Whether there was a writing in pre-Christian Russia?Day of Slavic writing and culture was celebrated Recently. Why Slavic writing, but not Russian? Why Slavic culture, but not Russian? And why this holiday at us - only tserkovno - state (or it is state - church). The Russian Orthodox Church has, apparently, holidays more important, for example, Christmas. Answers to these questions conduct us in depths of the Russian history and in a jungle of its interpretation official Russian “ historical science “.
Business was so. The grand duke Svyatoslav, Olga`s son, going to the last campaign, divided Russia between sons: Kiev received Yaropolk, Ovruch (drevlyanskiya) - Oleg and Novgorod - the younger son - the half-blooded Vladimir. It is known that Svyatoslav died. After a while Yaropolk broke Oleg`s army, and killed him. Vladimir, being afraid for the life, ran away to Varangians. Having returned in 3 years with a Varangian team, Vladimir took Kiev, killed Yaropolk and began to rule alone, in fights and campaigns expanding Russia. In one of campaigns it took Korsun (Chersonese) - a support of Byzantium in the Crimea, on the Black Sea, and demanded to itself(himself) in the wife the tsarevna Anna - the sister of governors of Byzantium. threatening that differently with “ The same will be Constantinople “. Governors of Byzantium were forced to agree, but on condition of the address of Vladimir to Christianity. Vladimir in Korsuni was christened, got married to Anna, returned to Byzantium Korsun and came back to Kiev with a large number of Christian priests. There he in a reservoir christened 12 sons (the Khreshchatyk from here), and on August 1 988 g ordered to be christened to all Kiev residents in Dnieper. After that the Christianity began to extend across Russia where the world and where and “ fire and sword “.
What does it have to do with writing? - you ask. And while Byzantines sent with Anna not the Greek, but the Bulgarian priests, with the books written by Cyrillics invented more than in 100 years before by brothers Kirill and Mefodiy in the old Bulgarian, clear as counted in Constantinople to the Russian people (who read on - Bulgarian, knows that it far not so). It also is tserkovno - Slavic writing and tserkovno - Slavic language. All other written sources were liable to destruction that slowed down development of the Russian culture for many centuries. And only at Peter I reform of writing as a result of which the alphabet was brought into accord with live Russian then rapid development of secular Russian literature and the Russian culture in general began was carried out. Destruction of monuments of the Russian pre-Christian writing led to the fact that we still guess - and whether there was this writing in general, and the remained finds right there appeared fakes and were at all rejected by official historical science. Some of them became available quite recently, and others are still hidden “ behind seven seals “.
And what Saints Kirill equal to the apostles and Mefodiy? Personally they in general have no relation to this history. As reported in the “ Life “ Kirill (Konstantin Filosof), in 860 he undertook travel from Constantinople to Khazaria which religion was a Judaism in those days, and on the way stopped all in the same Korsuni (directly some mysticism!) in which there lived a lot of the adopted Christianity east Slavs (i.e. Russians). There he examined with Christian “ Gospel “ and “ To the Psaltyrye “ the written Russian letters in Russian, and quickly learned to read them as language of these books was close to its native bolgarsko - to Macedonian. The alphabet - Cyrillics - he invented much later on the basis of Russian. In that Old Russian alphabet there were 44 letters, from them two letters “ And “ were identical on sounding, but are various on sense and application. From them it left one, and 10 letters replaced on Greek, close on sounding to the western Slavs.
Thus, he tried not for rusichy which already had the writing, and for the western Slavs who had no writing or lost it. By means of Cyrillics Saint brothers (Kirill and Mefodiy) translated with Greek into the old Slavic " language; sacred books “ also wrote several theological works. And now wonder who whom educated and made happy - the western Slavs us or we are them? And what holiday should be celebrated - Slavic or Russian writing and culture? History knows the answer: not incidentally Saint brothers are called “ Saints Kirill equal to the apostles and Mefodiy, teachers Slovenian “ (but not Russians). Also there had to pass many centuries that Russian dumped the fetters imposed to it and blossomed in all splendor, again became “ great and mighty “. From told clearly also why a holiday tserkovno - state: because Cyrillics, tserkovno - Slavic language and Christian religion were imposed to the Russian people “ from above “ violently, so the God`s grace began to shine over Russia not at once, and much later when the people regained consciousness from psychological shock and accepted Orthodoxy heart as the religion calling to love and good.
And still - why not to recognize all this how the historic facts confirmed as - in any way with written sources? Why everything that, apparently, lies on a surface is so long and persistently rejected? Answers to these questions can be found in statements treated kindly as the leadership of the USSR, and “ democratic “ authorities of the Russian Federation academician D. I. Likhachev: “ The culture In itself has no initial date. But if to speak about conditional start date of the Russian culture, then I, on the understanding, would consider the most reasonable 988 g. Whether it is necessary to remove anniversaries deep into of times? Whether date of the two-millennium or a polutoratysyacheletiya is necessary to us? With our world achievements in the field of all types of arts hardly such date something will ennoble the Russian culture. The basic that is made world Slavic peoples for world culture, is made for the last millennium. The rest only estimated values “.
Here so! I do not know and do not want to know! That ordered, I speak! Whether it is worth being surprised to the fact that the Novgorod diplomas X-XIV of centuries are still not read and are not published? And “ Velesova (vlesova) book “ found 2 centuries ago, it is rejected as a fake and it became available only recently. Well, the relation of the Soviet heads is clear. For them history of Russia began in 1917 and then arose “ true “ writing and culture. With Orthodox church too everything is clear. But how to understand the relation to ancient history of the homeland of heads “ new “ Russia? For them everything that was before revolution, business almost sacred, at the level of an idolization? Why any objective proofs of existence in Russia of writing before adoption of Christianity cause not just a protest, and the real hysteria of successors of D. I. Likhachev? When, at last, this self-abasement before everyones " ends; Sorosami “ and others?
Despite all efforts to erase memory of Old Russian written culture, it (memory) remained and up to now, however, in repeatedly rewritten and therefore a little distorted look. It, for example, “ Stories of temporary years “ “ Russian Truth “ ancient chronicles, Vladimir Monomakh`s compositions, “ Tale of Igor`s Campaign “ (which also long time was considered as a fake) etc. Russian survived also thanks to the oral speech, oral bylinas, legends and fairy tales which kept all charm “ great and mighty “. Language - soul of the people, is also still live the people - there will live also language. Besides, the monuments history found in various points of our planet indicate that, despite various alphabetic systems, they are written in Old Russian language. But it already another story altogether. As Serbian D. Obradovich, " told; The Law and belief can change, and a sort and language never “.