Calendar of a name-day. When to note the name-day? Imagine: birthday of the good person, maybe, even round date, anniversary - in a word, a big holiday. And from all directions rushes: “ The Toast for the birthday man! Word to the birthday man! “ And it seems everything is harmonious all right, but the feeling creeps in: something here not so … Of course, not so! There is no birthday man at a table, there is only a newborn - only this way it is possible to call the person celebrating birthday. And when he will become a birthday man?
The birthday man it is accepted to call the person that only day when he celebrates the name-day, or, speaking to official church language, day of a name day - a holiday, once being considered more important, than birthday.
You know the word “ namesake “? Then it will be easy for you to understand sense of the word “ name day “ - they have one nature. Old Russian “ teza “ meant “ the same “ “ same “. Respectively, the name day is a possession of identical names.
Before, in those days, when Russia was almost absolutely orthodox, parents chose names to children by strictly certain rules which were established by church. And these rules were very simple. Main thing “ grant “ at the choice of a name there was Calendar - some kind of church calendar in which names of all Saints who are celebrated in the orthodox world are brought. And as each Saint needs to be glorified in strictly certain day, their names are located in a strict chronological order - of the first day of year to the last.
In day of appearance of the baby on light the father and mother needed to glance only in the Calendar and to learn what Saint - or what Saints - are glorified today. As a rule, the newborn called by the name of one of them. If this day did not celebrate any Saint or celebrated Saints of other floor, than the newborn, a name chose, being guided by the next date when such celebration happened.
For example, among the Saints glorified on November 30 there is no woman. The next date when female names occur in the Calendar, - on December 4. This day Orthodox Christians celebrate Anna, Tatyana and Fekla. Our ancestors would christen the girl who was born on November 30 in honor of one of these Saints. Respectively, and the name-day she would note on December 4. And here others of Anna and others of Tatyana, been born in other days and called in honor of other Saints with the same name, would celebrate the name-day in other days. By the way, all in a year of 38 dates when Anna is the birthday woman. Here only Anna different … As you understand
, at such strict rules to meet in the company of the person with an unusual name it was difficult. Our orthodox forefathers would never name the child Kosmosom, the Ocean, the Legend or, God forbid, Alice - Nefertiti - and today, according to registry offices, children with such names already live among us. However, traditional names do not lose popularity too. Recently around Ivanov and Mary, Mikhaylov and Anastasius, Georgiev and Anne are more and more.
However, today parents name children, being guided more by the taste, by sounding of a name, by its sense, than by the Calendar. And if earlier day of a name-day most often coincided happy birthday (especially at men), then now all a little differently - between these holidays there can be even not days, but weeks and months. However the rule remains invariable: it should be noted a name-day in the next date following birthday of the person when the Saint with the same name becomes famous. Respectively, this Saint is also considered the patron of the person.
For example if you are called Konstantin and you were born on December 1, then your name-day will fall on December 2 when memory of the new martyr Konstantin Mikhaylovsky becomes famous. And here Yulia who was born on the same day will wait for the name-day even till May 31 of the next year - about day of the Saint martyr Iuliya Ankirskaya.
It should be noted that the Calendar periodically is replenished with names of people which are canonized already presently. And theoretically sometime even Alice - Nefertiti have chance to find the heavenly patron, so and day of a name-day, - if suddenly their namesake receives such honor.