The battle of Stalingrad - an unforgettable feat of the Soviet people. How it was?In the history of each country are such events, memory of which remains in the hearts of people forever. The most terrible and heavy event in the history of Russia of the 20th century was the Great Patriotic War. The victory in the Battle of Stalingrad - an important, turning point, a monument to heroism of the Soviet people became one of the brightest pages of this war. This fight - manifestation of strength of mind of the people united by one desire - thirst of a victory!
After defeat in fight for Moscow, having suffered enormous losses in 1942, Germans could not come on all line sovetsko - the German front. Command of the opponent concentrated the efforts on the southern direction of the front. " army; South “ it was divided into two - And yes B. The group A was intended for approaches to the Caucasus, for the purpose of capture of oil developments near Grozny. The group B, as a part of 6 - y Friedrich Paulues`s armies and 4 - y tank Herman Got, was directed towards Volga. 13 divisions numbering 270 thousand people, enormous number of arms - 3 thousand mortars and tools, 500 tanks - Germans began approach to Stalingrad. On July 12, 1942 the Stalingrad front was created.
On August 23 continuous bombings of Stalingrad begin, the German tanks approach the city. 75 thousand volunteers - residents of Stalingrad leave on the front to defend the city. But also in the city there is a work and in the afternoon, and at night, it is simple to live it was impossible, it was necessary to give worthy repulse to the enemy. The way German to troops was blocked by three female antiaircraft battalions. To them employees of tractor plant nominated two tanks to help and three sheathed by steel as armor, a tractor. They were followed by the working battalion armed with the outdated rifles of Mosin conceding according to the fighting characteristics to the modern German weapon. These forces, frivolous from a position of the enemy, that day stopped approach. For it the general Vittersgey ordering the 14th tank case was discharged of command. He could not cope with “ handful “ zenitchitsa and battalion of simple men. In addition the case was in it in a sorry plight that the next three weeks Germans did not try to resume approach.
The opponent changed tactics and began to use heavy artillery and aircraft strenuously. The plan was simple - to put antiaircraft batteries of residents of Stalingrad out of action and to block delivery of scarce shells which brought through Volga. On September 13 our troops forcedly recede to the city, front lines dispose to the opponent most close that the German command stopped use of heavy artillery, being afraid to destroy the. Street fights ran high. The German infantry could rely only on itself, besides was exposed to danger to be the destroyed aircraft. Defenders of Stalingrad used ruins as positions for defense. Advance of tanks was complicated by the heaps of cobble-stones, places making walls to 8 meters. In addition, our soldiers with anti-tank guns disappeared in the destroyed buildings. The considerable loss to the German infantry was caused by the Soviet snipers. Only one sniper Vasily Zaytsev destroyed 225 officers and the opponent`s soldiers, from them 11 snipers.
At the end of September, 1942 the Soviet reconnaissance group under the leadership of the sergeant Pavlov was fixed in the four-storeyed house in the downtown. After three days to the house anti-tank guns, machine guns, ammunition were delivered, company mortars appeared later. Thus, at home became a strong point for a division. Even when the German attack planes occupied the first floor, inexplicably supply with ammunition of the top floors did not stop.
On November 10, 1942 the general approach of the German troops in the area of the Stalingrad front was stopped. On November 13 Stalin approves the plan of counterattack “ " Uranium;. Hugo - the Western front under Vatutin`s command had to strike powerful blows from the right coast of Don, the group of armies of the Stalingrad front to begin approach from Srapinsky lakes and to pass 100 km. Having surrounded troops of the opponent, both groups had to meet near Stalingrad. Also Don front, forces of air army, had to strike two additional blows - on Hugo - the East and along the left coast of Don where strengths of the enemy were based.
On November 24 the commander of army Paulues suggested to break towards Hugo - the western direction, but this plan was rejected by Hitler who demanded to keep Stalingrad and to expect the help. The German command was sure that the Soviet troops are weakened and will not be able to organize properly attack on all flanks of the Stalingrad front. Meanwhile the enemy appeared in a ring of the Soviet troops.
On December 10 the joint army of Paulues and Erich von Manstejna makes an attempt of break of an environment, operation carries the name Vintergevitter (thundersnow). On December 19 the enemy almost breaks through a front line, but thrown from a rate 2 - I the Guards army of the general Malinovsky destroyed hope for successful completion of operation, the enemy was driven into an environment.
On January 8 command of our troops delivered surrounded the ultimatum about capitulation, but it was rejected by order of Hitler. On January 10 decisive approach begins. The German resistance was very serious therefore approach was stopped for a regrouping of troops. New blows began on January 22, and on January 26 it is possible to divide the German army into two parts. On January 31 the southern part capitulated and led by Paulues the staff 6 - y the German army was given. On February 2 the northern group capitulated.
The victory in the Battle of Stalingrad became one of significant milestones in a change of the course of the Great Patriotic War. The strategic initiative was taken, and the German command once again received confirmation that to break spirit of the Soviet people - a difficult task. The Soviet troops gave powerful repulse to the opponent, having forced allies of nazi Germany to refuse active military operations against our state. During the same period in Europe the arisen soprotivlenchesky movements became more active.
There passed 73 years, but the feat of the Soviet people is not forgotten and until now. And let our children and grandsons remember that strength of mind can resist even then, when there is no uniform chance.