How many years to the Russian vodka? To birthday “ fire-water “Russian vodka are not just common noun of the alcoholic drink which became world famous. It, I will not be afraid of this comparison, a peculiar indicator and the characteristic of the environment in which it appeared. Each national alcoholic drink represents a concentrate of history, culture and the technological imagination of certain people. The day before 150 - go birthday of the Russian vodka it would be desirable to write about it...
The Russian vodka is not just common noun of the alcoholic drink which became world famous. It, I will not be afraid of this comparison, a peculiar indicator and the characteristic of the environment in which this drink appeared. No, we will not consider in a negative key. Let`s look narrowly in general, the culture of drink (and such, undoubtedly, is) provides the correct consumption of any drink.
Whether it be the Scottish adhesive tape or the Irish whisky, each national alcoholic drink represents a concentrate of history, culture and the technological imagination of certain people. The day before 150 - go birthday of the Russian vodka it would be desirable to write about this really national drink.
History of emergence of vodka in general traces the roots back to Persia where in the 11th century the doctor Al - Strike could make a vodka prototype, having emitted ethanol by distillation. But as the Koran forbids Muslims alcohol intake, the first vodka was used only in the medical purposes, for processing of wounds. In Europe approximately at the same time the monk - the alchemist Valentius was engaged in distillation of a grape mash. Alcohol-containing liquid was supposed to be used for treatment, and also for production of fragrant tinctures.
Vodka got to Russia in 1386 when the Genoa embassy delivered to Moscow and presented to Dmitry Donskoy`s yard of aqua vitae - “ " water of life;. In Europe from this water of life all known hard liquors appeared: schnapps, whisky, cognac. As a result of distillation of the begun to ferment mash the concentrate, spirit of wine turned out (from armor. spiritus), so appeared the modern name of this substance - alcohol.
The following mention of fire-water in the Russian chronicle can be dated 1429 when to the yard of the prince Vasily II brought universal medicine. Fortress was estimated, but preferred to dilute water of life with ordinary water. It the first push to production of grain wine - the Russian vodka.
Officers, poets, landowners, apparently, everything sang of the Russian vodka. “ You Pour it, mummy, from a silver lafitnichk... “ - how many depth and emotional coloring in this phrase. It is impossible to tell surely that Mendeleyev became a pioneer, ways of receiving “ fire-water “ in Russia existed, and there was them enough. Vodka fortress was never accurately determined. Let out various grades - from 38 to 56 degrees.
But birthday of vodka traditionally consider on January 31 . This day in 1865 Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev, being in St. Petersburg, defends the dissertation “ About compound of alcohol with " water;. The thesis is stored in Sankt also now - the St. Petersburg state museum. Mendeleyev conducted research of specific weight of mixes at various concentration, beginning from waterless alcohol and finishing with solution with concentration of alcohol 50%. Who could think that the ideal fortress of vodka was determined by number of 38 degrees. But it was improper for calculation of a tax in this connection initial figure 38 was rounded to 40 degrees.
Two bases of national idea - bread and vodka - so intertwined among themselves that only in Russia vodka is not drunk, and tasted. In the conditions of social trouble in Russia 19 - go centuries only two bases for determination of quality of life - bread for saturation, vodka for amusement. By the way, very few people know, but until the end of 19 - go centuries vodka really sold buckets, in the small portions this drink it was possible to get only in pubs. And only at the end of 19 - go centuries at expensive restaurants began to give vodka in bottles.
That regarding special spirit of the Russian vodka, it is impossible to call it fictional! It really exists! It would seem, scrupulous Finnish producers will not be compared to domestic wine makers. Both water spring, and grain rye the purest, beautiful and sound not to compare it to the Russian rye which is grown up in middle latitudes of Russia. Yes here only, despite all beauty and a visible harmony, vazassky rye character and color and that is the most important, taste of the Russian grain zhit does not possess. In this connection it is possible to tell with confidence that it is impossible to reproduce the Russian vodka!
Now there are many types of vodka, the most widespread - three of them: usual vodka (grain), special and fruit.
the First look is the solution of 40% of alcohol in water purified of fusel oils. Cleaning is made in the hot way at rectifying plant or cold - on vodka. Alcohol is diluted to the strength of 40 - 45% and filtered through the tubs filled with the charcoal absorbing fusel oils.
the Second look - dissolution in alcohol of aromatic substances or essential oils.
the Third look - for receiving vodka of berry crush and wring out juice, sweeten and force to wander, having added some yeast. But at the use of vodka should remember
that it is, first of all, not the water of life and dangerous. Mendeleyev considered wrong to use over 150 ml of vodka. And professor Uglov in the book “ The Truth about the resolved " drugs; notes that 45 g of vodka anyway kill 1000 neurons of a brain. And to whom they are superfluous? And not without reason in Russia spoke: “ Drink and know when to stop! “