Rus Articles Journal

How many was gentlemen of the first Russian award?

the AWARD - mean “ order, row “ that is means a certain structure, hierarchy.

The first award of the Russian Empire not for long had the only gentleman - the admiral Golovin.

in February, 1700 the second gentleman of an award of Andrew the First-Called became the Little Russian hetman Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa.

“ In requital of the merits rendered within 13 years in a military field in war with Turks and the Crimean khan “ Peter I personally embraced the hetman, kissed and drained a traditional glass in glory of belief and fidelity.

The seventh ten went to Mazepa. Accepting an award from imperial majesty, the sivousy hetman did not constrain tears. Is nearly forty years more senior than the tsar, the diligent gimper well knew how to please the monarch.

how pled guilty to legs of the fifteen-year-old autocrat and admitted that it is valid for the “ election “ the hetman bribed Golitsyno in twenty thousand gold. The boy - the tsar believed Mazepa spread at legs, and believed him implicitly further as he to none of the confidants, and presented it generously all years, noting in the appointed diplomas “ servilely devoted services “ for the Fatherland benefit.

Besides that Ivan Stepanovich became the second gentleman of an award of Andrew the First-Called (to sharp envy of Alexander Danilovich Menshikov), the tsar obtained for it at the Austrian emperor and a title of the prince of the Sacred Roman Empire.

Therefore - that in November, 1708 (just on the eve of day of a holiday of Saint Andrey) when Mazepa already passed to Karl XII, Peter I in the decree declared “ about loss of the hetman “ but not about change in which did not want to believe and could not proofs incontestable were not yet.

Only in the following nominal decree Tsar deprived Mazepa of a kavalersky rank

of the Saint Andrew the Apostle Pervozvanny given eight years ago for belief and fidelity. The former hetman who largely miscalculated the last rate, Ivan Mazepa, lonely and ailing, found death in the foreign land. All who for one reason or another went with it under the Swedish banners preferred to return at once back, in hope for favor of the emperor - the winner, supposedly the sword does not secht the guilty head...

The destiny of a nominal Andreevsky cross number two, star and chain, belonging to Mazepa, is unknown.

The Brandenburg envoy Printtsen, the fourth - Boris Petrovich Sheremetyev, the commander-in-chief of troops in Northern war, the field marshal, the fifth - the Saxon chancellor Beykhling became the third gentleman of the highest Russian award in 1701. The sixth and seventh, spring of 1703 for capture of the Swedish vessels “ Astrild “ and “ Gedan “ there were Menshikov and the tsar Peter I.

On Pyotr Alekseevich who had an official rank of the captain of a bombardier company, the cross was assigned by the first Andreevsky gentleman Golovin. It is curious that Menshikov used the first Petr`s permission to add to the diamonds at the cost about 85 rubles put for decoration of a cross and a crown to the treasurer jewels and diamonds for the use in an individual order. Both on a cross, and on a star for himself, darling, Alexander Danilovich did not stint.

For a victory over “ invincible army “ Karl XII near Poltava in June, 1709 four became Andreevsky gentlemen at once. And among them the general Yakov Bruce ordering the Russian artillery. The Andreevsky star belonging to the legendary general Bruce is now stored in the Historical museum to Moscow.

of the Special award in 1710 received the general - the admiral F. A. Apraksin for capture of strongly strengthened fortress Vyborg - the tsar added to Andrew the First-Called`s award also the Gold Sword showered with diamonds.

To the end of the century the Andreevsky award the first of persons of a ministry was received by the metropolitan Novgorod and Sankt - the St. Petersburg Gabriel.

Since Peter I`s reign by the gentleman of an award of Andrew the First-Called becomes already at the birth each grand duke: the newborn after a perepoyasyvala baptism the Andreevsky blue tape.

Among awarded the order by the highest during lifetime of Peter I there were also those who cannot be entered in the official list of winners. For political reasons - for sympathies for Russia - the award was given valashsky gospodaryu to Konstantin Brynkovyan.

Should note flexibility of the Russian yard which managed to provide special modifications of a decor of an award and star for rewardings of foreign citizens and persons of non-Christian belief. In one cases the Garter award tape could surround a star, in others - applied a gold wreath instead of a cross on a blue enameled tape.

Is later for distinction of the medal signs given for military merits began to add the crossed swords passing on a star through the middle to a war decoration.

was granted to Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov specially made diamond sign of the Andreevsky cross worth 35 thousand rubles - Catherine II did not know any more, than to award the outstanding commander for his brilliant victories.

Napoleon Bonaparte was awarded awards on the occasion of the Tilsit world in five years prior to the Borodino fight. And after a victory over Napoleon the nice English commander duke A. U. Vellington also was added to foreign gentlemen.

Nicholas II at the beginning of the 20th century awarded the order to Andrew the First-Called of the king of Siam staying in St. Petersburg - in response to rewarding with an award of the White Elephant.

On July 1, 1998 the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation continued three-century history of an award, having restored it in official system of the Russian awards.

Today signs of an award of Saint Andrey are made of silver with gilding: the new award differs from the predecessor, also his symbolics is partially changed - the imperial eagle gave way to the coat of arms of the Russian Federation. The academician Dmitry Sergeyevich Likhachev awarded for an outstanding contribution to development of domestic culture became the first gentleman of a new highest award of the state.

The motto of the highest state award of Russia remains: “ For belief and fidelity “.]