What to be engaged to the summer resident in July in a garden, on a kitchen garden and in a flower bed in?July - “ top of summer “. The hottest time also falls on this period in a midland. As a rule, this month there are no frosts any more, the active growth of plants continues, fruits are tied. Therefore the main care of the summer resident - in every possible way to promote these processes and to continue active leaving for sadovo - garden cultures on the site.
Garden. In July on fruit-trees and bushes pour fruits, violently grow new vegetative escapes on which kidneys for future harvest are stuffed up. During such period of a plant especially need sufficient intake of moisture and podkormka. Depending on weather it is necessary to water and feed up periodically plentifully plodovo - berry plantings. Under branches with a large number of fruits it is necessary to put props that they did not break.
The special attention needs to be paid also to pest control during this period. Young escapes with gentle foliage are for them a delicacy, the plant louse is especially active. Therefore it is very important to make in due time processing of escapes by the corresponding preparations, to delete young weeds to which the plant louse moves after foliage coarsening on trees and bushes. On weeds and young radical growth new generations of wreckers are removed in the subsequent. Careful weeding and removal of unnecessary young growth - one of the main conditions for successful fight against a plant louse.
At berry bushes in July fruits ripen. At the same time there is an active formation of fruit kidneys for a harvest of next year. Bushes of currant and a gooseberry feed up organic chemistry solutions with addition of wood ashes.
During maturing of berries it is possible to cherenkovat the pleasant currant grades. Shanks from 25 to 40 cm long are for this purpose cut off. They need to be cleared of leaves, having left only 2 - 3 on the top. Shanks place in a bottle from dark glass or other opaque container with water. In such conditions roots are quicker formed. After that shanks are replaced in an open ground, plentifully watered and pritenyat initially. The young saplings received in such a way manage to get stronger and grow up till winter, and next year can already please with the first berries.
Raspberry in the middle of the summer also needs regular waterings and podkormka organic fertilizers.
the Garden wild strawberry by the end of month finishes fructification, actively increases new leaves and moustaches. She is fed up solutions of organic or mineral fertilizers. When harvesting it is necessary to delete at once the fruits struck with gray decay or other diseases. Excess moustaches at wild strawberry delete, leaving only necessary for reproduction. The grown-up sockets are replaced to a separate bed where they will grow up and got stronger.
There is a wish to share one secret on cultivation of seedling of the pleasant grade of garden wild strawberry from seeds. There is not always an opportunity to acquire seedling. For this purpose it is necessary to cut off from very mature berry pulp with seeds, to place it in the friable soil in a penumbra, to powder slightly and to close densely a glass or plastic jar. And to leave till next spring. The appeared and grown up shoots need to raspikirovat and continue to be grown in pass - a small greenery until the end of summer, then to seat on a bed. And it is possible to dry up well ripened berry, and already then to seed dry seeds by the above described method.
Kitchen garden. the Majority of vegetables in July already begin to yield a harvest. On beds continue to carry out loosening of the soil and weeding, to water and fertilize, harvest some early vegetables (a kohlrabi, early white and a cauliflower). I think, there is no need to remind that it is necessary to water with warm water, in the evening or early in the morning. Water has to impregnate the soil on depth of 15 - 20 cm to reach bulk of roots.
The special attention needs to be paid to tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet pepper. They are very sympathetic on waterings and top dressing. It is possible to feed up 2 - 3 times in a month them solutions of organic fertilizers with addition of wood ashes (100 g on a water bucket). The special need in water comes in the period of an active plodoobrazovaniye. Pepper, eggplants at insufficient watering dump buds and ovaries. Tomatoes also most of all demand moisture during fructification. They are watered in hot weather twice a week, pouring out on 10 l of water on 1 sq.m. In cool weather waterings stop. This month excess stepsons continue to delete at tomatoes and to cut off the lower turning yellow leaves. It is recommended to delete completely leaves to the first brush as soon as on it fruits begin to grow brown. At the end of the month of a top prishchipyvat to stimulate the fastest formation of new ovaries and ripening of the formed fruits. For fight with fitoftorozy carry out preventive sprayings according to the instruction of the chosen preparation.
Pumpkin lets out very long lashes, lateral often do not bear on themselves fruits. Therefore it needs to be formed, leaving 3 - 4 fruits on a plant. Lateral escapes delete, escapes with fruits shorten, leaving on them after a fruit 3 - 4 leaves. Pumpkin during this period it is necessary to water and feed up often.
Different cultures demand watering during the different periods of vegetation. Potatoes most of all need watering during blossoming. Good watering is demanded cabbage during formation of a head of cabbage, beet and carrots during filling root crops. Onions and garlic, on the contrary, demand the dry soil during formation of heads. Therefore they are not watered, and at incessant rains it is possible even to cover with a film to avoid remoistening and rotting of heads.
Fans of a winter radish sow its seeds only in July because this plant of short light day. And at early spring crops all can go to flower arrows instead of formation of root crops.
At appearance of wreckers take the appropriate measures. At the same time it is necessary to remember that it is possible to use chemical means of protection only in 30 - 40 days prior to harvesting.
Flower bed. work and in a flower bed does not calm down, it needs to pay much attention too. Weedings, loosening of the soil, waterings and top dressing, pest control are Still actual.
Deflowered flowers need to be deleted systematically, leaving only a small amount for formation of seeds. After blossoming of peonies cut off all tops of escapes from the remains of flowers, around bushes bring humus or compost and close up to the soil.
At melkotsvetny chrysanthemums prishchipyvat tops for more magnificent kushcheniye. Dahlias, hollyhocks, gladioluses and other tall plants need to be tied up to support to prevent drowning and breakage of stalks.
At roses continue to cut out the appearing thin young growth and wild escapes of a dogrose. Already since the end of June it is possible to begin to cherenkovat roses. Shanks with three kidneys cut from deflowered poluodrevesnevshy escapes. The lower slanting cut is done 0,5 cm lower by kidneys, top - a straight line, is 1 cm higher than the top kidney. To remove leaves, having left only top, shortened half. In the semi-shady place of a garden to choose the suitable place with the friable soil, from above a layer to fill about 3 cm river sand. Here and to land shanks, having buried to the soil at 2 cm under an inclination. To water and cover properly with glass or plastic jars. It is constant to support the soil in a damp state, periodically airing shanks. For the winter it is possible to leave them here, under banks, having properly covered from above.
Lawns in July continue to mow in process of growth of a grass then they need to be watered and fed up mineral fertilizers.
Do not forget to collect the ripening seeds from the pleasant odnoletnik.
Attention! The calendar is calculated first of all on a climatic zone of a midland and contains only the most general recommendations. Therefore everyone has to correct them according to the personal range of plants and concrete pogodno - climatic conditions of the region.