As there were words “ to deceive “ and “ to let down “?Are well-known that it is word " synonyms; to deceive “. Curiously, from where they undertook in this treatment. There are they from names of two Saints who are very esteemed in Russia - Kozma and Georgy, it, as it is known Egory, or Yury. And even not so with their names, as with orthodox holidays in their honor spent. And here such ungodly business as deception., It seems, one should not match another, isn`t that so?
But, it appears, maybe, moreover as can. And business was so. Saint Egory, or, in a different way, Georges the Victorious, was esteemed by the patron of agriculture and the guardian of cattle. In his honor there are two holidays, on April 23 - spring Egory, and on November 26 - autumn. The first day was considered as the beginning of field works, and the second, respectively, as their termination. In honor of brothers Kozma and Demyan who were doctors during lifetime - disinterested persons the holiday was established on November 1 and was called Kuzminki.
To what all this to us the nobility, can ask me? I answer, all this has a direct bearing on expressions “ to deceive “ and “ to let down “. The matter is that on spring Egoriya or Yury poor people were employed to rich fellow citizens, and on autumn Georgy (Yury), or to Kuzminki at whom as in the contract it was written down, it came to an end, and workers had to receive the money. But as it often happens, owners shorthanded poor people, charging them with everything that popadya. From there were also these words “ to deceive “ and “ to let down “.
Well, and as a bonus for until the end of read I will remind of the saying connected with the aforesaid: “ Here to you, grandmother, and St. George`s day “. The matter is that poor people after autumn Egoriya (Yury) had the right to change the owner and to find kinder and decent, but in 1590 the tsar Mikhail Fedorovich the decree forbade this transition, thereby having entered a serfdom in Russia. Long ago it was, and the people remember about the St. George`s day still.
Well and it is fine that was, passed, it is necessary to come back to us to the rams - to swindlers, deceivers and liars who only and wait, as if somebody “ to deceive “ yes “ to let down “.
Here one more version about a mot origin “ to deceive “ and this version not to anyone belongs, and in the book “ Moscow and Muscovites “ the most Gilyarovsky it is stated. According to the famous reporter, this winged word was born in Moscow. Allegedly served sexual by the name of Egor in one of taverns (so in old times of waiters called). And so, this Egor was the famous trickster, in each account he managed to attribute nonexistent drinks and food. Here, allegedly, exactly from this Egor expression " also went; to deceive “.
Very much I respect Vladimir Gilyarovsky, but here he missed a chance: can, and Egor was dexterous and there was he not that, a choice word “ to deceive “ was born long before its birth.
One more very entertaining history connected to some extent with the idiom “ to deceive “.
It is known that on Hugo - the East of the Moscow region the small town, the regional center for the name Yegoryevsk is located. Now - that it is the regional center and on the card in the center of the area, as well as it is necessary, costs. And here according to one of Internet users, there was time when there was he by mistake of authors of the administrative map on border of two volosts, at the same time to one of them did not belong. Here also it turned out so that the city did not pay taxes, and did not pay enough - long time until everything revealed. Here allegedly from here also went - this winged word " departed; to deceive “ in memory of that deception.
Everything would be good in this version and here two zagogulinka prevent with it to agree. First of all the fact that the city of Yegoryevsk was formed under Catherine II`s decree only in 1778, and expression “ to deceive “ appeared long before this date. Well and the second, besides the basic - the provided data are not confirmed by any sources.
So it is necessary to agree with the version about emergence of these words on behalf of Saints Egoriya and Kozma with Demyan especially as on autumn Egory in Russia traditionally horse auction was held. Quite often these transactions were followed by deception of trustful buyers. The person understood that deceived him and bitterly kept saying: “ Deceived me, oh deceived “.
It is known that synonyms at the word “ to deceive “ - great variety, the majority such where and it is not necessary to guess, and so everything is clear, but there is one more word which has other value, even close not belonging to the concept " is absolute; to deceive “. It is about the word “ to inflate “. It would seem what relation this word has to deception? And here were honored. It appears, in old times repeatedly in practice there were following cases.
Roma, selling at fairs of horses, often semi-dead, emaciated, inflated them with forge bellows, and then caulked up them back pass. Being inflated, horses took quite worthy form and if them still properly to clean, rub with some masliyets, then with pleasure peasants bought them.
Here from here this expression - " also went for a walk; to inflate “ in sense to deceive, and we still use this idiom with gratitude.