculations. Main work of Newton “ Mathematical beginnings of natural philosophy “ (1687) was a starting point for all works on mechanics within the next two centuries. In the book “ " Optics; he explained the majority of the light phenomena by means of the corpuscular theory of light developed by it.
Physical opening of Newton were closely connected with the solution of astronomical tasks. Newton`s optics grew from attempts to improve lenses for astronomical telescopes - refractors, to relieve them of distortions - aberrations. In 1668 he developed a design of the reflecting telescope - a reflector and for it in 1672 was elected the member of the London royal society - the English academy of Sciences. Later within 25 years was its president.
Newton on the basis of the law of universal gravitation established to them made the conclusion that all planets and comets are attracted to the Sun, and satellites - to planets with a force, inversely proportional to a distance square, and developed the theory of celestial motion. Newton showed that Kepler`s laws follow from the law of universal gravitation, came to a conclusion about inevitability of deviations from these laws owing to the revolting action on each planet or the satellite of other bodies of Solar system. The theory of inclination allowed it to explain many astronomical phenomena - features of the movement of the Moon, a precession, inflow and otliva, compression of Jupiter, to develop the theory of a figure of Earth.
Newton devoted considerable part of the time to divinity and research of the text of the Bible, and also bible chronology, having left behind a significant amount of manuscripts on the matters. Almost all life he went in for alchemy. These researches took away a considerable share of time of the great scientist, and he left behind extensive records about the alchemical experiments made by it, though did not publish any work on this subject. And he published the main works with big delay. He already knows what forces keep the Moon in the sky, but the whole world learn about it only in 20 years. The delay with the publication of the differential and integrated calculations invented by Newton caused long-term painful disputes with Leibniz for a priority.
Newton`s views, his ability to explain and describe the wide range of natural phenomena, especially astronomical, exerted huge impact on further development of science. In his honor force unit of measure in the International system of units - Newton is called.]