How to grow up flowers - small lamps?
In damp rainforests Costa - Ricky and Brazil grow a surprising plant with the unusual bright flowers similar to the Chinese small lamps. By close consideration they are still similar to the small fish who inflated cheeks. And the wax-like nimbus from accrete petals forming from below swelling gives them such look.
It is of a gipotsirt (Hypocyrta) - a perennial grassy plant from the sort of the same name which contains about 20 types in the wild nature. Gipotsirta grow on trees, having lowered the hanging escapes with small glossy leaflets down. They blossom single flowers of yellow, orange or red color. In room culture generally meet a gipotsirta monetolistny (Hypocyrta nummularia) and a gipotsirta naked (Hypocyrta glabra).
Gipotsirta monetolistny - an ampelous plant with slabovetvyashchimisya escapes, with fleshy light-green leaflets about 2 cm long. Stalks and leaves are slightly trimmed small hairs. Blossoms brightly - red flowers with yellow bending of a nimbus. After blossoming usually dumps foliage.
Gipotsirta naked - a semi-ampelous plant with a little branching escapes. Leaflets of an elliptic form, fleshy, glossy, it is sated - green color, without omission, from 2 to 4 cm long. Flowers brightly - orange color are formed in bosoms of leaves on 1 - 3 pieces. This look does not dump leaves after blossoming.
Conditions of keeping. As well as it befits the inhabitant of tropics, the gipotsirta loves damp air, and an origin from the shaded woods means that it needs to be preserved against the direct sun. Summer detention regime - moderately lit place, plentiful watering and frequent spraying. Water for watering is required well otstoyanny or boiled. In the period of an aktivnoyvegetation from spring to fall it is possible to feed up 2 - 3 times a month solution of mineral fertilizers for the blossoming houseplants.
In the fall watering is gradually reduced to moderate, watered seldom in the winter, without allowing the soil to dry up completely. During this period water temperature for watering has to be not lower than room, it is better even slightly warm. From October to February to a gipotsirt do not feed up at all, having given it an opportunity to have a rest quietly. Air temperature is necessary in the range of 13 - 17 °C at this time that will promote laying of flower buds. The place has to be most well lit.
Blossoming begins approximately in March and continues till September or even later. Gipotsirta for all summer can be taken out on fresh air and to place in the pritenenny place.
For example to suspend a pot on a branch of a tree or on a shady wall. Gipotsirta in general is not whimsical and not bad grows even at artificial lighting. After blossoming it is desirable to cut off escapes on one third of their length. It promotes a kushcheniye and more magnificent blossoming because flowers are formed on young escapes.
Change and reproduction . Soil for a gipotsirta has to be very easy and friable. Pochvosmes make of mix of the humous, sheet earth, peat and sand in equal parts, or use purchased mixes for saintpaulias. At the bottom of a pot the good drainage that excess moisture did not lead to a vymokaniye of roots is obligatory. At the same time the pot should not be too big as root system at a gipotsirta of the small sizes. The gipotsirta rather slowly grows and change to the new soil is demanded by time in 2 - 3 years.
Gipotsirta well breeds by means of shanks. For this purpose in the spring and cut off small escapes in the summer with 4 - 5 knots which well take roots in water or in mix of peat and sand. The lower two leaves at the same time delete and bury a shank to the soil to the first remained leaf. From above cover with glass or a film before full rooting. Further for cultivation of an ampelous form plant young saplings on 3 - 4 pieces in a pot.
Weak blossoming or its total absence - affects a lack of lighting, poor in nutrients or the clay soil, too dry or cold air. It can be observed after too warm and dark wintering, and also if did not make cutting of old escapes after the previous blossoming.
At hit of direct sunshine, at too dry air leaves are twisted and turn yellow . It is necessary to rearrange a pot to the light place protected from direct sunshine and more often to spray.
When watering by too cold water or the irregular waterings leading to full drying of the soil, on leaves brown spots appear .
From overcooling and remoistening of the soil as a result of stagnation of water fall down leaves and buds .
From wreckers on gipotsirta the plant louse, the whitefly, a shchitovka, a web tick for which destruction plants process the corresponding preparation according to the instruction can meet.]