Rus Articles Journal

Pareto principle - what it and than it is useful?

the Principle, or the rule 80/20 was formulated in the 19th century by the Italian economist D. Pareto and since then did not undergo any changes, remaining almost universal criterion of human efficiency in the most different areas of life. Its account is capable to facilitate considerably our vain (or filled with incomprehensible sense) existence.

The rule 80/20 in the most general view can look so: If to place all objects as their value, then 80 percent of value are the share of the objects making 20 percent from their total number while 20 percent of value are the share of the objects making 80 percent from their total number .

Some deviations from this ratio are possible, but I think that in general the rule 80/20 - very right distribution.

Proceeding from it, in the list from 10 everyday cases only 2 affairs will provide you 80 percent of the planned success. The main thing - precisely to define them and to make priority. And it is possible and to leave the others 8 not made because the value of their results will be much less.

the Subsequent examples from everyday life will allow the person to feel big confidence if it concentrated on the tasks bringing the greatest results and in general to feel a beating of life and itself - its full participant. Here they:

80 percent of profit give us 20 percent of all clients.

of 80 percent of people died in 20 percent from all wars on Earth.

of 80 percent of production provides 20 percent of the enterprises.

of 80 percent of our efforts bring us 20 percent of our neighbors.

of 80 percent of time, passed due to illness, is the share of 20 percent of the working employees.

of 80 percent of documents, being in the use, are necessary to us in 20 percent of working situations.

of 80 percent of dirt accumulates for 20 percent of the area of a floor on which most of all go.

of 80 percent of the food bought by us make 20 percent from our everyday expenses.

of 80 percent of washing is the share of 20 percent of articles of clothing.

of 80 percent of the best television time is the share of 20 percent of programs, the most well-loved by TV viewers.

readers of newspapers spend 80 percent of time for reading 20 percent of the materials published in number. we do

of 80 percent of phone calls to 20 percent of our subscribers.

of 80 percent of food is absorbed at 20 percent of the most popular restaurants.

of 80 percent of our articles in ShZh collects 20 percent of responses of readers.

Applying this rule, it is possible to evade from danger to get bogged down in the cases bringing weak results and on importance to concentrate on 20 percent of affairs which yield the most plentiful fruits.

There is a concrete example which gives us the guru a time - management D. Lakeyn. A certain candidate on local elections agreed to address many groups of voters and found out that his schedule is thoroughly overloaded. It had not enough time for meetings with large audience and lunches at which there will be influential people. He understood that he did not manage to show legibility while accepted invitations for performances and that cannot cancel any more those meetings to which promised to come. Consultants attentively checked the list of its taken place and future performances and found out that 80 percent of its impact on public opinion were result of 20 percent of its performances. 80 percent of its time took away performances which promoted public awareness of its program a little. Besides, these performances so exhausted it that it did not have forces any more for performances which could influence voters significantly. The candidate remembered that Nixon spent the last days of election campaign of 1960 for visits to poorly populated states, such as Alaska, the Hawaiian Islands, Wyoming to remain faithful to the promise - to visit all 50 states of the country. Kennedy concentrated the efforts on large states which helped it to receive a victory of most of voters.

Finally the politician came to a conclusion that he can refuse several performances for insignificant audiences as the final arrangement on them was not yet. Instead he achieved the organization of meetings with audiences which could exert a great influence on the result of vote. This decision was repaid: he won elections.

One more hassle of this principle is that, making only 20 percent of our efforts, we can achieve 80 percent of the planned results. It means that we live usually not at full capacity our potential, and the remained 20 percent of results are 80 percent of efforts of Olympic champions, talented inventors, geniuses of literature and all that before whom we mentally take off hats. whether

A we need - to give all the best it on everything 100? Of course, if there is a worthy high aim (as for the gunner - a television tower). And for the rest it is necessary to know when to stop, and it seems to me that Pareto principle - so far the best tool for its knowledge ]