What game - cricket is?cricket History Are considered
that cricket arose on Hugo - the East of England. The game similar to cricket which inhabitants of Kent County in the 13th century entertained themselves is often mentioned in historical chronicles of the king Edward I.
The word “ cricket “ could come from the word “ cric “ - so the curved shepherd`s stick was called. It locked gate which conducted to a pasture. Generally cricket was played by young peasants, and is reported that learned about game in continental Europe still before this game was widely adopted in England in the 17th century.
at the beginning of 60 - x years of the 18th century in the city of Hembldon, the County of Hampshire, was formed the first cricket - club. The team from this county within 25 years was the strongest club of the country. Nobody was able to beat off so strongly and so sharply to throw a ball as inhabitants of Hampshire.
Soon the center of the English cricket moved to London: on Dorset fields somebody Thomas Lord opened the platform for game. Approximately on the same place in the British capital and now there is a cricket stadium Lord`s, a cricket cradle in its modern look.
Later in the same place Marilebonsky cricket - club (MCC) was open. Soon it became the strongest club of the country, under its pressure rules and therefore now the management of world cricket exactly there settles down were changed.
at the beginning of the last century cricket for short time was included in the Olympic program, however in the absence of the competition this sport was excluded.
Traditions and etiquette of cricket
Cricket extended on the world in process of growth of power of the British Empire. Therefore if to look at participants of the World Cup of 2003, then the list of member countries will represent with rare exception the former colonies of the empire, “ over which the sun " never sets;. Most of all cricket is developed and popular in Australia (world champion), New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri - Lanke, the Republic of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Canada and the Western India (the national team of Caribbean countries).
Cricket matches can last several days, and often it seems that occurs in the field of nothing, and players is simply lazy stand and look around. Often between dashes there can pass several minutes. Therefore on stadium fans treat a campaign very seriously, stocking up with baskets with food and binge.
It is prestigious to be the fan of cricket in England, and often rich companies have own box at stadium. Though as speak here, in such beds during matches important issues, and the events in the field - only a background generally are solved.
In cricket play two teams on 11 people, each of which gets chance to beat off and serve a ball. A task - to destroy by a ball a gate of the rival (wicket).
Wins a match the team which scored bigger quantity of points (dashes) in the course of a hurling back.
Team is not considered beaten out until at it does not remain one (batsman) which is not beaten out betsmen. After the team serving a ball beats out all betsmen of the rival, teams change positions.
So, the game purpose in cricket - to score bigger number of points, than the rival. Points are added for so-called “ dashes “ (runs). The quantity of dashes directly depends on that, how far betsmen returned the ball served to it. The further the ball, the more time departed players of the giving command will spend for returning it to a midfield, and at this time the player with a bat, moving from one “ gates “ to another, gathers those “ dashes “.
If the ball uletelnedaleko, as a rule, beating off manages to make one dashes if the ball left limits of the field surrounded with a rope, to team about six dashes can be added. The maximum quantity of points can be received if the ball left field limits, having never concerned the earth.
The cricket nature such is that the match lasting from two to five days (a so-called test match) can end and in a draw. In five-day matches in which only the national teams of the different countries participate each team receives two opportunities to give and beat off (two innings - two rounds of throws on a gate). In the championship of England where the national teams of counties compete, matches go four days.
In cricket play on the big oval field, however the most important events happen in the center, on specially prepared path which is called the line of giving (pitch) or a gate (wicket). It represents a rectangle of 20 meters in length and three - in width.
On the opposite ends of a path there are the gates consisting of willow columns (stumps) - 71 cm in height and with a general width of 22 cm - with the crossbeams (bail) lying on them. A problem of a betsmen - to protect a gate from throws of giving.
of All 11 team players which serves a ball are in the field. And at team which beats off, in the field only two betsmen and, only one of them takes part in the game, and another carries out a supporting role until his partner was not beaten out.
From 11 people of the giving command nine can be placed across the field as the captain will solve, 10 - y the player - the bowler - (bowler) throws a ball on vorotets (surely from top to down a straight arm from - for a shoulder), and 11 - y (wicketkeeper) is directly for the player with a bat. Its task - to catch a ball behind a gate.
Bowlers are divided into two types: fastbowler (the player staking on throw force) and spinner (the one who beats out the rival, tightening up a ball).
The cricket ball is made of a stopper and covered with red skin. Leather parts are sewed with each other in the center, and this part of a ball which is a little acting up is called “ seam “ which existence is very important for technology of giving of a ball.
the Bowler will try to throw a ball so that it hit against the earth this seam that will change its trajectory, and it will be more difficult to betsmen to react to it.
the Match begins with the fact that captains throw a coin and decide what team will give the first and what - to beat off. And, the captain, making the choice, proceeds from weather conditions, a condition of the field and physical shape of team.
After six giving in a row (so-called over) passes beating off to protect an opposite gate. And so all match continues.
If the captain considers that his team gathered sufficient number “ dashes “ it can stop round of throws on a gate, that is change over for the rival. In that case say what the team made “ statement “ (declaration). After change of roles the team which beat off has a clear idea of that how many “ dashes “ it is necessary to gather it to win.
The set of all rules of cricket - the book from 20 pages of the close text.