Rus Articles Journal

What do we know about the Russian wooden toys?

In Russia poteshka, so called toys in those days, most often made of clay and a tree. A doll - one of the first toys of antiquity. But it is not influenced by time: it is still loved both by children, and adults.

the National doll embodies in the image characteristic features of the people who created it - in it the main value of an ancient doll. The ancient doll is at first sight simple and simple. However in this seeming simplicity the set of secrets and riddles is hidden.

In the ancient time dolls carried out also a role of ceremonial symbols and charms. Was considered that they protected the person from evil forces and diseases, brought rich harvests, wellbeing, happiness.

Wooden dolls are close to traditions of pagan culture, they remind wooden idols.

In Moscow area Sergiyev Posad was the largest center of production of wooden toys. In the 15th century in the Trinity - Sergiyevy Monastery monks were engaged in turning of a tree and a carving on it.

According to the legend, the first wooden toys in Monastery were made by the prior - Sergey of Radonezh, and gave away to their children pilgrims.

To the imperial yard also brought toys from the Trinity - the Sergiyevsky monastery. At one time toys which country and imperial children were amused left the same workshops.

Wooden dolls were made of a trihedral log. If they intended for a charm, then on them features were not cut out.

Masters of Moscow area generally did tell-tales, monks, ladies, messengers, hussars. About these toys of V. Vasilenko wrote such lines:

Leaned a hand on the sword,

Radiating heat -

Is made Of a usual piece of wood

by the master the hussar.

The master in Troitsk to Posada

Lived hundred years ago, bread toy

I for the sake of

was Cut out by it for children.


In northern regions of Russia up to the 19th century Old Russian tenor of life and early ways of processing of a tree remained. There were most ancient wooden toys - punks. Word punk comes from the word pangas meaning a trunk, a root.

These toys were made of an integral piece of a tree. Allegedly, they were descendants of wooden gods who in Ancient Russia were in each house.

One of features of punks - sketchiness of their forms. They intended for small children. Looking at such toy, the kid dreamed. For example, the image of a horse in one day seemed to it a powerful horse, in another - a simple country horse.

Girls of dolls - punks dressed up in clothes with elements of national suits.

Ancient dolls - punks carried out also a role of charms. In such cases of features were not cut out by it or only slightly were outlined that evil spirits could not be installed in them.

Today masters still make wooden poteshka. For example, master of a turning wooden toy Igor Aleksandrovich Sapunkov. He lives near Rostov Great. With work on production of toys it is helped by the wife Irina.

Wooden little men of Sapunkov are not similar one to another: at each of them individual shape, enclosed a particle of warmth and love to national traditions in each toy of the master.